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United Nations Statistics Division

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    1. United Nations Statistics Division

    2. 2 We will look at: the concepts and definitions used when talking about the information economy. what they mean how they differ from each other how they interact How the new Central Product Classification (CPC v2) relates to these concepts.

    3. 3 Why this presentation? The adaption of new ideas relating to the information economy in ISIC/CPC, has caused substantial changes in these classifications. introduction of new subclasses new concepts used in describing subclasses changes in structure Some conceptual problems in CPC v1.1 (the previous version) and a rapid change in the actual products distinction between original, content and provision services. emerging products

    4. 4 Key concepts The Information Economy ICT Sector Content/Media Sector ICT Products Originals Content Intellectual Property Products

    5. 5 United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD)? Technical Subgroup on on ISIC/CPC Working Party on Indicators for the Information Society (WPIIS)? Voorburg Group (City group on services statistics)? Actors involved

    7. 7 ICT sector defined by aggregating complete ISIC classes according to the following guidelines: Manufacturing: The products of a candidate industry must be intended to fulfil the function of information processing and communication by electronic means, including transmission and display. Services The product of a candidate industry must be intended to enable the function of information processing and communication by electronic means. The ICT sector

    9. 9 It was early recognized that the scope of the information economy ought to be extended beyond that of the ICT sector. Content and media industries are engaged in the production, publishing and/or the electronic distribution of content products. Guidelines for identifying a content or media product: Content corresponds to an organised message intended for human beings published in mass communication media and related media activities. The value of such a product to the consumer does not lie in its tangible qualities but in its information, educational, cultural or entertainment content The content/media sector are industries that create and disseminate mass market information and cultural products; the ICT sector provides the means for doing so. In ISIC 4, all of the content/media sector is contained within ISIC section J: Information and communication The content/media sector

    11. 11 An embodiment of information in some tangible or intangible form, which can be bought and sold. Basically, output of ISIC section J: Information and Communication This section contain the content/media sector and parts of the ICT sector. Information Products

    13. 13 Possible definition: a product coming out of the ICT industry facilitates consistency between product statistics and industry statistics Independent definition: gives criteria for what an ICT product is. Current approach: use the first definition and admit some exceptions. ICT products

    15. 15 The definition and scope is still under discussion Basic idea: products coming out of the content/media sector Major components are: originals content possibly services Content/media products

    17. 17 The output of a intellectual / creative activity may be considered a service or an original When the activity is carried out for another party, a service is being provided. When the output of the creative activity is not carried out for someone else, the output is an original. Originals ??services Originals ??copies This distinction is also made in the SNA. Originals

    18. 18 Examples of intellectual / creative activities writing of manuscripts and other texts audiovisual productions music composition music performance research activities product design activities geological surveys Originals (continued)?

    20. 20 The reproduction, in some form, of an original, regardless of physical media In general, most of the value is in the information content, not the device. A copy of content is a product. The System of National Accounts uses the concept of copies Content

    22. 22 According to the System of National Accounts: Intellectual property products are the result of research, development, investigation or innovation leading to knowledge that the developer can market or use to their own benefit in production because use of the knowledge is restricted by means of legal or other protection. Specific forms mentioned are products from: Research and development Mineral exploration and evaluation Computer software and databases Entertainment, literary or artistic originals Uses the notion of originals and copies Intellectual Property (IP) products

    24. 24 Some of them are neither goods nor services, but IP products and similar products Sections 0-4 for the most part limited to transportable goods classified in the HS. These intangible goods have therefore been classified in section 5-9, close to the services that are outputs of the same ISIC industries as the intangible goods. Content/media products in the CPC?

    25. 25 Originals Close to the related services, found in part 5-9 Content Content on physical media: in the related products found in part 0-4. Content not on physical media (downloadable) - 843 group: On-line content Content/media products in the CPC? (continued)?

    26. 26 New detail added for information products Books software audio/video tapes CPC v2 sometimes goes beyond HS in detail. Pre-existing products

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    35. 35 UNSD and WPIIS working on an alternative aggregate for ICT products and content/media products. The development of this aggregate should not influence the publishing date of the CPC v2. Next steps