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Entry Task: Feb 11 th Monday. Question: 0.080 M in sodium formate , NaCHO 2 , and 0.200 M formic acid, HCHO 2 You have 5 minutes!. Agenda. Discuss Common ion-Effect ws Finish Buffer notes and in-class practice HW: Buffer ws #1.

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entry task feb 11 th monday

Entry Task: Feb 11th Monday

Question:

0.080 M in sodium formate, NaCHO2, and 0.200 M formic acid, HCHO2

You have 5 minutes!

agenda
Agenda
  • Discuss Common ion-Effect ws
  • Finish Buffer notes and in-class practice
  • HW: Buffer ws #1
slide4

1. a) Consider the equilibrium B(aq) + H2O (l)  HB+ (aq) + OH- (aq). In terms of LeChatelier’s principle, explain the effect of the presence of a salt of HB+ on the ionization of B. b) Give an example of a salt that can decrease the ionization of NH3 in solution.

Refresh yourself on LeChatelier’s Principle

B(aq) + H2O (l)  HB+ (aq) + OH- (aq)

a. By adding more salt of HB+ , like Hbsalt, it would decrease the OH- on the product side- shifting reaction left. This would also increase substance B

2 does the ph increase decrease or remain the same on addition of each of the following explain
2. Does the pH increase, decrease, or remain the same on addition of each of the following? EXPLAIN!!!!!
  • NaNO2to a solution of HNO2

NaNO2 came from a strong base/weak acid so the solution would become more basic- increasing pH.

b) (CH3NH3)Cl to a solution of CH3NH2

(CH3NH3)Cl came from a weak base and strong acid so the solution would become more acidic – decrease in pH.

2 does the ph increase decrease or remain the same on addition of each of the following explain1
2. Does the pH increase, decrease, or remain the same on addition of each of the following? EXPLAIN!!!!!

c) sodium formate to a solution of formic acid

sodium formate came from a strong base/weak acid so the solution would become more basic- increasing pH.

d) potassium bromide to a solution of hydrobromic acid

potassium bromide came from a strong base and strong acid so the solution would remain the same.

2 does the ph increase decrease or remain the same on addition of each of the following explain2
2. Does the pH increase, decrease, or remain the same on addition of each of the following? EXPLAIN!!!!!

e) HCl to a solution of NaC2H3O2

HClis a strong acid and NaC2H3O2came from a strong base and weak acid but this is hydolyzed and HCl would move the equilibrium toward acidic- decreasing pH.

calculate the ph of the following solutions

1.3x10-5=

Ka =

[x] [0.060 + x]

[0.085 - x]

[H+] [C3H5O2−]

[HC3H5O2]

H+(aq) + C3H5O2−(aq)

HC3H5O2(aq)

= 1.3 x 10-5

Calculate the pH of the following solutions:

a) 0.060M in potassium propionate, KC3H5O2, and 0.085 M in propionic acid, HC3H5O2 Ka= 1.3x10-5

(1.3 x 10-5)(0.085)

0.060

1.11 x 10-60.060

X = 1.84 x10-5

x = [H+]

pH=–log(1.84 x10-5) = 4.73

calculate the ph of the following solutions1

1.8x10-4 =

Ka =

[x] [0.090 + x]

[0.100 - x]

[H+] [CHO2−]

[HCHO2]

H+(aq) + CHO2−(aq)

HCHO2(aq)

= 1.8 x 10-4

Calculate the pH of the following solutions:

b) 0.090 M in sodium formate, NaCHO2, and 0.100 M formic acid, HCHO2 Ka= 1.8x10-4

(1.8 x 10-4)(0.100)

0.090

1.8 x 10-50.090

X = 2.0 x10-4

x = [H+]

pH=–log(2.0 x10-4) = 3.70

calculate the ph of the following solutions2

6.5x10-5=

Kb=

[OH_] [(CH3)3NH+]

[(CH3)3N]

[x] [0.10 + x]

[0.075 - x]

OH-(aq) + (CH3)3NH+(aq)

(CH3)3N(aq)

= 6.5 x 10-5

Calculate the pH of the following solutions:

c) 0.075M in trimethylamine, (CH3)3N, and 0.10M trimethylammonium chloride, (CH3)3NHCl Kb= 6.4 x10-5

(6.5 x 10-5)(0.075)

0.10

4.875 x 10-60.10

X = 4.875 x10-5

x = [OH-]

pOH=–log(4.875 x10-5) = 4.31 then subtract from 14 = 9.69

calculate the ph of the following solutions3

1.7x10-9=

Kb=

[OH-] [C5H5NH+ ]

[C5H5NH]

[x] [0.0850 + x]

[0.0750 - x]

OH-(aq) + C5H5NH+(aq)

C5H5N(aq)

= 1.7 x 10-9

Calculate the pH of the following solutions:

d) 0.0750M pyridine, C5H5N, and 0.0850 M in pyridinium chloride, C5H5NHCl Kb= 1.7 x10-9

(1.7 x 10-9)(0.0750)

0.0850

1.275 x 10-100.0850

X = 1.5 x10-9

x = [OH-]

pOH=–log(1.5 x10-9) = 8.8 then subtract from 14 = 5.18

slide12

1.5x10-5=

x2

0.050

4. a) Calculate the percent ionization of 0.050M butanoic acid (Ka= 1.5x10-5) b) Calculate the percent ionization of 0.050M butanoic acid in a solution containing 0.070M of sodium butanoate.

(1.5 x 10-5)(0.050) = x2

7.5 x 10-7 = x2

8.66 x 10-4

0.050

X 100 = 1.7%

slide13

1.5x10-5=

0.070

0.050

4. a) Calculate the percent ionization of 0.050M butanoic acid (Ka= 1.5x10-5) b) Calculate the percent ionization of 0.050M butanoic acid in a solution containing 0.070M of sodium butanoate.

(1.5 x 10-5)(0.050)

0.070

1.07 x 10-50.050

7.5x 10-7

0.070

X 100 = 0.021%