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New solutions for multimodal carriage and the use of transport documents. Professor Erik Røsæg Nordisk institutt for sjørett erik.rosag@jus.uio.no folk.uio.no/ erikro. Documents – negotiability. The different aspects of negotiability Negotiability = transferability

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new solutions for multimodal carriage and the use of transport documents

New solutions for multimodal carriageand the use of transport documents

Professor Erik Røsæg

Nordisk institutt for sjørett

erik.rosag@jus.uio.no

folk.uio.no/erikro

documents negotiability
Documents – negotiability
  • The different aspects of negotiability
  • Negotiability = transferability
  • Non-negotiable documents
  • Electronic documents
electronic documents
Electronic documents
  • Is there a problem?
  • How it works
  • Signature monopoly
identity of carrier
Identity of carrier
  • Current law
  • The new rule in Art. 37
misdescription e stoppel
Misdescription– estoppel
  • All documents
  • Reliance
misdescription tort liability
Misdescription – tort liability
  • The current law
  • The limitation problem
good faith
Good faith
  • Good faith
  • Duty to cooperate
  • International practice
environment
Environment
  • Rule of interpretation
  • Slow steaming
art 82
Art 82
  • The principle
  • Air carriage
  • Road carriage
  • Rail carriage
  • Inland waterways carriage
art 26
Art 26
  • Similar to CMR Art. 2
  • Only liability, limitation of liability and time limits
  • Hypothetical contracts
  • Localized damage
  • International conventions
  • Scope of the conventions?
multimodal principles
Multimodal principles
  • Restrictive construction of unimodal conventions
  • Parties to determine background law
  • Freedom of contract
  • One transport, one regime
  • The recourse trap
a uniform multimodal document
A uniform multimodal document?
  • The RR documents are generic
  • Certain rules are associated with the documents …
  • but that does not matter if we are outside the scope of the conventions