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Harnessing the Power of Data From Our Bodies –Toward Personalized Preventive Medicine. Invited Talk 8 th Latin American Seminar on Science and Health Journalism Institute of the Americas on UCSD Campus La Jolla, CA November 1, 2010. Dr. Larry Smarr

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harnessing the power of data from our bodies toward personalized preventive medicine

Harnessing the Power of Data From Our Bodies –Toward Personalized Preventive Medicine

Invited Talk

8th Latin American Seminar on Science and Health Journalism

Institute of the Americas on UCSD Campus

La Jolla, CA

November 1, 2010

Dr. Larry Smarr

Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology

Harry E. Gruber Professor,

Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering

Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD

Follow me on Twitter: lsmarr

leading causes of preventable deaths in the united states in the year 2000
Leading Causes of Preventable Deaths in the United States in the Year 2000

1/3 of Deaths

Mokdad AH, Marks JS, Stroup DF, Gerberding JL (March 2004). "Actual causes of death in the United States, 2000". JAMA 291 (10): 1238–45. doi:10.1001/jama.291.10.1238. PMID 15010446. www.csdp.org/research/1238.pdf.

during the 2000s the fraction of the population that is overweight or obese has greatly increased
During the 2000s, The Fraction of the Population That is Overweight or Obese Has Greatly Increased

Source: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, CDC


(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)


calit2 has been had a vision of the digital transformation of health for a decade
Calit2 Has Been Had a Vision of “the Digital Transformation of Health” for a Decade
  • Next Step—Putting You On-Line!
    • Wireless Internet Transmission
    • Key Metabolic and Physical Variables
    • Model -- Dozens of Processors and 60 Sensors / Actuators Inside of our Cars
  • Post-Genomic Individualized Medicine
    • Combine
      • Genetic Code
      • Body Data Flow
    • Use Powerful AI Data Mining Techniques


The Content of This Slide from 2001 Larry Smarr

Calit2 Talk on Digitally Enabled Genomic Medicine

nine years later i am recording my metabolic self
Nine Years Later I AmRecording My Metabolic Self


7 Week Ave:

2550 Calories Burned/Day

1:31 hr Physical Activity/Day (>3 METs)

7755 Steps/Day (~3.9 Miles)

Measure Quantity and Quality of Sleep--

7 Week Ave: 6:55 hrs with 81% Efficiency

over the next decade and explosion of health sensing center for wireless population health systems
Over the Next Decade and Explosion of Health Sensing:Center for Wireless &Population Health Systems

Sensors embedded in the environment

Geocoded data on safety, location of

recreation, food, hazards, etc

Sensor data


Clinical & Personal Health

Record Data


Ecological data on

determinants of health


Analysis & comparison of

parameters in near-real time

(normative and ipsative)


Sufficient population-level

data to comprehend trends,

model them and predict

health outcomes


Feedback in near real-time via

SMS, audio, haptic or other

cues for behavior or

change in Rx device

Psychological & Social sensors

Mood, Social network (peers/family)

Attention, voice analysis

Biological sensors

BP, Resp, HR, Blood (e.g. glucose, electrolytes, pharmacological, hormone), Transdermal, Implants

Diet & Physical Activity sensors

Physical activity (PAEE, type), sedentary

Posture/orientation, diet intake (photo/bar code)

Wearable Environmental sensors

Air quality (particulate, ozone, etc)

Temperature, GPS, Sound, Video,

Other devices & embedded sensors

= True Preventive Medicine!

citisense new nsf grant for fine grained environmental sensing using cell phones
CitiSense –New NSF Grant for Fine-Grained Environmental Sensing Using Cell Phones

Seacoast Sci.


30 compounds


Intel MSP













CitiSense Team

PI: Bill Griswold

Ingolf Krueger

Tajana Simunic Rosing

Sanjoy Dasgupta

Hovav Shacham

Kevin Patrick

lifechips merging two major industries microelectronic chips life sciences
Lifechips--Merging Two Major Industries: Microelectronic Chips & Life Sciences

LifeChips: the merging of two major industries, the microelectronic chip industry with the life science industry

65 UCI Faculty

LifeChips medical devices

the future of health care will be dominated by a vast expansion in human health data
The Future of Health Care Will be Dominated by a Vast Expansion in Human Health Data
  • Growth of Digital Data is Exponential
    • “Data Tsunami”
  • Driven by Advances in Population-Wide Digital Detectors, Networking, and Storage Technologies
  • Making Sense of it All is the New Imperative
    • Data Analysis Workflows
    • Data Mining
    • Visual Analytics
    • Multiple-Database Queries
    • Data-Driven Applications
    • From Individual Data to Health Outcomes

Source: SDSC

measuring the state of your body so you can tune your body to have a healthier longer life
Measuring the State of Your Body So You Can “Tune” Your Body to Have a Healthier Longer Life

in 2000 I Arrived in San Diego After 20 Years in the Midwest

and Began to Measure and Modify My Body



Age 62

Age 52


goal lose weight by changing what how much i ate while increasing aerobic exercise
Goal: Lose Weight by Changing What &How Much I Ate,While Increasing Aerobic Exercise

Exercise is Elliptical and Walking

Losing Diet Discipline

Gradually Moving to

Zone Diet and Regular Exercise

Reached Desired Weight

Back on Track, Fewer Calories

More Exercise

Blood Pressure 134/73 Pulse 55

Resting Pulse Lowered to 45

goal reduce my body fat through nutrition and exercise
Goal: Reduce My Body Fat Through Nutrition and Exercise

Fat Loss: Chest First, Then Thighs, & Finally Abs

Most of Loss in First 3-4 Years, Then Very Slow

% Body Fat Drops From 21% TO 15%

Higher Body Fat Can Increase the Risk of Heart Disease, Diabetes, and Cancer

Measurements by Trainer Terry Martin

I Lost More Than 1/3 of My Original Body Fat

goals reduce calories sugar and sodium intake while increasing fiber
Goals: Reduce Calories, Sugar, and Sodium Intake, While Increasing Fiber

Also, Average American Drinks 526 12-oz Sodas per Year--Me Zero

Data source: American Dietetic Assn

Me Compared to Average American Male Over 60

goal quantify your food intake so you can tune your glucose insulin system and lower inflammation
Goal: Quantify Your Food Intake So You Can “Tune” Your Glucose/Insulin System and Lower Inflammation

Computed Average Over 12 Days When at Home for Maximum Accuracy

Measure All Food and Drink Components, Then Use USDA Lookup to Compute Each Item

Still Need to Lower Sugar & Increase Protein and Decrease Fat by 15%

  • Quality of Food
    • All Organic and Mostly Locally Grown
    • Carbs are Low Glycemic Index
      • No Added Sugar or Refined Flour – Mostly Fruits and Vegetables
    • Proteins are Lean
      • Meat is Grass Fed – No Corn or Antibiotics
      • Fish is Wild, Often Locally Caught
    • Fats are Omega-3 Rich
      • Supplemented by 7g Daily Pharmaceutically Purified Fish Oil Pills
goal change your cholesterol levels to lower ldl raise hdl while lowering total
Goal: Change Your Cholesterol Levelsto Lower LDL, Raise HDL, While Lowering Total


Recommended Levels

Total -20%


LDL -50%


HDL +40%

Began Statin

Raising “Good” HDL Seems Most Difficult

goal lower triglycerides and cholesterol ratios to reduce future risk of diabetes and heart disease
Goal: Lower Triglycerides and Cholesterol Ratios to Reduce Future Risk of Diabetes and Heart Disease

“The Ratio of Triglycerides to HDL Cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) is the Single Most Powerful Lipid Predictor of Extensive Coronary Disease.”

[Clinics 2008; v.64: 427-432]

  • TG
    • High Risk 200-500
    • Best <150
    • My TG ~35
  • TG/HDL
    • Ratio>4 Are Pre-Diabetic or Have Type 2 Diabetes
    • Average American Has a Ratio of ~3.3
    • My Ratio 0.5
goal improve my omega 3 scores to protect against future heart disease
Goal: Improve My Omega-3 ScoresTo Protect Against Future Heart Disease

Graphics from www.anne-marie.ca/ratiokits/

If your Omega-3 Score is at least 7.2 and your DHA Score is at least 4.5, you are 32% less likely to develop heart disease

If your EPA+DHA Score is at least 4.6, you are 70% less likely of dying from a heart attack.

= My Values Tested by yourfuturehealth.com

Ref: Based on Lemaitre et al., n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids, fatal ischemic heart disease, and nonfatal myocardial infarction in older adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 77:319-325 (2003).

goal lower ratio of arachidonic acid to epa to reduce pro inflammatory potential of your cells
Goal: Lower Ratio of Arachidonic Acid to EPA to Reduce Pro-Inflammatory Potential of Your Cells

“Silent Inflammation”

Chronically Ill


I take 6 Fish Oil

Pills Per Day

Average “Healthy”


Ideal Range

My Range

Range Source: Barry Sears

My Tests by www.yourfuturehealth.com

goal quantitatively monitor the state of your inflammation and immune system
Goal: Quantitatively Monitor the State of Your Inflammation and Immune System

Others from Stool Tests by


hsCRP from Blood Tests

Symptom: Acute Diverticulitis

25x Normal

15x Normal

Invisible Episodic

Colon Immune Response

“Come Back When You Have a Symptom”



Lactorferrin Should Be <73

hsCRP Should Be <100

Future Challenge: Danger of Persistent hsCRP Inflammation

and Destabilized Microbiome

blood tests i do quarterly to annually in addition to hscrp lipids minerals omegas
Blood Tests I Do Quarterly to AnnuallyIn Addition to hsCRP, Lipids, Minerals, & Omegas
  • Electrolytes
    • Sodium, Potassium, Chlorine, CO2
  • Blood Sugar Cycle
    • Glucose, Insulin, A1C Hemoglobin
  • Bones
    • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • Kidneys
    • Bun, Creatinine, Uric Acid
  • Protein
    • Total Protein, Albumin, Globulin
  • Liver
    • GGTP, SGOT, SGPT, LDH, Total and Direct Bilirubin
  • Thyroid
    • T3 Uptake, T4, Free Thyroxine Index, FT4, 2nd Gen TSH
  • Heart
    • Homocysteine
  • Blood Cells
    • Complete Blood Cell Count
    • Red Blood Cell Subtypes
    • White Blood Cell Subtypes
  • Cancer Screen
    • CEA, Total PSA, % Free PSA
    • CA-19-9
  • Vitamins & Antioxidant Screen
    • Vit D, E; Selenium, ALA, coQ10, Glutathione, Total Antioxidant Fn.
  • Others
    • Ferritin
    • Progesterone
    • Testosterone, Total and Free
    • FSH
    • Estradiol
goal determine the structural state of each internal organ and major body subsystems
Goal: Determine the Structural State of Each Internal Organ and Major Body Subsystems

Stress Test with


Heart Fitness

Structural Weakness



Detect Polyps

Colon Disease

Carotid Ultrasound Imaging

Plaque Thickness

3D Full Body Scan

mm Accuracy

Small Tumors

Organ Damage

Plaque Sites

Virtual Colonoscopy

64 Slice

Heart CT Scan

Plaque Sites

Valve Anomalies

goal measure your individual genetic predispositions to future health risks
Goal: Measure Your Individual Genetic Predispositions to Future Health Risks

You: 1.7%

Avg. 3.0%

You: 22.4%

Avg. 11.4%

You: 14.7%

Avg. 23.7%

however snp indications of adverse drug side effects may be quite useful
However, SNP Indications of Adverse Drug Side Effects May Be Quite Useful

Increased Risk

Greatly Increased Risk

I Would Definitely Not Take Either!

the cost for full human genome sequencing is exponentially decreasing
The Cost for Full Human Genome Sequencing is Exponentially Decreasing


where i believe we are headed predictive personalized preventive participatory medicine
Where I Believe We are Headed: Predictive, Personalized, Preventive, & Participatory Medicine


organ specific blood proteins will make the blood a window into health and disease
Organ-Specific Blood Proteins Will Make the Blood a Window into Health and Disease

Source: Lee Hood, ISB

Key Point: Changes in The Levels Of Organ-Specific Markers Can Assess Virtually All Disease Challenges for a Particular Organ

  • Perhaps 50 Major Organs or Cell Types
    • Each Secreting Protein Blood Molecular Fingerprint
  • The Levels of Each Protein in a Particular Blood Fingerprint Will Report the Status of that Organ
    • Probably Need Perhaps 50 Organ-Specific Proteins Per Organ
  • Will Need to Quantify 2500 Blood Proteins from a Drop of Blood
    • Use Microfluidic/Nanotechnology Approaches