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The Historical Background of. W.E.Duboise. American Scholar and Activist and Founder of the NAACP. Harlem in the 20’s and 30’s Was the Center of an Intellectual and Cultural Movement. The Harlem Renaissance. Residents were well off financially

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w e duboise

American Scholar and Activist and

Founder of the NAACP

harlem in the 20 s and 30 s was the center of an intellectual and cultural movement
Harlem in the 20’s and 30’sWas the Center of an Intellectual and Cultural Movement.
the harlem renaissance
The Harlem Renaissance
  • Residents were well off financially
  • They supported Churches like The African Methodist Episcopal Zion
  • Newpapers: “The Messenger”
  • Magazines: “Crisis”
  • People were social
  • Clubs like the Cotton Club, Savoy and Apollo Theatre were known as first class entertainment.
bill bojangles robinson
Bill “Bojangles” Robinson
  • Great Tap Dancer
  • King of Harlem
tons of culture
Tons of Culture
  • Writers: Langston Hughes
  • Artists: Jacob Lawrence
  • Musicians: Fats Waller and Duke Ellington
  • All contributed to this incredible creative time.
over the next 20 years 1960 s
Over the Next 20 Years: 1960’s
  • Housing conditions deteriorated
  • There were extensive slums
  • The middle class left for suburban areas like Queens
  • It’s an impoverished Harlem that children have to grow up in.

African Americans struggled with the question of trying to live with whites or separating from them. Marcus Garvey led one of the first popular black nationalist movements

dominating the nationalist scene in harlem in the 1960 s
Dominating the Nationalist SceneIn Harlem in the 1960’s
  • Malcolm X
  • Started the Organization of Afro-American Unity
  • Believed in Elijah Muhammad’s Nation of Islam
these teachings were also at the time of dr martin luther king jr
These Teachings were also at the time of : Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
  • King Taught : A Peaceful integration
race is complicated during this time period
Race is complicated during this time period
  • There is white racism against blacks
  • Racial slurs by blacks against blacks
  • Racial slurs against Jews. (Remember this is only 15-20 years after WWII)
as you read watch for these racial issues
As You Read Watch for These Racial Issues:
  • The Poverty of Harlem
  • Racism
  • Black Nationalism
  • Importance of Black Churches
  • Integration
  • Movement of Middle Class Blacks Out of Harlem.