Author : Sally Morgan Genre: Expository Nonfiction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Author : Sally Morgan Genre: Expository Nonfiction

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  1. Author: Sally Morgan Genre: Expository Nonfiction Big Question: Why is it important to care about nature?

  2. Small Group Timer

  3. Review Games Story Sort Vocabulary Words: • Arcade Games • Study Stack • Spelling City: Vocabulary • Spelling City: Spelling Words

  4. Spelling WordsDifficult Spellings

  5. Big Question: Why is it important to care about nature? Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

  6. Vocabulary Words More Words to Know Vocabulary Words • basin • charities • equator • erosion • evaporates • exported • industrial • recycled • tropics • biodiversity • carbon dioxide • tourism • air pressure • disaster • grass • prairie

  7. Monday

  8. Today we will learn about: • Build Concepts • Fact and Opinion • Graphic Organizers • Build Background • Vocabulary • Fluency: Model Phrasing • Grammar: Compound and Complex Sentences • Spelling: Difficult Spellings • Ecosystems

  9. FluencyModel Phrasing

  10. Fluency: Model Phrasing • Listen as I read “One Day in the Prairie.” • As I read, notice how I use phrasing, varying my tone of voice and reading speed to convey the meaning of the text. • Be ready to answer questions after I finish.

  11. Fluency: Model Phrasing • Why do the buffalo stampede? • What kind of mood does the author create? How does she use language to create this mood?

  12. Concept Vocabulary • air pressure – pressure caused by the weight of the air • disaster– event that causes much suffering or loss

  13. Concept Vocabulary • grass- plant with green blades that covers fields, lawns, and pastures • prairie – large area of level or rolling land with grass but few or no trees • (Next Slide)

  14. disaster

  15. grass

  16. prairie

  17. Concept Vocabulary (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)

  18. Build Concept Vocabulary air pressure, disaster, grass, prairie

  19. Fact & Opinion, Graphic OrganizersTurn to page 88 - 89.

  20. Prior KnowledgeWhat do you know about rain forests?

  21. Vocabulary Words

  22. Vocabulary Words • basin– all the land drained by a river and the streams that flow into it • charities– organizations for helping those in need or the environment

  23. Vocabulary Words • equator– an imaginary circle around the middle of the Earth • erosion– process of gradually wearing away by glaciers, running water, waves, or wind

  24. Vocabulary Words • evaporates– changes from a liquid to a gas • exported– sent goods out of one country for sale and use in another

  25. Vocabulary Words • industrial– engaged in or connected with business, trade, or manufactured goods • recycled– processed or treated so it can be used again

  26. Vocabulary Words • tropics – regions near the equator that are also the hottest parts of the Earth

  27. More Words to Know • biodiversity– a wide variety of different species living together in one place • carbon dioxide– colorless, odorless gas present in the atmosphere formed when carbon is burned and absorbed by plants to make plant tissue

  28. More Words to Know • tourism– the process of traveling for pleasure • (Next Slide)

  29. basin

  30. equator

  31. erosion

  32. industrial

  33. recycled

  34. tropics

  35. Grammar • Compound and Complex Sentences

  36. toucans are brightly colured birds in the Rain Forest • Toucans are brightly colored birds in the rain forest. • rain forests is places with amazin wildlife • Rain forests are places with amazing wildlife.

  37. Compound and Complex Sentences • The climate is hot, and rain falls nearly every day. • This sentence is a compoundsentence. It has two simplesentences joined by a comma and a conjunction.

  38. Compound and Complex Sentences • As the world’s population gets larger, more food and building materials are needed. • This sentence is a complexsentence. It has an independentclause and a dependentclause.

  39. Compound and Complex Sentences • A simple sentence has a completesubjectand a completepredicate. • The rain forest is disappearing.

  40. Compound and Complex Sentences • A compound sentence has two or more simple sentences joined by a comma and a conjunction such as and, but, or or. • The rain forest is disappearing, and many of its plants and animals are disappearing too.

  41. Compound and Complex Sentences • A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. • The rain forest is disappearing because people cut down too many trees.

  42. Compound and Complex Sentences • A compound-complex sentence has more than one independentclauseand at least one dependentclause. • Because people cut down too many trees, the rainforest is disappearing, and many of its plants and animals are disappearing too.

  43. Compound and Complex SentencesIdentify each sentence as simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex. • Because they have leaves year-round, tropical rain forest trees are evergreen trees. • complex • The trees grow tall and close together. • simple

  44. Compound and Complex SentencesIdentify each sentence as simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex. • The largest area of rain forest is the Amazon rain forest in the Amazon River basin. • simple

  45. Compound and Complex SentencesIdentify each sentence as simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex. • Although you may find this surprising, there are tropical rain forests in Australia. • complex • The toucan has brightly colored feathers and a long, colorful bill. • simple

  46. Compound and Complex SentencesIdentify each sentence as simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex. • The forest ranger warned the hikers, but they did not listen. • compound • David wanted a camera, and he was determined to buy one when he had the money. • compound-complex

  47. Compound and Complex SentencesIdentify each sentence as simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex. • After breakfast, the clouds thickened, and a heavy rain fell on the campers. • compound • Do you like hot, humid weather? • simple

  48. Compound and Complex SentencesIdentify each sentence as simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex. • Trees in cloud forests are shorter, and they are deciduous. • compound • Whenever she can, Paula wakes before sunrise. • complex

  49. Compound and Complex SentencesIdentify each sentence as simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex. • Cloud forests cover mountains in tropical regions. • simple