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The Acculturation Process. Life in the United States. The Stages of Cultural Adjustment. The Four Stages of Adjustment: 1 st The Honeymoon Phase: marked by feelings of idealism and optimism

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The Acculturation Process

Life in the United States

the stages of cultural adjustment
The Stages of Cultural Adjustment

The Four Stages of Adjustment:

1stThe Honeymoon Phase: marked by feelings of idealism and optimism

2ndThe Hostility Phase: marked by feelings of frustration, confusion, and discontent; often times feeling as if one does not belong

3rdThe Humor Phase: marked by a period of reflection upon previous experiences and the ability to laugh at one’s own confusion

4thThe Home Phase: marked by feelings of belonging and renewed feelings of optimism

why is acculturation so hard
Why is acculturation so hard?

Adjusting to a new culture is often a very difficult and frustrating experience . The difficulty of this adjustment is due in no small part to the dynamic nature of culture.

It is important to understand the characteristics of culture in order to understand why it can be so overwhelming at times.

  • Culture development stems from environmental factors.
  • Culture binds a group of people together (norms, values, etc.)
  • Culture is dynamic in nature.
the elements of culture
The Elements of Culture

Culture can be divided into two distinct parts:

Surface Culture Deep Culture

elements of surface culture
Elements of Surface Culture







elements of deep culture
Elements of Deep Culture



Concepts of Time

Courtship and Marriage


Family Ties

Health and Medicine

Folk Myths

Gestures and Kinesics

Grooming and Presence



Rewards and Privileges

Rights and Duties


Sex Roles

Space and Proxemics




analogy culture is like an iceberg
Analogy: Culture is like an iceberg

Surface Culture

Deep Culture

the missing ingredient language
The missing ingredient: Language

Language is an essential element of both surface and deep culture.

As an element of surface culture, language easily distinguishes one group of people from another.

As an element of deep culture, language is a reflection of multiple elements (e.g. Precedence, Ceremony, Values, etc.)

language learning opportunities
Language Learning Opportunities

Hillsborough County Public Schools offers a wide array of English language learning opportunities at no cost.

Adult and Community Education programs offer ESL classes both day and night.

C.A.R.I.B.E .offers educational opportunites, including ESL classes to refugees from Cuba and Haiti .

The Literacy and Acculturation Center provides Sed de Saber training and parent units to school sites throughout the district.

Additionally, community and faith-based providers like the Family Resource Centers and Catholic Charities provide ESL classes.

assimilation vs acculturation
Assimilation vs. Acculturation

Assimilation into a new culture takes a relatively long time, generally multiple generations.

Acculturation is the initial step towards assimilation; it is the blending of two sets of cultural norms in order to participate and live in the new culture. During this process it is important to be patient with oneself and seek assistance and guidance whenever possible.

For additional information.

please contact :

Office of Programs for English Language Learners

(813) 273-7511


The Literacy and Acculturation Center

(813) 873-4779