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William Shakespeare 1564-1616. Right: the most common image of Shakespeare Below: his epitaph. Well-known Facts about WS. Shakespeare is considered the greatest English writer of all time. His plays and sonnets have translated into all languages, musicals, and ballets.

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william shakespeare 1564 1616
William Shakespeare1564-1616
  • Right: the most common image of Shakespeare
  • Below: his epitaph
well known facts about ws
Well-known Facts about WS
  • Shakespeare is considered the greatest English writer of all time.
  • His plays and sonnets have translated into all languages, musicals, and ballets.
  • He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, England, in 1564.
  • His works are the most quoted in the world, other than the Bible.
information you might not hear
Information You Might Not Hear
  • Teen father: married pregnant 26 year old Anne Hathaway when he was 18
  • Deadbeat dad: Left wife and children for London stage career
  • Father of twins
  • Elizabethan rapper: uses rhythm and rhyme
  • “Plagiarism”? Accused of stealing ideas for plays from the writer Christopher Marlowe
the entertainment competition in shakespeare s time
The Entertainment Competition in Shakespeare’s Time
  • Bear-baiting
  • Races
  • Gambling
  • Music
  • Drinking/socializing
  • Public executions
living conditions in london were bad
Living Conditions in London were BAD!
  • No running water
  • Thames River and streets were polluted with raw sewage
  • Chamber pots were used and thrown out windows onto the streets
  • Trees used up for fuel
  • Poverty was rampant
  • People lived in crowded spaces
personal hygiene and health in 16 th century england
Personal Hygiene and Health in 16th Century England
  • Bathing was considered dangerous but it was easier for the rich because they had servants to help them boil water, etc.
  • Body odor was very strong
  • Clothing was not washed regularly
  • Childhood diseases caused many children to die before age 5
  • Bubonic Plague---which is carried by rats and flies--- was everywhere
clothing
Clothing
  • One set was used all year long and rarely washed
  • Underclothing was slept in and infrequently changed
  • Clothes were handed down from rich to poor
  • Men wore outfits like this called a doublet and hose
london theater 16 th century
London Theater, 16th Century
  • Plays were performed in courtyards of inns
  • The Theater- the first public theater-opened in1576
  • Daytime in the open air
  • Limited set design
  • Relied on music, sound, costumes, props, and great description
  • Many plays had a narrator
the globe theater was the home of shakespeare
The Globe Theater was the Home of Shakespeare
  • Built in 1599
  • Across the Thames- “Wrong side of town”
  • King’s Players - Shakespeare’s company
  • Penny admission-This made it affordable to everyone. Used the theater to send political statements, etc.
actors
Actors
  • All men
  • Female parts played by young boys
  • No actual kissing or hugging on stage
  • Had to speak loudly for everyone to hear them
the audience
The Audience
  • Poor audience members were known as Groundlings
  • Groundlings stood around stage in “the pit” on the dirt floor (which could be muddy)
  • Women were not allowed in the pit (had to dress up as men to attend)
  • Those close to the stage threw rotten vegetables at bad performances
  • The more affluent you were, the higher up in the theater you could sit
queen elizabeth i was the monarch
Queen Elizabeth I was the Monarch
  • Illegitimate daughter of King Henry VIII and Ann Boleyn (2nd of his 6 wives)
  • Henry had Ann beheaded for “treason” after Elizabeth was born
  • Younger sister of “Bloody Mary” or Mary Queen of Scots
  • Was known to be bald so she wore wigs
  • Known as the virgin queen because she never married
  • Wore the ring of the monarchy on her wedding finger; she said she was married to England
her loving parents
Her “loving” parents
  • King Henry VIII
  • Had 6 wives: Divorced, Beheaded, Died, Divorced, Beheaded, Survived
  • Founded the Anglican Church
  • Split with the Catholic Church over divorce
  • Ann Boelyn
  • Second wife
  • Beheaded
shakespeare wrote during the renaissance
Shakespeare Wrote During The Renaissance
  • 1500-1650
  • “Rebirth” of arts, culture, science
  • Discovery of the “New World”
  • Copernicus discovered that the earth orbited the sun or the Sun-centered Universe (1543)
  • King Henry VIII = renaissance man (ideal)
    • Smart, well-dressed, appreciated the arts, well-rounded
  • Reformation of Catholic Church
    • Caused when King Henry VIII wanted to divorce his first wife
    • Creation of the Anglican Church in England
slide15
Have you heard ofRomeo and Juliet? Then YOU know Shakespeare!Shakespeare’s Most Famous PlayMultiple Movie Versions
romeo and juliet
Romeo and Juliet
  • Tragedy
  • Written in 1595
  • Set in Verona, Italy
  • Themes: parental control/rebellious teens; fate/freewill; impulsive behavior/self-control
  • Based on a true story; this is Juliet’s home in Verona, Italy today
what did shakespeare write
What did Shakespeare write?
  • Comedies
    • Taming of the Shrew
    • A Midsummer Night’s Dream
  • Tragedies
    • Hamlet, Macbeth, Anthony and Cleopatra, Titus Andronicus
  • Histories
    • Henry V, Richard II
  • 154 Sonnets, mostly known by their number not a title
a midsummer night s dream
A Midsummer Night’s Dream
  • Unlike many of his other plays, it does not include any historical figures.
  • The feast of John the Baptist was celebrated as an English festival on June 24 (Midsummer Day).
  • It was believed that on Midsummer Night, the fairies and witches held their festival.
  • To dream about Midsummer Night was to conjure up images of fairies and witches and other similar creatures and supernatural events.
  • All characters and plot are purely fictitious but Shakespeare may have based parts of the play on The Knight's Tale by Geoffrey Chaucer (1340 - 1400).
allusions in midsummer
Allusions in Midsummer
  • Queen Titania and King Oberon- rulers of the Fairy realm.
  • Puck-mischief maker in the Fairy world
theseus and hippolyta
Theseus and Hippolyta
  • Theseus- Greek hero that killed the Minotaur
  • Hippolyta-Amazon Queen
pyramus and thesbe
Pyramus and Thesbe
  • Pyramus and Thisbe is the story of two star crossed lovers that end up dying in the end due to confusion. It is a copy of “Romeo and Juliet”