Essential Question: Why did the Americans create the Articles of Confederation & what problems did the Articles present? Warm-Up Question: What major decisions did the new American nation have to answer after winning the war for independence?.
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Blacks demanded the right to freedom in petitions & lawsuits
States abolished “feudal” laws of primogeniture & entail
Many states lowered property qualifications to vote; but none offered universal male suffrage
Franklin, Jay, Hamilton founded abolition societies; Washington manumitted his slaves
Most states clearly separated church & state
VT, PA, MA abolished slavery
Some Southern slave owners privately freed their slaves
“Republican Motherhood”—mothers should instill virtue in their children
Took greater control over family farms & businesses
Lots of references to the “Spirit of ‘76”
World War I propaganda poster
In 1776, the American Revolution has just started; The colonists did not wait to gain British recognition of their independence before creating new governments!
How “democratic” are these new state gov’ts?
Civic virtue is now a necessity
Each states was treated as a pseudo-nation
Too similar to a monarch
The Articles were created to loosely tie the states together
The colonies were loosely joined to address common problems
"each State retains its sovereignty, freedom and independence, and every power...which is not... expressly delegated to the United States.…"
The USA in the “Critical Period”
With the new gov’t finally ratified in 1781, Congress created the Departments of War, Foreign Affairs, & Finance
Because of the 1785 & 1787 ordinances, the Northwest territories were well organized & orderly
Prospectors poured into Kentucky & Tennessee
By 1790, the region was plagued by land claims & counterclaims that generated lawsuits for years
The USA in 1787
Territories south of the Ohio River received less attention from Congress