3.02A Introduction to Web Development and Standards 3.02 Develop webpages..
Introduction to Web Development • Webpage – a document stored on a web server which can be accessed and viewed using a web browser on a computer or mobile device. • It can contain: • Graphics, audio and video. • Hyperlinks to other documents on the World Wide Web. • Website – a collection of related webpages.
Purpose of a Website • A website is developed to build a relationship with a target audience and are created for the following reasons: • Sell – to sell products or services. • Advertises and/or demonstrates a product or service. • Provides customer support. • Often includes a database (or catalog) of products and services. • Examples: • Microsoft • Nike • http://www.michebag.com • Inform - provides information about a cause, event or organization and may provide tutorials or demonstrations. • Examples: • www.ncpublicschools.org • http://schoolcenter.gcsnc.com/nwhs • www.cnn.com
Purposeof a Website • Entertain – provides information or links to movies, music, magazines, etc. • Examples: • www.itunes.com • www.imdb.com • Social – provides a network where people can interact online. • Examples: • www.facebook.com • Blogs • Wikis • Hybrid – a combination of any of the above. • Examples • www.ebay.com • www.petfinder.com • www.youtube.com
What are web standards? • Basic set of guidelines for authoring languages used to make webpages. • Developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
What is the W3C? • The W3C is a member organization. Some well known members include: • IBM • Microsoft • America Online • Apple • Adobe • Sun Microsystems
The W3C and Web Standards • The W3C is working to make the web accessible to all users regardless of differences in: • Culture • Education • Ability • Resources • Physical Limitations
Advantages of Web Standards • Helps ensure webpages display consistently in all browsers. • Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, and other browsers display the website exactly the same way. • Faster website development. • Faster downloading of websites.
Advantages of Web Standards continued • Equal access to information. • Differences in browser and/or operating system versions do not limit the user’s access to the site. • Differences in hardware do not limit the user’s access to the site. • Computer • PDA • Cell phone
Section 508 Amendment to the Rehabilitation Act states that US Federal agencies must provide: Equal access to and use of information on their websites for individuals and employees with disabilities. The information must be comparable to that provided to individuals and employees without disabilities. Applies ONLY to the United States. United States Website Accessibility Legislation