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The American Civil War Some Thoughts in Survey. Dr. John Robert Greene Paul J. Schupf Professor, History and Humanities Cazenovia College. By Way of Introduction…. 30 th Year… Bachelor’s and Master’s, St. Bonaventure University Ph.D., Syracuse University 15 books ….articles…presentations

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The american civil war some thoughts in survey

The American Civil WarSome Thoughts in Survey

Dr. John Robert Greene

Paul J. Schupf Professor, History and Humanities

Cazenovia College

By way of introduction
By Way of Introduction…..

  • 30th Year…

  • Bachelor’s and Master’s, St. Bonaventure University

  • Ph.D., Syracuse University

  • 15 books ….articles…presentations

  • Most recent publications--Betty Ford: Candor and Courage in the White House; Profiles of an Era: The George H.W. Bush Presidency; Profiles of an Era: The Nixon/Ford Years

  • Media Pundit--Political Commentary (PBS; MSNBC; C-SPAN; NPR; Ivory Tower Half Hour)

  • Working this summer on: Profiles of an Era: The George W. Bush Presidency, and America in the 1960s

  • Chittenango, NY

1 the nation had stumbled into armed conflict gallman the north fights the civil war 12
1. “Civil War Buff” “The nation had stumbled into armed conflict.” (Gallman, The North Fights the Civil War, 12)

  • The Inevitability Thesis

  • Lincoln and……

2 fort sumter 12 13 april 1861
2. Fort Sumter (12-13 April 1861) “Civil War Buff”

3 a military survey 1861 1863
3. A Military Survey: 1861-1863 “Civil War Buff”

3a on to richmond lincoln s political problems and the first battle of bull run july 16 21 1861
3A.”On to Richmond,” Lincoln’s Political Problems, and the First Battle of Bull Run (July 16-21, 1861)

3e. The Apex of the Marble Man: YorktownApril-December, 1862-The Seven Days Battle (July 1862)-Second Bull Run (August 30, 1862)-Antietam (September 17, 1862)-Fredericksburg (December 11-12, 1862)

3f 1863 vicksburg february july 1863
3f. 1863 YorktownVicksburg (February-July, 1863)

3g 1863 chancellorsville may 1 6 1863 gettysburg july 1 3 1863
3g. 1863 Yorktown-Chancellorsville (May 1-6, 1863)-Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863)

A the growth of the national state or

A. The Growth of the National State…or… Yorktown

…how Salmon P. Chase financed the war.

C the draft

C. The “Draft” Yorktown

“Most soldiers fought because they wanted to; most who wished to avoid service probably succeeded.” (Gallman, 71)

D photographers

D. Photographers Yorktown

Selected Civil War Photographs Home Page

E the emancipation proclamation

E. The Emancipation Proclamation … Yorktown

…as a military measure.

F women in and by the war
F. Women in (and by) the War Yorktown

  • Not Heavy industryTextiles

  • Nursing

    • Dorothea Dix

5 a military survey 1864 1865
5. A Military Survey: Yorktown1864--1865

5a total war
5A. “Total War” Yorktown

  • “Absolute War” (Carl von Clausewicz, On War)

  • James McPherson, Drawn With the Sword:

    • “no distinction between combatants and non-combatants”

5b 1864 grant s assessment of total war 103 the wilderness may 8 21 1864 cold harbor may 30 31 1864
5B. 1864 Yorktown -Grant’s Assessment of “Total War” (103) -The Wilderness (May 8-21, 1864) -Cold Harbor (May 30-31, 1864)

5d 1865 siege of petersburg june 1864 april 1865 april 9 1865 appomattox court house
5D. 1865 Yorktown-Siege of Petersburg (June, 1864-April, 1865)-April 9, 1865—Appomattox Court House

Your thoughts
Your Thoughts. Yorktown

6a the marble monument versus herndon s lincoln
6A. The YorktownMarble Monument versus Herndon’s Lincoln

  • William Herndon, Lincoln: The true Story of a Great Life (1888)

  • Herndon: “Politics were his life” (124)

  • Then….

  • what were his politics?

6B. Lincoln as “Grecian Tragedy” (Richard Hofstadter, YorktownThe American Political tradition and the Men Who Made It, 21)

  • “The greatest of the Lincoln dramatists was Lincoln himself” (Hofstadter, 122)

6d what he was not
6D. What He was NOT. Yorktown

An Abolitionist.

  • Hofstadter: “moderately hostile” to slavery (139)

  • Your View on This?

6e what he might have been but is very debatable
6E. What he MIGHT have been, but is Yorktownvery debatable…

  • …a great military strategist.

6f lincoln s ambition
6F. Lincoln’s Ambition Yorktown

  • A given. BUT..…

  • …one cannot, then, be both humble and successful in politics?

6g he was a westerner
6G. He was a YorktownWesterner.

  • Just like Jackson??

  • Jacksonians—property over liberty

  • Hofstadter—Lincoln's seeing slavery as a “menace to free labor” (153)

6h the gettysburg address and lincoln s view of liberty
6H. The Gettysburg Address and Lincoln's view of Liberty Yorktown

  • Garry Wills, Lincoln at Gettysburg(1992)

  • Wills: “Lincoln was an artist, not just a scholar.” The Gettysburg Address (Library of Congress Exhibition)

6i reconstruction
6I. Reconstruction Yorktown

  • Ten Percent Plan (1863; Lincoln)

  • Versus

  • Wade-Davis Bill (1864; Radical Republicans)

    • Lincoln Pocket Vetoes

    • …and had he lived…..?

Questions? Yorktown