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The Decline of Medieval Europe. Starting in the 14th century, European society began to decline due to the following:. Famines between 1314 & 1317 The Hundred Years War The Black Death. Famine. The Population increased quickly because of improved agricultural techniques.

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the decline of medieval europe

The Decline of Medieval Europe

Starting in the 14th century, European society began to decline due to the following:

Famines between 1314 & 1317
  • The Hundred Years War
  • The Black Death
  • The Population increased quickly because of improved agricultural techniques.
  • Later poor harvests (because of cooler, wetter weather) caused starvation.
the hundred years war 1338 1453
The Hundred Years War (1338-1453)
  • A series of conflicts between France and England resulting from hostilities dating back to the Norman Conquest (William the Conqueror).
  • Constant battle inhibited development.
the black death 1347 1350
The Black Death (1347-1350)
  • The Bubonic plague killed ¼ of Europe’s population.
  • It was spread by rats carrying fleas infected with the plague.
  • Flourishing commerce & town growth collapsed
  • Fewer farmers/labourers = less food = shortages = less people = fewer farmers/ labourers, etc. etc
the renaissance
The Renaissance
  • A Great revival of classical (Greek & Roman) art, literature, and learning in Europe.
  • Renaissance means rebirth or revival.
  • It Began in the Italian city-states.
  • The city of Florence, which was under the control of a powerful banking/trading family (the Medici family) was at its heart.
  • It spread to the rest of Europe through the printing press. This allowed books and writing to reach a mass audience quickly and cheaply.
  • He perfected the press in 1453.
  • The level of importance of the printing press is rivaled by few other inventions
  • Artists, writers, and scholars (at first in Italy) who admired classical works, and strove to recreate the work of their ancestors.
  • Many became very well known (i.e. Da Vinci, Michelangelo).
  • Great patrons (the Medici family, the Roman Catholics Church, governments, etc.) commissioned their work.
focus philosophy
  • Humanism: focus on human concerns.
  • Emphasis is placed on human ability.
  • Scientific investigation focused on observation of the natural world.
  • Sought to improve humanity and society through enlightened education and action.
  • Renaissance man: a term to describe a person well educated who excels in a wide variety of subjects or fields.
the reformation
The Reformation
  • A religious movement in Europe that began with Roman Catholic reforms and ended with the establishment of Protestant churches.
  • It began in Germany and spread throughout Europe.
  • The Roman Catholic church was weakened by the Great Schism of the 14th century.
  • The sale of church positions by the pope to nobles without religious training.
  • The sale of Indulgences (pardons that could be bought to reduce time punished for sin.)
  • Resentment of expensive church construction, and lavish spending.
  • Differences in belief about how the church should be run.
the leader martin luther 1483 1546
The leader – Martin Luther (1483-1546)
  • He was a German monk.
  • He was outraged by the sale of church indulgences and other matters of church practice.
  • He nailed the Ninety-Five Theses on the door of a church in protest.
The statements were printed and circulated all over Germany.
  • Luther was excommunicated and convicted of heresy by the pope.
  • He was saved by a German prince.
  • His work caused a split in Germany between Lutherans and Roman Catholics.