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Chapter 9 . The Urinary System. Overview of Structures, Combining Forms, and Functions. © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning. Primary Structures of the Urinary System. Kidneys . Primary Functions Filter the blood to remove waste products. Maintain electrolyte concentrations.

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chapter 9

Chapter 9

The Urinary System

kidneys
Kidneys
  • Primary Functions
      • Filter the blood to remove waste products.
      • Maintain electrolyte concentrations.
      • Remove excess water to maintain the fluid volume within the body.
kidneys5
Kidneys
  • Related Combining Forms
      • nephr/o
      • ren/o
renal pelvis
Renal Pelvis
  • Primary Function
      • Collects urine produced by the kidney.
  • Related Combining Form
      • pyel/o
urine
Urine
  • Primary Function
      • Liquid waste product produced by the kidney that is to be excreted.
  • Related Combining Forms
      • ur/o, urin/o
ureters
Ureters
  • Primary Function
      • Transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
  • Related Combining Form
      • ureter/o
urinary bladder
Urinary Bladder
  • Primary Function
      • Stores urine until it is excreted.
  • Related Combining Form
      • cyst/o
urethra
Urethra
  • Primary Function
      • Transports urine from the bladder through the urethral meatus, where it is excreted from the body.
  • Related Combining Form
      • urethr/o
animations
Animations

© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

cystoscopy
Cystoscopy

Click Here to play Cystoscopy animation

urine formation
Urine Formation

Click Here to play Urine animation

answers to learning exercises
Answers to Learning Exercises

© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

chapter 9 answers
Matching Word Parts 1

9.1. cyst/o

9.2. glomerul/o

9.3. -cele

9.4. nephr/o

9.5. lith/o

Matching Word Parts 2

9.6. -ptosis

9.7. pyel/o

9.8. -lysis

9.9. -pexy

9.10. -tripsy

Chapter 9 Answers
chapter 9 answers17
Matching Word Parts 3

9.11. dia-

9.12. -ectasis

9.13. ureter/o

9.14. urethr/o

9.15. -uria

Definitions

9.16. ureters

9.17. cystolith

9.18. diuresis

9.19. renal pelvis

9.20. urethra

Chapter 9 Answers
chapter 9 answers18
Definitions

9.21. urochrome

9.22. urethra

9.23. urologist

9.24. paraspadias

9.25. ablation

Matching Structures

9.26. urethral meatus

9.27. glomerulus

9.28. renal cortex

9.29. urethra

9.30. ureters

Chapter 9 Answers
chapter 9 answers19
Which Word?

9.31. pyelotomy

9.32. urethrorrhagia

9.33. polyuria

9.34. cystitis

9.35. urea

Spelling Counts

9.36. Wilms

9.37. incontinence

9.38. catheterization

9.39. Kegel

9.40. vesicovaginal

Chapter 9 Answers
chapter 9 answers20
Abbreviation Identification

9.41. benign prostatic hypertrophy

9.42. end-stage renal disease

9.43. extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

9.44. intravenous pyelogram

9.45. overactive bladder

Term Selection

9.46. anuria

9.47. cystorrhaphy

9.48. nephrolysis

9.49. oliguria

9.50. hemodialysis

Chapter 9 Answers
chapter 9 answers21
Sentence Completion

9.51. trigonitis

9.52. ureterolithiasis

9.53. suprapubic catheterization

9.54. cystopexy

9.55. transurethral resection

Word Surgery

9.56. hyper-, protein, -uria

9.57. hydro-, nephr, -osis

9.58. cyst/o, urethr/o, -graphy

9.59. nephr/o, lith, -otomy

9.60. lith/o, -tripsy

Chapter 9 Answers
chapter 9 answers22
True/False

9.61. True

9.62. False

9.63. False

9.64. True

9.65. True

Clinical Conditions

9.66. nocturia

9.67. polycystic

9.68. interstitial cystitis

9.69. urethrostenosis

9.70. epispadias

Chapter 9 Answers
chapter 9 answers23
Clinical Conditions

9.71. peritoneal dialysis

9.72. ureteroplasty

9.73. prostate-specific antigen

9.74. glomerulonephritis

9.75. nephroptosis

Which Is the Correct Medical Term?

9.76. uremia

9.77. nocturnal enuresis

9.78. ureterectasis

9.79. hypoproteinemia

9.80. nephrologist

Chapter 9 Answers
chapter 9 answers24
Challenge Word Building

9.81. cystostomy

9.82. nephrotomy

9.83. nephrosclerosis

9.84. cystoptosis

9.85. urethrocele

9.86. ureterolysis

9.87. nephromalacia

9.88. pyelonephritis

9.89. cystorrhexis

9.90. cystoplasty

Chapter 9 Answers
chapter 9 answers25
Labeling Exercises

9.91. adrenal

9.92. kidney

9.93. vena cava

9.94. urethra

9.95. cortex

9.96. medulla

9.97. aorta

9.98. ureters

9.99. bladder

9.100. meatus

Chapter 9 Answers