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Using the Spanish Subjunctive

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  1. Using the Spanish Subjunctive

  2. In order to know when to use the Subjunctive in Spanish, we can remember the word WEIRDO.

  3. First, you should understand that the subjunctive ordinarily does not occur by itself. The subjunctive occurs after certain other verbs, called WEIRDO verbs.

  4. Here Is How It Works Queremosqueustedesvengana la fiesta. Ella esperaquetodossaquenbuenasnotas. Insistoen que me escuches. The first verb (in pink) Forces the second verb (in blue) into the subjunctive There are two verbs in each sentence

  5. Here Is How It Works Queremosqueustedesvengana la fiesta. Ella esperaquetodossaquenbuenasnotas. Insistoen que me escuches. PRO TIP The Subjunctive comes after the word QUE The first verb (in pink) Forces the second verb (in blue) into the subjunctive

  6. Here Is How It Works Queremosqueustedesvengan a la fiesta. Ella esperaquetodossaquenbuenasnotas. Insisto en queme escuches. PRO TIP The Subjunctive comes after the word QUE

  7. Here are the WEIRDO Verbs:

  8. W is for Wishes & Wants Wishes and Wants are expressed by a number of verbs in Spanish, but here are some of the most common: Quererto want Necesitarto need Esperarto wait Pedirto ask for Desearto desire Preferirto prefer Exigirto demand Mandarto order Insistirto insist

  9. W is for Wishes & Wants • Ana esperaquesunovio la invitea cenar. • Yoprefieroquellamesdespués de lasnueve. • Nadiequiereque los pobressufran.

  10. W is for Wishes & Wants • Ana esperaquesunovio la invitea cenar. • Yoprefieroquellamesdespués de lasnueve. • Nadiequiereque los pobressufran.

  11. E is for Emotions Here are some emotion verbs in Spanish: Alegrarseto be happy Sentirto feel Encantarto be delighted Temerto fear Enojarseto be angry Gustarto like Sorprenderto surpriseLamentarto regret Tenermiedoto be afraid You can also use Estar + emotion adjectives Estarcontento, alegre, triste, desilusionado, etc.

  12. E is for Emotions • Yoesotyalegreque Laura no tengaproblemas. • ¿Tegustaqueellostraiganla música? • La Sra. Gallejosientequetodos no participen.

  13. I is for Impersonal Expressions Es + adjective phrases are known as impersonal expressions. There are hundreds of them, but here are a few common ones: EsbuenoEsmaloEscuriosoit is good it is bad it is curious EsnecesarioEstristeEsimportante it is necessary it is sad it is important

  14. I is for Impersonal Expressions • Esimportantequeprestesatención. • Esnecesarioquese portenbien en la escuela. • Esraroque Elena no quieraexplicar.

  15. R is for Recommendations R is for recommendations, requirements, and requests. Here are some of these verbs: Decirto tell Prohibirto prohibit Rogarto beg Exigirto demand Desearto desire Suplicarto plead Sugerirto suggest Hacerto make / force Recomendarto recommend

  16. R is for Recommendations • ¿Recomiendasqueyocomprela bicicleta? • Yosugieroqueustedesmirenesapelícula. • La profesoradigaquehagamosun proyecto.

  17. D is for Doubt & Denial R is for recommendations, requirements, and requests. Here are some of these verbs: Dudarto doubt Negarto deny No creerto not believe No pensarto not think No estarseguroto not be sure No suponer to suppose not

  18. D is for Doubt & Denial • Yodudoque Marcos vengaa tiempo. • Amanda niegaquesalgacon Mario. • Nosotros no pensamosqueelloshaganlas paces.

  19. O is for Ojalá Ojalá is a Spanish expression which means I wish, I hope, or It would be nice. It comes from Arabic originally where it meant “May God grant.” Others – As you continue your study of Spanish, you will learn more ways that the subjunctive can be used.

  20. O is for Ojalá • Ojaláquehagasol. • Ojaláquetengamossuficientetiempo. • Ojaláquehayasillas.

  21. REVIEW W E I R D O

  22. REVIEW W Wishes and Wants

  23. E Emotions

  24. I Impersonal Expressions

  25. R Recommendations Requests Requirements

  26. D Doubts and Denials

  27. O Ojalá

  28. I M P O R T A N T E The word que holds everything together. Necesitoquetúescuchesbien. The first verb (in pink) is the WEIRDO verb. The second verb (in blue) is in the subjunctive

  29. Adiós

  30. I hope you enjoy this Power Point presentation about WEIRDO verbs and how they work in sentences with the subjunctive.Feel free to copy this presentation and to share it with your students and your colleagues. If you like it, I invite you to visit my blogand please consider supporting me at my Teachers Pay Teachers store.¡Ojaláquenosencontremos de nuevo, amigos!All the best, --Anne Karakash • http://confesionesyrealidades.blogspot.com/ • Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike CC BY-NC-SA