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Manu. Presented by: Sarah Vogt. Chapter I:. Creation story: Produced waters with a thought and put his seed in them Seed became golden egg The act became Purusha Egg split into two halves: Heaven and earth with the middle sphere in between. From Himself made the mind

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Manu

Manu

Presented by: Sarah Vogt


Chapter i
Chapter I:

  • Creation story:

    • Produced waters with a thought and put his seed in them

    • Seed became golden egg

    • The act became Purusha

    • Egg split into two halves:

      • Heaven and earth with the middle sphere in between.

    • From Himself made the mind

    • He created the soul and the 5 organs of sensual perception in their order


Chapter 1
Chapter 1:

  • He created the order of the gods

  • From fire, wind, and sun the threefold Veda

    • Rik, Yagus, and Saman used for sacrifice

  • Affected by opposites

  • The varna proceeded by the mouth,arms, thighs, and feet (Brahman-first born)

  • He divided his own body becoming half male and half female.


Chapter 11
Chapter 1:

  • The female half produced Virag

  • Virag performed austerities making the twice-born

    • Austerities: rigorous spiritual practices

  • The lord performed very difficult austerities

    • 10 sages: Mariki, Atri, ANgiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Dratu, Praketas, Vasishtha, Bhrigu, and Narada

  • 7 Manus:

    • Svayambhu (self-existent), Svarokisha, Auttami, Tamasa, Raivata, Kakshusha, son of Vivasvat

    • Svayambhu produced Brahman from austerities with his mouth.


Chapter ii
Chapter II:

  • Veda first source of sacred law.

  • The birth rites of the Brahman.

  • Role and rules of a student

    • Initiation rituals

    • Eat properly

    • Keep organs in control

    • Salutations

    • To the Veda


Chapter iii
Chapter III:

  • Laws for student entering the householder age

    • Marriage rites

    • Sacrificial fire

    • Feasts of the sacrifice and treatment of guests


Chapter iv
Chapter IV:

  • Householder’s rights to property

  • Situations and items a man should avoid

  • The laws on accepting gifts


Chapter v
Chapter V:

  • Foods to avoid

  • Rites of death

  • Purification

  • Women can never be independent

    • By violating her duty toward her husband, a wife is disgraced in this world after death she enter the womb of a jackal and is tormented by disease (the punishment) of her sin.


Chapter vi
Chapter VI:

  • Laws of a hermit

    • Sacrifice

    • What practices should be performed

  • Laws of a ascetic (world renouncer)

    • How and when he should beg


Chapter vii
Chapter VII:

  • Duties of Kings

    • Land

    • Wife

    • Sacrifice

    • Protection


Chapter viii
Chapter VIII:

  • Salutations for a king

  • Regulations of taking property

  • Suits (court cases)

  • Punishment


Chapter ix
Chapter IX:

  • Laws pertaining to husband and wife

    • Husband guard the wife

    • Women’s sin

  • Matters pertaining to the seed

    • How to make offspring

    • Children born to the female belong to the female

  • Widowed women

  • Division of the inheritance

  • Laws on legitimate sons

  • Laws concerning gambling


Chapter ix1
Chapter IX:

  • Corporal Punishment

  • Acts king does to thieves

  • Punishment of people defacing property

  • Role of the king

    • Act properly

    • Sleeping he represents the Kali (iron age), waking the Dvapara (brazen) age, ready to act the Treta (silver age), but moving actively the Krita (golden) age.

  • Duties of the Vaisyas and Sudras


Chapter x
Chapter X:

  • The varna person born into

    • Based upon marriage offspring

    • All the different castes

  • Laws for Aryans

  • Brahman’s 6 acts:

    • Teaching, studying, sacrificing for himself, sacrificing for others, making gifts and receiving them

  • Vaisyas avoid selling

  • Rules followed in reference to hunger

  • Rules to the Sudra


Chapter xi
Chapter XI:

  • Rules of giving and receiving (sometimes forceful)

    • Sacrifice

  • Penance

    • Physical appearance of crimes

    • Purification rites

    • Mortal sin (mahapataka)/ minor offenses equals to what specific offense

      • Penance performed in regard to situation


Chapter xii
Chapter XII:

  • Connexion with actions

  • Punishment in next life based upon offenses committed

    • Sinful acts committed in body-something inanimate, sins committed by speech-birds or beasts, mental sins- lower caste.

  • Following the Veda will lead to salvation.