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The Confederation Era. Chapter 7 - Section 1. What were the “New State Governments”. After declaring independence each state had to create its own state government All states had a republican form of government some states included a Bill of Rights in their Constitution. Republic.

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the confederation era

The Confederation Era

Chapter 7 - Section 1

what were the new state governments
What were the “New State Governments”
  • After declaring independence each state had to create its own state government
  • All states had a republican form of government
  • some states included a Bill of Rights in their Constitution

arepublic form of government is based on the “rule of law”

arepublic form of government is created to protect citizens’ rights

  • In arepublicthe people choose representatives to govern them
what were the articles of confederation
What were “The Articles of Confederation”
  • 1776- Congress begins to develop a national government
  • it was agreed that it should be a republic
the articles of confederation
“The Articles of Confederation”
  • Continental Congress arrives at afinal plan, called
  • The Articles of Confederation
the articles of confederation6
“The Articles of Confederation”
  • National government was
  • A one branch government
  • The Confederation Congress
  • Each state hadonevote

Delegated powers:

powers given to the national


From State governments

the articles of confederation8
“The Articles of Confederation”

National government hadfewpowersdelegatedto it.

*Powers to:

declare war

make peace

sign treaties

issue money

the articles of confederation10
“The Articles of Confederation”

Most important powers under the Articleswerereservedby the state

Included were authority to


enforce national laws

the articles of confederation11
“The Articles of Confederation”
  • disagreed
  • Who should control the lands west of the Appalachian Mountains
  • national governmentor thestate
the articles of confederation12
“The Articles of Confederation”
  • Articles of Confederation were passed in Nov. 1777
  • Sent to states for ratification
  • Eight states ratified it by July of 1778
the articles of confederation13
“The Articles of Confederation”

Small states with no claims

on western land

refused to sign

These states believed

it gave states with western

lands an unfair advantage

the articles of confederation14
“The Articles of Confederation”
  • finally all western lands were turned over the National government
  • small states then ratified the Article
  • *1781 Maryland was 13th and finale state to ratifyThe Articles of Confederation
what was the northwest ordinance
What wasThe Northwest Ordinance?
  • Articles of Confederation said nothing about admitting new states
  • nor
  • what to do with the Western lands it now controlled
the articles of confederation16
The Articles of Confederation
  • To deal with process of admitting states Congress passed
  • TWO laws
  • 1. - Land Ordinance of 1785
  • 2. -The Northwest Ordinance
land ordinance of 1785
Land Ordinance of 1785
  • *1st - Land Ordinance of 1785
  • set up system for settling the Northwest Territory
land ordinance of 178518
Land Ordinance of 1785
  • divided into townships
  • Township would have 36 sections
  • (section = 1 square mile or 640 acres)
Congress plan to sell section to settlers for $640.
  • 1 section in every township would be for public schools
the northwest ordinance
The Northwest Ordinance

provided a way to admit new state


set a pattern for the orderlygrowth


The United States

the northwest ordinance21
The Northwest Ordinance

When settlers # 60,000 free settlers in a territory it could apply to Congress for statehood

New state would be =to all original states in every way

the northwest ordinance22
The Northwest Ordinance
  • outlawed slavery in the new territory
the northwest ordinance23
The Northwest Ordinance
  • said region was to be
  • divided into

3 to 5 separate territories

in future

the northwest ordinance24
The Northwest Ordinance
  • FIVEstates carved from

Northwest Territories

  • Ohio,
  • Indiana,
  • Illinois
  • Wisconsin
  • Michigan,
the northwest ordinance25


  • The Articles of Confederation
what were the weaknesses of the articles
What were theWeaknesses of the Articles?
  • *1.Notaxing power
  • Congress couldrequest$from states butcould not requireStates to pay taxes.
  • So few did.
weaknesses of the articles
Weaknesses of the Articles
  • *2.Inflation
  • Continental Congress had issued paper dollars to pay its war debt
  • The paper dollars were not backed by gold or silver
  • It took 40 paper dollars to equal 1 silver dollar
  • $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
  • TheContinental dollarwas worthless
  • Worthless
  • Worthless
weaknesses of the articles30
Weaknesses of the Articles
  • *3.Tariff Wars
  • a state would charge its rival state a tariff on goods that were imported from that rival state
  • Tariff
  • tax on imported goods
weaknesses of the articles31
Weaknesses of the Articles

Quarreling Among the States

*4.NO!court system

where states could settle disagreements

weaknesses of the articles32
Weaknesses of the Articles
  • * 5.Foreign Affairs in Shambles
  • Each state haddifferent trade

regulation which made it difficultfor

foreign countries to trade

weaknesses of the articles33
Weaknesses of the Articles
  • *6.Foreign countries distrusted

the Confederation

  • WHY????
  • The Confederation hadno controlofthe purse stringsto back its agreements.
what was shays rebellion
What wasShays’ Rebellion?
  • Farmers Revolt
  • * After Revolution US suffers aneconomicdepression(E.D.)
  • (business activity slows, prices & wages fall, & unemployment rises)

*Economic depression (E.D.)

  • business activity slows, prices & wages fall, & unemployment rises
shays rebellion37
Shays’ Rebellion
  • Farmers hit hard by E.D.
  • During war demand for food high ↑
  • To produce more food farmers borrow $ for land, seed, animals, and tools
shays rebellion38
Shays’ Rebellion
  • War ends demand falls ↓
  • Farmerscan not payloans
  • Massachusetts farmers hurt more whenstate raises their taxes
shays rebellion39
Shays’ Rebellion
  • Courts took farms
  • when loans or taxes weren’t paid
  • Farmers protest
shays rebellion41
Shays’ Rebellion
  • 1786 Shays’ Rebellion
  • Daniel Shayswas Mass. Farmer (fought at Bunker Hill) tries to save his farm
shays rebellion42
Shays’ Rebellion
  • raises2000 farmers
  • attack courthousesto prevent sale of property as payment for debt
shay s rebellion44
Shay’s Rebellion
  • *Massachusetts legislaturesentmilitiaout to drive them off this ends the Rebellion
shay s rebellion45
Shay’s Rebellion
  • * 7.Shays’ Rebellionviewed as a sign thattheArticles of Confederationdid notwork
  • (TOO Weak)
shay s rebellion46
Shay’s Rebellion
  • TheConfederation governmenthad been
  • too weak
  • to respond to
  • Shay’s Rebellion
shay s rebellion47
Shay’s Rebellion
  • Leaders from several states called for a convention torevisetheArticles of Confederation
  • Gather in Philadelphia 1787