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Bogotá, Colombia. Jorge Acevedo Universidad de los Andes Bogotá. Bogotá Today (1). Population: ~7 million, growing 2.2% p.a. ~1 m private vehicles. (1998-2000 ~2.5% p.a. 2001 onwards ~5.5 %) ~35,000 buses, minibuses and colectivos, most of them old (average age over 14 years)

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bogot colombia

Bogotá, Colombia

Jorge Acevedo

Universidad de los Andes

Bogotá

bogot today 1
Bogotá Today (1)
  • Population: ~7 million, growing 2.2% p.a.
  • ~1 m private vehicles.

(1998-2000 ~2.5% p.a. 2001 onwards ~5.5 %)

  • ~35,000 buses, minibuses and colectivos, most of them old (average age over 14 years)
  • ~10,000 of them illegal.
  • ~70,000 taxis, ~15,000 of them illegal

Excessive numbers constitute overt oversupply.

bogota today 2
Bogota Today (2)
  • ~18 million total trips per day
  • ~14 million motorized trips
  • ~4.5 million private + taxi (32%)
  • ~9.5 million public transport (68%)

Of these, TransMilenio first phase serves 800,000 trips (730,000 former public, 70,000 former private)

public transport organization
Public transport organization
  • ~35,000 buses + minibuses + colectivos
  • ~35,000 drivers
  • >35,000 public vehicle owners

These are organized around 65 “public transport companies” that “affiliate” the vehicles, to let them serve the company’s licensed routes. Affiliation costs a down payment and monthly payments.

bogota policies managing demand
Bogota policies managing demand

“Pico y placa”: restriction to operate through vehicle license plate last digit.

  • Private transport: 40% restricted daily, Monday through Friday, from 7-9 am and 5-7 pm
  • Public (inc. taxis): 20% restricted daily, Monday through Saturday, the whole day.

>200 km of bicycle paths

modelo conceptual de transmilenio

TRANSMILENIO S.A.

ALCALDIA MAYOR DE BOGOTA

Planeación, Gestión y Control

Modelo Conceptual de TransMilenio
  • Infraestructura suministrada por el Estado
    • Troncales
    • Estaciones
    • Patios y Talleres
    • Infraestructura Complementaria
    • Centro de Control
  • Operación suministrada por el S. Privado
    • Buses Transporte Masivo
    • Empresas
    • Empleados
    • Servicios Troncales
    • Servicios Alimentadores
  • Recaudo suministrado por el S. Privado
    • Equipos
    • Tarjetas
    • Manejo Fiduciario

PLANEACION

slide7

Etapa 1

Etapa 2

Autopista Norte

NQS

Caracas

Av. Suba

Calle 80

Américas

Corredor Férreo Sur

Corredores Exclusivos de TransMilenio

Etapas I y II (2000-2006)

PLANEACION

slide8

BOGOTA 2016

PLANEACION

the challenge remaining public transport
The challenge: remaining public transport

Ongoing policy decrees aim at:

  • Bus companies must lease vehicles from owners
  • Companies must operate their fleet, collect fares, contract drivers, maintain vehicles
  • Electronic vehicle license allows street detection and retention of illegal vehicles
  • Part of fare goes to a fund to purchase old vehicles and destroy them