Radio and TV Journalism RTV 303 lecture 6. Mrs. Sarah Amin. Lecture Objectives. The student should be able to: Discuss what quotes are, why they are necessary and how to use them properly. What’s a quote?. A quote is the written form of the words which people have spoken.
Mrs. Sarah Amin
The student should be able to:
Discuss what quotes are, why they are necessary and how to use them properly.
A quote is the written form of the words which people have spoken.
Occasionally it will also apply to words they have written down, perhaps in a book or a press release. In print journalism, quotes are shown surrounded by quotation marks, either single (‘) or double (").
These are sometimes called inverted commas.
The alternative to using a quote is to rewrite the sentence into what we call reported speech.
There are three main reasons why you should use quotes in print journalism:
1-If you repeat the exact words which people themselves used you will reduce the risk of misreporting what they say.
2-When we give a person's exact words our readers can see both the ideas and the way they were presented and show your story is reliable.
3-People often use lively language when they speak. Quotes allow you to put that lively language directly into your story.
Radio journalists should avoid quotes altogether, and television journalists should use them as graphics on the screen.
1-The most important reason for not starting a story with a quote is that a quote itself seldom shows the news value of your story.
2-Starting a news story with a quote produces awkward punctuation. By putting words inside quotation marks, you give readers an extra obstacle to overcome just at the time when you are trying to grab their attention.
3-Beginning with a quote also means that your readers see the quote before they know who has said it. How can they judge the importance of the quote without knowing the speaker?
TAG, COLON, QUOTES, CAPS.
He said: "It is not something I expected."
COMMA, QUOTES, TAG, POINT
"It is not something I expected," he said.
Sgt Ovea said: "I told him, `You are your own worst enemy.'"
Whenever you introduce a new speaker, put the tag before the quote, giving the speaker's title as well, or the reader will assume that the first speaker is still being quoted:
WRONG:Businessman Mr Tom Avua said that trade was lower than last year. "I may have to sell my home to pay off the outstanding debts to the bank," said his partner, Mr Michael Mu.
RIGHT:Businessman Mr Tom Avua said that trade was lower than last year. His partner, Mr Michael Mu, added: "I may have to sell my home to pay off the outstanding debts to the bank."
As in the following example:
The Prime Minister Mr Galea yesterday defended his European tour, saying it was not a "junket".
Scare quotes are usually unnecessary and should only be used if you are confident they are required.
Example: The Minister said he had been misunderstood by some people who thought he had said 'weather' when, in fact, he had said 'whether'.