Option 4: Outdoor Recreation. - What is the Value of outdoor recreation? - What are the technical skills and understanding needed for safe participation in outdoor recreation? - what impact does group dynamics have on the outdoor experience?. What is the Value of outdoor recreation?.
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- What is the Value of outdoor recreation?- What are the technical skills and understanding needed for safe participation in outdoor recreation? - what impact does group dynamics have on the outdoor experience?
Summary of Content:
- stress management/relaxation
- enjoyment, challenge and excitement
- social interaction
- appreciation on the environment
- health and fitness
Complete the activity on page 96-97 of your exercise booklets.
Stress Management and Relaxation
Feelings of anxiety and stress are increasingly common in society today. Some of the reasons for these feelings include:
Outdoor recreation can be an avenue to alleviate stress and anxiety caused by everyday life. It is seen as an escape from a regular routine and gives a person the opportunity to ‘re-create’ themselves. Outdoor recreation can promote feelings of relaxation or excitement that distracts people from the stress in their lives.
Enjoyment, challenge and excitement
Activity (complete in your book)
Individuals choose activities according to their needs, personality and lifestyle. Some people enjoy the opportunities for social interaction that outdoor recreation can bring.
It can join friends with similar interest together and allow people to make new friends in the process of participating.
In contrast, other people prefer to escape crowds and seek out isolated wilderness areas. For these people, solace and isolation can be a valuable spiritual experience.
Appreciation of the Environment
The Australian environment offers some of the world’s most spectacular and varied scenery, including alpine, tropical, desert and coastal landscapes.
Individuals and communities do not have to venture far from home to enjoy and appreciate some magnificent natural environmental settings.
Participation in outdoor recreation can be an avenue that allows individuals to immerse themselves in the natural world.
Activity: Complete in your exercise book
Health and Fitness
Many outdoor recreation pursuits involve physical activity and can contribute to the development and maintenance of fitness.
The components of fitness developed vary depending on the activity chosen.
E.g. Cross country skiing is
an excellent aerobic activity.
In contrast rock climbing and
canoeing develop muscular endurance.
Fitness requirements for many outdoor
recreational activities are quiet specific.
Whilst regular involvement in sport and
fitness activities is beneficial for general
conditioning, it may not be adequate to
prepare for specialised activities such as
a hard bushwalk carrying a heavy backpack
over several days.
Draw the table below in your exercise books, discuss and fill in the relevant information.
Activity: Page 100 of your Work Booklets
Research the Duke of Edinburgh Award Program. Complete the table that outlines the requirements of each award and answer the questions that follow. http://www.dukeofed.com.au/
Research three types of outdoor recreational activities. Complete the table on page 102 of your Work Booklet using information from your research:
Summary of Content
- environment planning
- emergency management planning
- food and water considerations
- resources for safe participation
- legal and administrative requirements
- geographic, environment & climatic considerations
- establishing the campsite
- tree fall evacuation
- ‘leave no trace’ camping
- minimal impact practices
- ethical issues
- map reading
- grid bearing
- magnetic bearing
- true north
- measuring distance
- natural navigation
- wilderness first aid
- what to do when you are lost
- bushfire procedures, lightning, flooded rivers
- canoeing/kayaking skills
- abseiling skills
Planning for environmental hazards depends on the activity being undertaken and the venue chosen.
It is important that the venue is suitable for the ability level of the participants and that some members of the group have prior experience in the area.
Case Study: Caving Tragedy
Expeditions in the outdoors are often delayed by poor weather. In some situations, groups are advised to stay where they are, rather than attempted to keep going in very poor conditions. Of course, it is important to be dry, have shelter and sufficient provisions. The following tragic story illustrates how poor weather conditions, combined with poor decision making can be fatal.
A party of students and teachers became stranded in a cave after heavy rain raised water levels in the cave. The group was delayed and began to worry about their families and the authorities, who would be anxious and waiting for their arrival. Two people decided to get out of the cave to communicate the situation while the others remained in the high part of the cave. Tragically, the two who left the main party drowned as they tried to get out. The rest of the party survived and were rescued.
COMPLETE THE QUESTIONS ON THE FOLLOWING SLIDE
Emergency Management Planning
Many outdoor recreational activities involve elements of risk. While the risks involved often make the activity more appealing and challenging, it is important that participants ensure that risks taken are controlled or calculated and individual needs and abilities within the group are considered.
With this in mind, the level of danger associated with an activity can be significantly minimised through effective emergency management planning. This can take many forms and may include such things as:
- departure and return times
- suitability of the activity for the skill level of participants
- route to be taken and escape routes
- legal consent forms
- first aid considerations
- procedures for emergency situations
Food and Water Considerations
The length and type of the expedition, possible weather conditions and the season will determine the consideration given to food and water.
Most humans can live for up to three weeks without food, but will survive only 1-3 days without water. E.g. If the temperature is 20 degrees Celsius, a person would need 1.2L of water if resting in the shade, whereas if the temperature was 30 degrees Celsius the need for water increases to 2.5L.
At least one day’s supply of emergency food should be carried for most expeditions, more should be taken for extended trips.
Legal and Administrative Requirements
Expeditions may involve travel on private land or in national parks. Participants need to consider the following:
Resources for Safe Participation
The choices made about the clothing and equipment taken on an expedition can save lives. Equipment needs vary depending on the expedition undertaken.
In general, outdoor recreational activities demand lightweight, durable equipment and clothing that can protect you from environmental conditions.
Complete the activities on pages 105-109 of your work booklet.
Geographical, Environmental & Climatic Considerations
The following should be considered :
- is the adequate water nearby?
- is the site at least four metres above the river bank in case of heavy rain?
- ensure the ground is flat and free from sticks, stones, animal nests and burrows and is not in a drainage area.
- what is the surface of the ground? Grass, sand, clay?
- are there fire bans in operation? If not, is there wood? Is an existing fire place available?
- fires are not permitted in many areas that are sensitive; e.g. Alpine regions or in heavily used areas.
- are there toilet facilities? If not are there suitable private places for people to use?
- can you successfully set up a latrine?
- position the toilet area well away from the water supply and down wind to prevent contamination and unpleasant odours.
- Carry out everything that is carried in. This includes food scraps.
- Does the site provide shelter from the prevailing winds? Do you get sun or shade, sun should be aimed for in the morning to get the group up and going whilst shade is more ideal in the afternoon to provide some relief from the heat of the day.
- Swampy areas that attract mosquitoes, cliffs, dead trees, falling rocks and mine shafts.
Complete the activity on page 110 of your Work Booklet.
Establishing the Campsite
How to put up a tent:
Clearing the site
Laying a tarp
Laying the tent
Support poles for the tent
Threading the support poles
Raising the tent
Pegging the tent down
Putting the waterproof fly on your tent
How not to put up a tent:
Poor Tent Attempt