Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
Trade in Services - Key Concepts -. SADC Workshop on Trade in Services The Hyatt, 12-13 June 2012 firstname.lastname@example.org. The mysterious world of services trade agreements. Tanzania participates in trade in services negotiations at three international fora WTO (GATS)
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
- Key Concepts -
SADC Workshop on Trade in Services
The Hyatt, 12-13 June 2012
SERVICES AT ALL GOVERNMENT LEVELS
and measures affecting air traffic rights)
Cross border supply - Mode 1
into the territory
from territory of
one Member State
in territory of any
other Member State
Consumption abroad - Mode 2
Service supplied in territory
of one Member to the service
consumer of another Member State
in territory of
one Member State
Service Consumer receives
service in territory of supplier
Commercial Presence - Mode 3
Any type of business
Service supplier establishes a
commercial presence in the
territory of another Member State
Natural Persons - Mode 4
Service supplied through
presence of natural
persons in the territory
of another Member State
(elements of Business, Distribution, transport services)
Upon entry into force of this Protocol, with respect to any measure covered by the protocol, each State Party shall accord immediately and unconditionally to services and service suppliers of any other State Party treatment no less favourable than it accords to like services and service suppliers of any other State Party or third country. (Art 4:1)
▪ There is no compulsory system
However, according to SADC Negotiating & Scheduling Guidelines
(a) clear description of sector or subsector is needed
(b) Reference to use of GATS Scheduling Guidelines (S/L/92)
▪ Reference instruments:
- Services Sectoral Classification List (W/120)
- UN Central Product Classification List (CPC)
All restrictions falling under Article 14 must be scheduled, regardless of whether they
- apply pre- or post-entry
- are discriminatory or not.
Quantitative restrictions can be expressed numerically, or through economic needs tests.
Number of suppliers (a)
The number of licenses for cosmetology schools is limited to 48 total licenses
Value of transactions or assets (b)
Foreign banks limited to 30 percent of total domestic assets of all banks
Number of operations or quantity of output (c)
Restrictions on broadcasting time available for foreign films
Number of persons employed (d)
In any artistic production given in a public place, the proportion of national performers shall not be less than 80 %
Specific types of legal entity (e)
Foreign companies are required to establish subsidiaries
Participation of foreign capital (f)
Foreign investors can hold up to 51 % of the capital
(1) Treatment shall be “no less favourable than accorded to own like services and services suppliers”.
(2) … “either formally identical or formally different treatment” …
(3) relevant benchmark: no modification of “the conditions of competition” in favour of own like services or service suppliers.
Discriminatory subsidies and other fiscal measures
Nationality and residency requirements ( mode 3)
Technology transfer requirements
Prohibitions on foreign land/property ownership
Local content requirements
See also S/L/92, Attachment 1
4. Foreign patients undertaking medical treatment in X must pay a special tax.
5. All banks must operate at least 1 branch per region of the country.
6. Qualifications are as follows: certified engineers, or personnel with Bachelor's degree (or above) and three years of experience in these fields.
7. Condition of one year previous residency in order to obtain licence to provide services in residential building and land sales, and other related intermediary services for purchase and sale of real‑estate.
8.All nurses must be registered with the National Association of Nurses.