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Key Terms – Expansion of Chinese Trade. Tai Tsu Ming Dynasty Zheng He. The Fall of the Mongols. Chu Yuan-Chang would lead a revolt against the Mongols and deposed them in 1368. Upon becoming emperor, he would take on the name Tai Tsu.

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Key Terms – Expansion of Chinese Trade


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key terms expansion of chinese trade
Key Terms – Expansion of Chinese Trade
  • Tai Tsu
  • Ming Dynasty
  • Zheng He
the fall of the mongols
The Fall of the Mongols
  • Chu Yuan-Chang would lead a revolt against the Mongols and deposed them in 1368.
  • Upon becoming emperor, he would take on the name Tai Tsu.
  • Tai Tsu would be the founder of the Ming Dynasty → ruling family that dominated China from 1368 -1644
ming acheivements
Ming Acheivements
  • During the rule of Tai Tsu (roughly 30 years), he created many reforms that would ease the burdens of the lower classes while making them productive members of society.
  • Reforms were:
    • Encouraged agriculture by giving peasants seeds, tools and animals
    • Forgave taxes if the peasants farmed land ruined by war.
    • Exempted peasants from public works if they worked ruined land as well.
ming achievements cont
Ming Achievements (cont.)
  • Scientists would develop rice that could be harvested in 60 days → allowed for double cropping within one season.
  • They developed irrigation pumps worked by pedals to help bring water to rice paddies.
  • Fish were brought into rice paddies to produce two foods instead of one.
  • Cotton was grown and indigo as well.
  • Millions of trees were planted → used as a source of lumber which would help increase the strength of their navy.
voyages of zheng he
Voyages of Zheng He
  • The Ming were interested in expanding their overseas trade.
  • Zheng He → Muslim voyager sent on expeditions between 1405 and 1433.
  • The voyages would be halted as a means of preserving Chinese culture and keeping foreigners out.
  • His voyages would:
    • Open new markets in Africa, Asia and Europe
    • Brought new ideas
    • Helped increase settlement of other areas.
results
Results
  • The Chinese during the 16th Century would now have connections with Japan, Phillippines, Portugal, and the Dutch.
  • Eventually a city would be set up for these foreigners in 1555 known as Macau.
    • This would occur under the Qing Dynasty which would depose the Ming completely in the early 17th Century.