Social Norms and the Impact of Self-Help Groups. Women’s Autonomy and Subjective Well-Being in Orissa. Thomas de Hoop Luuk van Kempen Rik Linssen Anouka van Eerdewijk August, 12, 2013. What is this Presentation also About?. How to make women happy. Two Research Questions.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Women’s Autonomy and Subjective Well-Being in Orissa
How to make women happy
The impact of SHG membership on subjective well-being is more positive in villages with relatively liberal gender norms than in villages with relatively conservative gender norms.
- Resolving the Attribution Problem
“The bird escaped from the cage and moved from one tree to another. With the group we have come to see new things and have seen new places and we have been lucky to see a police station, banks, courts, offices etc.”
Non-SHG Member “Husbands are equal to God. So they should be in control. It is a Hindu tradition. Now people think that women should also be equal to God. If it was up to me I would keep the traditions.”
SHG Member: “They yell at me and say: ‘why are you going outside the house? Why are you going to meetings? You should stay in.”
Impact varies over time
Impact varies over time
Propensity Score Matching: Compare individuals (or households) that would have a similar chance of participation given their observable characteristics.
Probability of participation in project/programme
In conservative villages enhanced autonomy breaks the traditional gender norm
1. Make Context Explicit
Policy Recommendations: Helpful but doubts remain
“SHGs are groups of 10 to 20 women initiated by a development agency, which are usually involved in savings and credit programs and/or advancing group members’ claims or rights” (Thorp et al., 2005, WD).
Solution: Instrumental Variable:
Theory: Self-Help Group Participation Increases when Transaction Costs Decrease
The percentage of the household heads in the village that is of the same caste as the female respondent.
Fewer than 35% of the non-SHG members is allowed to go to the market or the doctor without their husbands’ permission
More than 35% of the non-SHG members is allowed to go to the market or the doctor without their husbands’ permission