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MAMMALS. Mammals are animals that have hairs, are warm-blooded, and nourish their young with milk. Some modern-day mammals include people, apes, cats, bats, dogs, tigers, mice, moose, beavers, elephants, gorillas, sloths, pandas, hamsters, horses, whales, and dolphins.

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MAMMALS


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    1. MAMMALS Mammals are animals that have hairs, are warm-blooded, and nourish their young with milk. Some modern-day mammals include people, apes, cats, bats, dogs, tigers, mice, moose, beavers, elephants, gorillas, sloths, pandas, hamsters, horses, whales, and dolphins http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/Mammals.shtml

    2. TEKS • 112.2 Science Processes: the student conducts classroom and field investigations following home and school safety procedures. The student is expected to: • Ask questions about organisms, objects, and events • Plan and conduct simple descriptive investigations • Communicate explanations about investigations • 112.9 Science Concept: the student knows that living organism have basic needs. The student is expected to: • Identify the external characteristics of different kinds of plants and animals that allow their needs to be met • Compare and give examples of the way living organisms depend of each other and on their environments

    3. MAMMAL EXTREMES • Faster mammal: the cheetah • Slowest mammal: the sloth • Biggest mammal, biggest animal that ever lived on Earth-the blue whale • Biggest land mammal: the African Elephant • Tallest mammal: the giraffe • Smallest mammals: the pygmy shrew • Smallest newborns: marsupials (pouched mammals, like the kangaroo) • Smelliest mammals: the striped skink • http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/Mammals.shtml

    4. CHEETAHS • Cheetah can run up to 70 miles per hour • Cheetahs have slender, long-legged body, spotted coat, small head and ear, and “tear stripes” from the corner of the eyes down the sides of the nose • Cheetahs usually weigh 110 to 140 pounds • They live an average of 10 to 12 years • They are found in Africa and Asia. However, they are now confined to eastern and southwestern parts of Africa. They are among the most endangered species that need to be protected.

    5. SLOTHS • Sloths are plant-eater and slow-moving mammals. They eat leaves, fruits, and young shoots. • Sloths sleep during the day and are more active at night. They sleep about 15 to 18 hours a day in a hanging upside down positive in trees. • They protect themselves from jaguars, harpy eagles, and people with its camouflage which makes them hardly to be recognized in the rain forest canopy • They live in tropical rain forests of South and Central America. • Their life-span is 10 to 20 years

    6. BLUE WHALES • Blue whales are the largest mammal that ever live on the Earth • They are measured 70 to 80 feet in length. The longest recorded length is 106 feet • They weigh approximately 10 to 150 tons. The female is larger than the male • Their life-span is about 80 years. • They live in the oceans around the world. • Blue whales can swim 14 miles per hour and dive last from 10 to 20 minutes. • Their population are endangered by fishing, pollution, and illegal whaling • http://www.kidsplanet.org/factsheets/blue_whale.html • http://yahooligans.yahoo.com/content/animals/photo/4024.html

    7. AFRICAN ELEPHANTS • African Elephants are the largest land mammals. They are also one of the most intelligent animals • They use their big trunks to pull branches of trees, uproot grass, pluck fruit, and place food in their mouths. They also use their trunks to smell, touch, drink, and to throw dust. • African elephants live in a social group and have a strong family bond. • Their lifespan is estimated about 50 to 60 years • They inhabit throughout Africa south of the Sahara desert • They spend 16 hours a day eating • http://www.kidsplanet.org/factsheets/elephant.html • http://www.nature.ca/notebooks/english/afeleph.htm • http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Animals/AfricanSavanna/fact-afelephant.cfm

    8. GIRAFFES • Giraffe is the tallest land animal • Giraffes are tall up to 19 feet and weighs up to 1270 pounds • They have long necks, long legs, and spotted patterns • They can live up to 25 years in the wild world • Giraffes can be found in central, eastern and southern Africa, and savannas (grasslands) • Giraffes eat leaves, twigs, and bark from the thorny acacia plant. • They can go for days without drinking water. • http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/giraffe/Giraffecoloring.shtml • http://www.kidsplanet.org/factsheets/giraffe.html

    9. PYGMY SHREWS • Pygmy Shrews are the smallest North American mammals • They are about 4 inches in length and weight about 2.5 grams • They are gray-brown or red-brown in color • They live in open areas, woodlands, and forests • They eat worms, and small insects such as ants, flies, spiders, beetles, and caterpillars • When they’re frightened or agitated, they produce a musky odor from their flank glands • http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Sorex_hoyi.html • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pygmy_Shrew • http://www.uksafari.com/jpeg2/pygmysh1.jpg

    10. MARSUPIALS • Marsupials are pouched mammals whose babies are born in immature state. • The newborns are attached to their mothers’ nipples • Marsupials live in forests, plains, and deserts. They are found in Americas, Australia, and New Guinea • Marsupials include kangaroos, koalas, wallabies, wombats, bandicoots, and opossums • Kangaroos and koalas are the two best known marsupials • Baby kangaroos live in their mother’s pouch for 6 months • http://www.kidport.com/RefLib/Science/Animals/Marsupials.htm • http://www.enchantedlearning.com/coloring/marsupial.shtml • http://elib.cs.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=photos_fauna_com-Mammal&enlarge=1335+3153+0220+0083

    11. STRIPED SKUNKS • Striped Skunks have two white stripes that run from head to tail • They live in desserts, woodlands, and grassy plains from central Canada to northern Mexico • Striped Skunks eat meat and plants. Its diet includes insects, small mammals, fish, fruits, nuts, leaves, grasses, and dead animals • They sleeps in its burrow during the day and hunts at night • They spray an oily and yellowish musk 10-15 inches which can cause pain and a fleeting loss of vision to their predators • http://www.striped-skunk.com/ • http://www.fishbc.com/adventure/wilderness/animals/skunk.htm • http://www.fcps.k12.va.us/StratfordLandingES/Ecology/mpages/striped_skunk.htm

    12. OTHER MAMMALS BUFFALO http://elib.cs.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=photos_fauna_com-Mammal&enlarge=0091+3183+0938+0113

    13. OTHER MAMMALS ZEBRA http://elib.cs.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=photos_fauna_com-Mammal&enlarge=0091+3183+0918+0109

    14. OTHER MAMMALS RABBIT http://elib.cs.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=photos_fauna_com-Mammal&enlarge=0000+0000+0704+0614

    15. Other Mammals RHINOCEROS http://elib.cs.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=photos_fauna_com-Mammal&enlarge=1335+3153+0217+0014

    16. REFERENCES • All about Mammals http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/Mammals.shtml • Kid’s Planet http://www.kidsplanet.org/factsheets/blue_whale.html • National Zoo http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Animals/AfricanSavanna/fact-afelephant.cfm • CalPhotos: Animals http://elib.cs.berkeley.edu/photos/fauna/com-Mammal.html • Music: Free Kids’ Music School is Cool by Bill Crosby http://www.freekidsmusic.com