national park service western energy summit january 21 23 2003 phoenix arizona
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
National Park Service Western Energy Summit January 21-23, 2003 Phoenix, Arizona

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 69

National Park Service Western Energy Summit January 21-23, 2003 Phoenix, Arizona - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

National Park Service Western Energy Summit January 21-23, 2003 Phoenix, Arizona. Session 4: Leading by Example: What Can We Do Within Our Boundaries to Promote Environmental and Energy Conservation Goals?. Leading by Example Speakers. Green Energy Parks Program

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'National Park Service Western Energy Summit January 21-23, 2003 Phoenix, Arizona' - teneil

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
national park service western energy summit january 21 23 2003 phoenix arizona

National Park ServiceWestern Energy SummitJanuary 21-23, 2003Phoenix, Arizona

Session 4: Leading by Example:What Can We Do Within Our Boundaries to Promote Environmental and Energy Conservation Goals?

leading by example speakers
Leading by ExampleSpeakers
  • Green Energy Parks Program

Terry Brennan Coordinator of the Green Energy Parks Program NPS-WASO, [email protected]

  • Regional Perspective

Steve Butterworth Regional Energy Program Coordinator NPS-PWR, [email protected]

  • DOE Perspective, Support &Tools

Sara Farrar-Nagy Senior Project Leader, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, [email protected]

green energy parks
Green Energy Parks

MOU signed April 27, 1999

green energy parks overview
Green Energy ParksOverview

A joint program of

  • Department of Interior (DOI) National Park Service (NPS)
  • Department of Energy (DOE)
    • Federal Energy Management Program
    • Biofuels Program
    • Clean Cities (alternative fuel vehicles)
green energy parks overview1
Green Energy ParksOverview

Promotes the use of

  • energy-efficient practices
  • renewable energy technologies
  • alternative fuels

throughout national park facilities and transportation systems

green energy parks goals
Green Energy ParksGoals

1. Use energy-efficiency, renewable energy, alternative fuels and other energy management strategies to save taxpayer dollars, reduce air and noise pollution, and reduce green house gases

green energy parks goals1
Green Energy ParksGoals

2. Use clean energy technologies and interpretation to educate park visitors about the ability of clean energy technologies to mitigate the impacts of pollution and climate change on natural and cultural resources

green energy parks goals2
Green Energy ParksGoals

3. Enhance the visitor experience through pollution reduction and interpretive displays on clean energy practices and technologies

green energy parks specific objectives
Green Energy ParksSpecific Objectives

1. Reduce energy use in Park Service buildings by 30% (compared to 1985 usage)

green energy parks specific objectives1
Green Energy ParksSpecific Objectives

2. Evaluate all remote-site diesel generators and develop a plan for replacing generators, where feasible, with renewable energy technologies, biofuels or less-polluting alternative fuels

green energy parks specific objectives2
Green Energy ParksSpecific Objectives

3. Increase by 50% the use of alternative fuels in the NPS motor vehicle fleet (over 1998 usage)

green energy parks guiding principles
Green Energy ParksGuiding Principles
  • Every NPS site is eligible through a competitive funding process, to receive technical and financial assistance to support implementation
  • Most projects implement commercially viable energy-efficiency, renewable energy or alternative fuel technologies that are cost effective (by life-cycle analysis)
  • Projects can demonstrate new or emerging alternative energy technologies
  • Projects should have an accompanying education component for the message to reach visitors
green energy parks partners
Green Energy ParksPartners
  • Propane Education and Research Council
  • National Park Foundation
  • National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA)
  • Army Core of Engineers (fuel cells)
  • University-National Park Energy Partnership Program (UNPEPP)
green energy parks university national park energy partnership
Green Energy ParksUniversity-National Park Energy Partnership
  • National program providing energy services to the Parks and real-world problem-solving opportunities to university students
  • Support National Parks to meet energy needs cost-effectively
green energy parks university national park energy partnership1
Green Energy ParksUniversity-National Park Energy Partnership
  • Developed by James Madison University (JMU), National Park Service, and DOE
  • Initial pilot project between JMU and Shenandoah National Park in 1997-98
  • Now in 6th year at Rochester Institute of Technology
  • Over 20 partnership projects
green energy parks university national park energy partnership2
Green Energy ParksUniversity-National Park Energy Partnership
  • Grants
    • Typically fund student and faculty time (plus equipment)
    • $10-20k per partnership (2-3 students for a summer)
  • MOU identifies partnership, work expectations
  • Projects have included
  • energy audits
  • solar power design analysis
  • fuel cell feasibility studies
  • PV installation
  • utility bill analysis
  • energy data collection
green energy parks university national park energy partnership3
Green Energy ParksUniversity-National Park Energy Partnership

Humboldt State – Redwood NP

  • Wolf Creek Outdoor School Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Design Project
  • Students conducted energy audit and solar energy design work
green energy parks university national park energy partnership4
Green Energy ParksUniversity-National Park Energy Partnership

South Dakota State University – Yellowstone NP

  • Students designed and installed PV system at Lewis Lake Campground
green energy parks project opportunities
Green Energy ParksProject Opportunities
  • 180 projects with $5 million of combined NPS and DOE funds
    • Facility Projects:

Hardware, Technical Assistance, and Audits

    • Transportation Projects:

Biofuels and Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Vehicles

  • PMIS Project Identification for Funding
    • Emphasis Area: “Green Energy Parks”
    • Funding Source: “Fee Demo” or “DOE Reimbursable”
green energy parks publications
Green Energy ParksPublications
  • Lighting Retrofit Workbook

A Practical "How To" Guide for the National Park Service Visitor Centers, by LBNL

  • Technology guide under development
green energy parks for more information
Green Energy ParksFor more information

Park-by-park summary case studies and Green Toolbox


Includes additional information about energy related projects


Program overview, opportunities, and additional case studies

green energy doe perspective support and tools

Green Energy: DOE Perspective, Support, and Tools

Solar Decathlon

Washington, D.C.

September 19 - October 9, 2002

  • Department of Energy (DOE) Programs
    • Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)
    • Clean Cities
    • Biofuels
    • Biomass
    • High Performance Buildings
  • Case Studies in the Parks
femp s mission
FEMP’s Mission

FEMP works to reduce the cost and environmental impact of government by:

  • Advancing energy efficiency and water conservation
  • Promoting the use of distributed and renewable energy
  • Improving utility management decisions at Federal sites
legislative history executive directives
Legislative History / Executive Directives
  • Energy Policy and Conservation Act (1975)
  • DOE Organization Act (1977)
  • National Energy Conservation Policy Act (1978)
  • Federal Energy Management Improvement Act (1988)
  • Executive Order 12759 (1991)
  • Energy Policy Act (1992)
  • Executive Order 12902 (1994)
  • Executive Order 13123 (1999)
  • Executive Order 13221 (2001)
federal energy snapshot
Federal Energy Snapshot

$9.6 billion Federal annual energy bill

  • 500,000 facilities with 3 billion square feet of space
    • Buildings: $3.9 billion
    • Energy Intensive Operations: $0.6 billion
    • Exempt Buildings: $0.4 billion
  • Vehicles & Equipment: $4.6 billion
federal energy management goals
Federal Energy Management Goals
  • Reduce energy consumption
    • Facility energy per square foot to be reduced by 30% in 2005 and 35% in 2010 relative to 1985
    • Purchase energy efficient products including those that use minimal stand-by power
  • Expand use of renewable energy
    • 2.5% of Federal facility electricity consumption by 2005
    • 2,000 solar energy systems by 2000; 20,000 by 2010
  • Implement best management practices for water conservation in 80% of Federal facilities by 2010
  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions 30% by 2010 compared to 1990
progress to date




10% Goal - 1995 (NECPA)

125,0 00

Actual Energy Use



Btu per Square Foot

20% Goal - 2000 (EPACT)


23.0% Reduction, 2001(Preliminary Data)



30% Goal - 2005

(EO 12902)



35% Goal - 2010

(EO 13123)
















Progress to Date

Preliminary FY 2001 data indicates the Federal Government exceeded the FY 2000 goal by 3%

  • In real dollars, the Government spent $1.4 billion less for energy in its buildings in FY01 compared to FY85
  • Approximately half of these savings are from energy improvements
  • 23% reduction is based on Btu/sf

Standard Building Energy Reduction Goals

tailoring services to meet customer s needs


Tailoring Services to Meet Customer’s Needs




Maintenance,& Operations






& Load




FEMP’s Portfolio of Services




femp technical assistance
FEMP Technical Assistance
  • Programs
    • Design Assistance
      • Renewable Energy Projects
      • Energy and Water Efficiency
      • New Building Design
    • Distributed Energy Resources (DER)
    • Renewable / Green Power Purchasing
    • SAVEnergy Audits
    • O&M, Water Best Management Practices
    • Industrial Facilities, Labs21
femp technical assistance1
FEMP Technical Assistance
  • Goal: To assist Federal agencies implement projects by overcoming technical obstacles
  • FEMP offers:
    • Opportunity Assessments & Audits
    • Feasibility Studies
    • Financing Strategies
    • Technical Specifications
    • Proposal Reviews & Support in Negotiation
    • Design Review
    • Acceptance Testing
femp calls for projects
FEMP - Calls for Projects
  • Annual TA “Call for Projects”
    • Includes Renewable Energy, Design Assistance, Water Efficiency, Operation & Maintenance, and more
  • Also separate annual DER “Call for Projects”
  • FEMP selects and funds projects best meeting predetermined criteria
  • Watch the FEMP web site for more information:
femp renewable projects
FEMP – Renewable Projects

Projects can include:

  • Low energy design in buildings
  • Solar water and air heating
  • Photovoltaics
  • Wind
  • Geothermal heat pumps or geothermal heating and cooling
  • On-site biomass electricity and thermal generation
renewable power purchasing
Renewable Power Purchasing

FEMP supports Federal agencies to procure utility power from renewable sources

Contact: Chandra Shah 303-384-7557

femp savenergy audits
FEMP SAVEnergy Audits
  • Audit Types
    • Energy Efficiency Survey
    • Water Conservation Survey
  • Park Service Status
    • SAVEnergy Audits conducted at 50 NPS sites during 1995-2002 (35 in Western Parks)
  • How to apply
    • FEMP Regional Representative or
femp training
FEMP - Training
  • Upcoming courses

Design Strategies for Low-Energy, Sustainable, Secure Buildings March 26 – 27 San Diego, CA

Water Resource Management April 15-16 Denver, CO

Distributed Generation for Federal Facilities May 12-13 Los Angeles, CA

Energy 2003 Conference August 17-20 Orlando, FL

  • Schedule and registration online:

outreach communications
Outreach & Communications
  • FEMP Web Site:
  • FEMP Focus Newsletter
  • SAVE with Solar Newsletter
  • You Have the Power Campaign
  • Annual Energy Awards Program
femp regional representatives

Chicago RO



Boston RO










Denver RO

FEMP Regional Representatives
femp regional office contacts
FEMP Regional Office Contacts

Seattle Cheri Sayer (206) 553-7838

Denver Randy Jones (303) 275-4814

Chicago Melinda Latimer (312) 886-8561

Philadelphia Claudia Marchione (215) 656-6967

Atlanta Lisa Hollingsworth (404) 562-0569

Boston Paul King (617) 565-9712

clean cities
Clean Cities

Photo credit: David Parsons, NREL

clean cities program
Clean Cities Program
  • Supports public-private partnerships that deploy alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) and build supporting infrastructure
  • AFV Fuels:

CNG, LNG, E85, LPG, Biodiesel, Electricity

  • 9th National Clean Cities Conference & Expo

May 19-23, 2003 Palm Springs, CA

  • Alternative Fuels Data Center

clean cities coalitions
Clean Cities Coalitions
  • Locally based government and industry partnerships coordinated by DOE to expand the use of alternatives to gasoline and diesel fuels
  • National Park Partnerships
    • Rocky Mountain National Park with Weld and Larimer counties (W/L/RMNP), designated May 1996
    • Greater Yellowstone-Teton Clean Cities National Park Coalition, designated September 2002
    • Lake Tahoe Clean Cities Coalition, planning stage
  • DOE research to cost-effectively produce biofuels from diverse feedstocks
  • Regional Biomass Energy Program

Increase production and use of bioenergy resources

  • Opportunities for biodiesel education/workshops

Contact: Shaine Tyson at 303-275-4616

  • Biennial Bioenergy Conference

Fall 2004

  • For additional Information

biodiesel ethanol examples
Biodiesel & Ethanol Examples
  • Biodiesel Vehicles
    • Forest Service – Wyoming

55 vehicles run on B20 year-round

    • Yellowstone National Park

Truck-in-the-Park pickup - B100 without additives

    • Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore

B20 (soy-diesel) blended into diesel fuel tanks. Also soy-based lubricants, hydraulic fluid, two-cycle oil, and crankcase oil.

  • E-85 fueling stations
    • Mammoth Cave National Park
    • NPS National Capital Region
biomass power
Biomass Power
  • BioPower: renewable electricity from plant material
  • DOE research to produce small, modular biopower systems (5 kW to 5 MW)
  • Current FEMP Project: Forest Service/Yavapai-Apache Nation – Feasibility of 2-10 MW woodchip biomass electricity generating plant
high performance buildings
High Performance Buildings

Photo credit: Dr. Paul Torcellini, NREL

high performance buildings1
High Performance Buildings
  • Goal: To substantially improve the performance of commercial buildings by changing how these buildings are designed, built, and operated
  • Strategies:
    • Technical Evaluation and Research
    • Building Performance
    • Communication/Project Documentation
  • Start participation with application
  • Additional information and resources online
high performance buildings2
High Performance Buildings
  • Criteria for participation
    • Committed to 70% energy cost savings when compared to 10CFR434 (lighting and HVAC loads)
    • Employ near 100% daylighting with automated lighting control that respond to daylight levels
    • Design envelope based on simulation results and design HVAC based on specific load conditions
    • Pre-design stage (buildings with plans are too far along to make substantial effective energy choices)
    • Building available for monitoring and evaluation for at least 1 year during occupancy
    • Plan to incorporate energy features that are of current research interest
case studies

Case Studies

DOE Supported Projects

with the National Park Service in Western Regions

sustainable building
Sustainable Building

Zion National Park Visitor Center

  • Passive down-draft evaporative cooling towers
  • Daylighting
  • Engineered shading
  • Natural ventilation
  • Automatic windows
  • Trombe walls
  • Direct gain heating
  • Thermal Mass
  • 7 kW Photovoltaics
  • Outdoor exhibits (smaller bldg)

Estimated 70% savings in purchased energy compared to conventional building design. Using a whole building design process resulted in a project that also cost less to build.

solar water heating
Solar Water Heating
  • Chickasaw NRA (Oklahoma) incorporated solar energy in three new comfort stations.
    • (1) 1000, (2) 500 gal storage
    • (1) 484, (2) 194 sf collectors
    • $3500/yr savings
    • 37,000 kWh/yr total equivalent solar heat
  • These systems reduce operating and maintenance costs and increase reliability. A simple 9-year payback period makes the project cost effective for this site.

"The great thing about using solar heated showers ... is the user demand very closely follows the amount of available sunlight." —Mark Golnar, NPS Mechanical Engineer

renewable energy at pinnacles national monument
Renewable Energy atPinnacles National Monument
  • PV-hybrid system provided an elegant solution for electricity in sensitive area
    • 9.6 kW PV with 20 kW propane genset
    • LCC analysis: system costs $83k less than 2 replacement propane gensets over 20-years
  • New GMP Project: move facilities above flood plain
    • Sizing off-grid hybrid system
    • New efficient building design

“The PV system … costs a fraction of what we used to pay each month to operate and maintain the diesel generators it replaces." —Gary Candelaria, Superintendent

renewable energy at natural bridges national monument
Renewable Energy atNatural Bridges National Monument

PV-Hybrid System Rehabilitation Study

  • Assessed load requirements + system needs
    • Original 100 kW solar array now under 50 kW
    • 60 kW diesel back-up generator
    • New batteries, charge controller and inverter
  • Produced performance specifications suitable for bids
renewable energy at yosemite national park
Renewable Energy atYosemite National Park

El Portal Maintenance Facility

  • 47kW PV grid-connected system
  • Supplies 10% of electric demand during peak hours
  • PowerLight system adds R-20 insulation to the roof
  • Meets air quality goals for point source pollution reduction (offsetting PG&E pollution from electricity generation)
renewable energy at whiskeytown national recreation area
Renewable Energy atWhiskeytown National Recreation Area
  • Visitor Center PV grid-connected systems
  • Fixed panels and passive tracker
renewable energy at kalaupapa national historic park
Renewable Energy atKalaupapa National Historic Park
  • Implementing a PV-hybrid system for water pumping to eliminate diesel generator operation
  • Study for long-term sustainable energy resources
renewable energy at mt rainier national park
Renewable Energy atMt. Rainier National Park

White River Facility

  • 15.5kW PV-hybrid system with propane genset serves 59 kWh/day load
  • 207 modules on 90 linear feet of new garage roof
  • Replaces a generator-only system with the solar providing 85% of the electricity needs
  • Reduces generator run-time from 3500 to 150 hours per season (dramatic reduction in noise)
renewable energy at mojave national preserve
Renewable Energy atMojave National Preserve

Hole-in-the-Wall Fire Station

  • 10.88-kW PV-hybrid system with propane genset serves 50 kWh/day load
  • Serves 50 kWh/day load of fire station dormitory (up to 16 firefighters) and garage
  • Flexible, amorphous-silicon roofing laminates, applied to a new metal roof
renewable energy at joshua tree national park
Renewable Energy atJoshua Tree National Park

Oasis Visitor Center

  • Feasibility study, result: 40kW PV grid-tied system
  • Off-set electricity conventional generation with shade
  • Several other showcase PV-hybrid systems with knowledgeable supporting staff
renewable energy at channel islands national park
Renewable Energy at Channel Islands National Park

Water Heating and Light Tube

Wind Hybrid Electricity System at San Miguel Island

Water pumping (with storage)

renewable energy at point reyes national seashore
Renewable Energy at Point Reyes National Seashore

PV at Education Center

PV at Pacific Coast Learning Center

SDHW at Education Center

renewable energy at glen canyon national recreation area
Renewable Energy atGlen Canyon National Recreation Area

115 kW hybrid system serving Dangling Rope Marina. This project offsets barging 65,000 gallons/year of diesel fuel across Lake Powell. Important lessons learned with hybrid system.

renewable energy at yellowstone national park
Renewable Energy atYellowstone National Park

7 kW system serving Lamar Buffalo Ranch

The system provides 14,000 kWh/year with reduced noise and air pollution

renewable energy at lake mead national recreation area
Renewable Energy atLake Mead National Recreation Area
  • 1.2 kW system serving Shivwits Fire Camp
  • Provides power for seasonal ranger operations
  • Installed as part of a field training workshop
fuel cell at yellowstone national park
Fuel Cell atYellowstone National Park
  • Powers Kiosks at West Entrance
  • 4.5-kW, propane-fueled
  • Being evaluated for effectiveness at high elevation and in a severe climate
  • Successful collaboration:
    • Yellowstone National Park
    • Fall River Rural Electric Cooperative
    • H Power Corporation
    • Propane Education & Research Council
biofuels marine project
Biofuels – Marine Project

The Pacific Ranger has operated on 100% biodiesel for two years. This renewable organic- based fuel is manufactured from used vegetable cooking oils. This project will reduce the demand on petroleum resources, decrease exhaust emissions and demonstrate the viable application of alternative fuels applications in marine service.

The Pacific Ranger at Channel Islands National Park. Note the “bulbous bow” hull modification which reduces friction & wake resistance on the displacement hull as it travels through the water.

biofuels truck project
Biofuels - Truck Project

Truck-in-the-Park Program

  • Unmodified 3/4 ton diesel truck
  • 130,000 miles on 100% biodiesel
  • Engine teardown at 100,000 miles indicated little wear and no carbon buildup.
  • Benefits
    • Reduced toxicity, emissions, smoke, odors
    • Increased safety, biodegradability
  • Performance
    • 16.3 mpg (1 mpg less than diesel)
    • $2-$3.50 per gallon if commercial-scale production available

The biodiesel fuel is produced locally in Idaho and Montana. It is made from rapeseed (canola) ethyl ester: rapeseed oil is extracted and combined with ethanol (potato waste). A "bear attraction test" dispelled the notion that the french fry smell of biodiesel would attract bears.

national park service regional perspective

National Park ServiceRegional Perspective

What Can We Do Within Our Boundaries to Promote Environmental and Energy Conservation Goals?