THE INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS SYSTEM. “We will not enjoy security without development, we will not enjoy development without security, and we will not enjoy either without respect for human rights .” UN Secretary-General In Larger Freedom Prague, November 2005
“We will not enjoy security without development, we will not enjoy development without security, and we will not enjoy either without respect for human rights.”
UN Secretary-General In Larger Freedom
Prague, November 2005
Marcia V.J. Kran, Governance Team Leader
Bratislava Regional Centre
The Charter of the United Nations states that one purpose of the United Nations is “to achieve international cooperation (including)…in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.”
Between 1948 and 1989 international agreement was successively reached on:
HUMAN RIGHTS TREATIES
like other treaties
At the time of signature or ratification, States are entitled to make:
Reason: to allow States to adapt universal human rights standards to their particular economic or political status, or to their specific social and cultural situation.
Reservations can undermine the protection of human rights.
As an example, some states have made reservations to CEDAWwhich are arguably incompatible with purpose of the treaty.
Note: the reservation to CEDAW made by Libya:
“Accession is subject to the general reservation that such accession cannot conflict with the laws on personal status derived from the Islamic Shariah.”
national media report
* visit countries by invitation, often UNDP organizes
Special Rapporteur on adequate housing as a component of the right to an adequate standard of living, and on the right to non-discrimination, Mr. Miloon Kothari
MISSION TO ROMANIA (14-19 January 2002)
“The Government should take a lead in developing appropriate monitoring mechanisms for the implementation of the right to adequate housing, such as an inter-ministerial committee with involvement of relevant ministries, local authorities and civil society.”
General Comments or General Recommendations are sometimes offered. These are a main source of interpretation of human rights. So are GA resolutions e.g., SMRs
CERD - General Recommendation No. 27: Discrimination against Roma : 16/08/2000
The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination recommends States Parties:
“adopt and implement national strategies and programmes and express determined political will and moral leadership, with a view to improving the situation of Roma and their protection against discrimination by State bodies, as well as by any person or organization.”
Individual Complaints are possible under CCPR, CERD, CEDAW, CAT, and the MWC.
A Human Rights Council has been proposed to increase effectiveness and accountability Zanofer
OCHCR is now crafting partnership strategy, including on ways to engage with UNDP UNDP not high priority
“No drive for development will be successful unless it is based on the sure foundation of respect for human dignity.”
S.G. Kofi Annan