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Muhammad, the Prophet and founder of Islam was born in the full light of history. He is an historical figure. Muhammad’s birth & early years 570 – 595 Common era (CE). Birth of Muhammad ca 570 CE. Muhmmad was born in about 570 CE.
Muhammad, the Prophet and founder of Islam was born in the full light of history. He is an historical figure.
570 – 595
Common era (CE)
ca 570 CE
At that time Justinian II (r. 565-595), was the Byzantine Emperor
Rome had fallen 476 CE and Europe was in the “Dark Ages”
ACCORDING to tradition Muhammad is alleged to have said that he was born during the reign of a “just king”, meaning Chosroes I (Khusra Anushirvan), the Sasanid (Persian) monarch who reigned from 531-579 CE.
A failed assault on Mecca by an army using elephants.
-Muhammad & the Course of Islam, Balyuzi, p. 11
“… Abraham, with Ismael, raised the foundations of the House “ Qur’an 2:121
‘Abdu’llah died shortly before Muhammad’s birth.
Then Muhammad was sent to live with his uncle, Abu-Talib. Abu-Talib had a son named ‘Ali. ‘Ali was Muhammad’s cousin. Now he became also, his foster brother.
Aminah died when Muhammad was six.
Muhammad was sent to live with his grandfather, ‘Abdu’l-Muttalib. ‘Abdu’l-Muttalib died two years later,
MUHAMMAD, THE ORPHAN
At the age of 35, he helped in the rebuilding of Kabbah, and resolved the matter of fitting the Black Stone in the wall of Kabbah
Married Khadijah in 595 CE. She was 40 and wealthy. He was 25 and in her employ.
‘Recite, in the name of thy Lord, who created man from a clot of blood.’
The Qur’an calls this night the “night of power” (Qadr) 97:1-5
Muhammad hurried home and wrapped Himself in cloak. He told Khadijih what had happened and she became the first to embrace Islam through its Messenger, Muhammad.
The 74th Sura of the Quran is titled ‘the cloaked One’
Muhammad remains publicly silent as to the nature of his mission
Muhammad begins to teach the new faith & proclaims Himself the Prophet of God
Some of Muhammad’s followers emigrate to Abysinnia.
Boycott imposed on Muhammad & His followers by Meccans
Abu Talib also dies.
Muhammad goes south to Taif to teach but is stoned and driven out
Muhammad experiences the “night journey”
Hegira 622 CE July 15th Muhammad emigrates from Mecca to Yathrib (Medina)
This event begins the Muslim calendar
Battle of Badr (see Qur’an 3:123) Muhammad routs a numerically superior Meccan army
Topkapi Museum - Istanbul
Husayn later becomes the 3rd Imam of Shi’ah Islam
627 CE - Battle of the Confederates – 20 day seige of Medina foiled by a trench dug around the city (also called ‘The Battle of the Trench’)
BATTLE BETWEEN HERACULIS & CHOSROES II
Sura 30 of the Quran is titled “The Greeks” or “Rum”
HERACULIS DEFEATS PERSIANS AT NINEVAH 627 CE
In a land hard by: But after their defeat they shall defeat their foes,
In a few years. First and last is the affair with God. And on that day shall the faithful rejoice 30:1-3
Treaty of Hudaybiyyah between Muhammad and Meccans
Muhammad marches on Mecca with 10,000 men
Battle of Hunayn
Death of Prophet’s son Ibrahim Muhammad’s last pilgrimage
Farewell SermonMuhammad dies
Dr. Duane K. Troxel of
This program was created by Dr. Duane K. Troxel