slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
gd:sf/ PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
gd:sf/

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 57

gd:sf/ - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 133 Views
  • Uploaded on

gd:sf/. cf=j=@)&)÷)&! sf] jflifs k|ult ;dLIff uf]i7L @)&!.$.)!. :jfutd. lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlts]f sfo{fno b}n]v. k|:t'tstf{ M elQm/fd d/fl;gL of]hgf cg'udg tyf k|zf;lso clws[t lh=lj=;=sf] sfof{no b}n]v. != lhNnfsf] ;+lIfKt kl/ro. l;dfgf k"j{ M hfh/sf]6 klZrd M c5fd

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

gd:sf/


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. gd:sf/ cf=j=@)&)÷)&! sf] jflifs k|ult ;dLIff uf]i7L @)&!.$.)! :jfutd\

    2. lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlts]f sfo{fno b}n]v k|:t'tstf{ M elQm/fd d/fl;gL of]hgf cg'udg tyf k|zf;lso clws[t lh=lj=;=sf] sfof{no b}n]v

    3. != lhNnfsf] ;+lIfKt kl/ro l;dfgf k"j{ M hfh/sf]6 klZrd M c5fd pQ/ M sfnLsf]6 blIf0f M ;'v]{t cIf+f; M @*)#%Ú­–@()*Ú pQ/ b]zfGt/ M *!)@%… ­– *!)%# Ú k"j{

    4. ;d'Gb| ;tx b]lv prfO{ cf};t prfO{ M !$$* ld6/ -b}n]v ahf/ _ clwstd prfO{ M $!^* ld6/ -dxfa' n]s _ Go"gtd pr M %$$ ld6/ -tNnf] 8'Ë]Zj/_

    5. w/ftn kxf8L M *) k|ltzt pRr kxf8L M @) k|ltzt /fhg}lts ljefhg ljsf; If]q M dWoklZrdf~rn c~rn M e]/L ;b/d'sfd M b}n]v ahf/ lgjf{rg If]q M @ uf=lj=;= M $( gu/kflnsf M @ Onfsf M !!

    6. e" –pkof]u s'n If]qkmn M !,%),)%! x]S6/ jg h+un M *(,*(( x]S6/ r/g If]q M #,^(* x]S6/ r6fg, af6f], cfjf; M !#,### x]S6/ s[lif of]Uo e"ld M $#,!@! x]S6/ v]tL gul/Psf] e"ld M *,^@$ x]S6/ -s[lif of]Uo e"ld dWo]_] v]tL ul/Psf] e"ld M #$,$(& x]S6/ jif{ el/ l;+rfO{ x'g] M !,%#& x]S6/ df};dL l;+rfO{ x'g] M &,))( x]S6/ cl;+lrt If]qkmn M @%,(%! x]S6/

    7. lzIff K|ff =lj=;+Vof M ##( j6f lg=df=lj= ;+Vof M *^j6f df=lj= ;+Vof M $^ j6f pRr df=lj= ;+Vof M $! j6f SofDk; M % j6f af]l8{ª :s'n M & j6f ;fIf/tf M ^@=( k|ltzt dlxnf ;fIf/tf M %@=(k|ltzt k'?if ;fIf/tf M &@=* k|ltzt afn lasf; s]Gb| M #$) j6f

    8. :jf:Yo lhNnf c:ktfn M ! - !% z}of_ k|fylds :jf:Yo s]Gb| M # - # z}of _ :jf:Yo rf}sL M ^ j6f pk:jf:Yo rf}sL M %) j6f cfFvf pkrf/ s]Gb| M ! j6f cfo'j]{b c:ktfn M @ j6f hGdb/ M #$=) k|lt xhf/ d[To'b/ M !)=& k|lt xhf/ lzz' d[To'b/ M (&=% k|lt xhf/ dft[ d[To'b/ M $=)# k|lt xhf/ cf};t cfo' M ^# aif{

    9. hg;+Vof -@)^* hgu0fgf cg';f/_ s'n hg;+Vof M @^!&&) dlxnf M !#$&*) -%!=$( %_ k'?if M !@^(() -$*=%! %_ 3/w'/L ;+Vof M $*(!( cf}ift kl/jf/ ;+Vof M %=#% hg3gTj M !&$ k|tL ju{ ls=ld= cfly{s cj:yf s[lif k]zf M (@ k|ltzt Hofnf dhb'/L M ^ k|ltzt Jofkf/ / hfuL/ M @ k|ltzt

    10. ;~rf/ gu/kflnsf If]qdf 6]lnkmf]g M %)) nfOgIfdtf -xfn $!% rfn' _ ;b/d'sfdjflx/ M & nfO{g lhNnfx'nfssfof{no M ! Onfsfx'nfs M & cltl/Qmx'nfs M $& PkmPd M @ :yfgLoklqsf M @ k|fs[lts >f]t gbL M s0ff{nLgbL, /fdfuf8, 5fduf8, nf]xf]/] vf]nf M tf/3f6, tfd]4f/L , k/fh'nvf]nf, ;fgfvf]nf, gfeL:yfg, kfb'sf:yfgsfg]uf8, s6L{vf]nf, lrg]uf8, /tLvf]nf vlghkbfy{ k|fs[ltsUofF;, kmnfd, v/L, r'g9'Ëf, :n]6, nfdf, ce|s, sfOgfO6, uf]d]b, uGwscflb

    11. wfld{s :yn >L:yfg, kfb'sf:yfg, w'n]Zj/, sf]6Lnf, tNnf]8'Ë]Zj/, gfeL:yfg, j]nf;k'/ d7 dlGb/ :jfdLsflt{s, sflnsfb]jL, rfd'08f, ejfgLb]jL, a]nf;k'/ e}/j, gf/fo0f dlGb/, u0f]z dlGb/, jh|e}/j cflb P]ltxfl;s / ko{6sLo :yn >L:yfg ,gfle:yfg, kfb'sf:yfg, sf]l6nf , w'n]Zj/, j]nf;k'/

    12. Ef}ltsk|utLlaj/0f

    13. cfo Joo tkm{ ? xhf/

    14. cfGtl/s cfo -/fhZj afF8kmfF8af6 k|fKtafx]s_ -/sd ? xhf/df_

    15. uf=lj=;=sf] cfo Joo tkm{ -/sd ? xhf/df_

    16. a]?h' tkm{ -/sd ? xhf/df_

    17. ;Dk'/s sf]if tkm{ -/sd ? xhf/df_

    18. nlIftju{ tyf ;fdflhs ;dfj]zLs/0f tkm{_

    19. ;fdflhs ;/Iffsfo{s|d-/sd ? xhf/df_

    20. ;fdflhs kl/rfng tkm{

    21. ;fdflhs kl/rfng tkm{ ? Xhf/df

    22. 7'nf k'jf{wf/hGo of]hgfx?

    23. ;fgfl;rfO{ of]hgf

    24. ;fj{hlgslgdf{0f, glb lgoGq0f tyf t6jGwgtkm{

    25. lhNnfljsf; ;ldlt, u|fld0f vfg]kfgLtkm{

    26. ;/;kmfO{ k|jb{g tkm{

    27. 4Gb k|efljtljz]if sfo{qmd

    28. ;8s k'ntkm{ -Motorable Bridge)

    29. emf]n'Ë] k'ntkm{ -Suspension/Suspended Bridge)

    30. ;8stkm{

    31. hg;xeflutfd'nssfo{qmdtkm{

    32. ;+:s[lt tyf ko{6g ljsf; tkm{{

    33. lgjf{rg If]q ljsf; sfo{qmdtkm

    34. lnln x]Ne]6f; -/sd ? xhf/df_

    35. ef/lto ;xof]udf ;~rflnt;+rflntsfo{qmd-/sd ? xhf/df_

    36. k|jb{gfTdssfo{qmdtkm{

    37. aif{ e/Lsf pNn]]Vo sfo{;Dkfbgx? • jl:t tyf j8f :t/jf6 g} ;xeflutfd'ns of]hgf th'dfsf] ;j} r/0f kf/ u/L df+u eO{ cfPsf of]hgfdf dfq jh]6 ljlgof]hg ul/ sfof{Gjog ul/Psf] . • ;g @)!$ ;Dddf lhNnfnfO{ v'Nnf lbzf d'Qm agfpg hf/L ul/Psf] b}n]v ;/;kmfO{ 3f]if0ff kq cg';f/ cleofg rnfO{ o; cf= j= df yk !# j6f uf=lj=;= nfO{ v'nf lb;f d'Qm uf=lj=;= 3f]if0ff ul/ zf}rfno k|of]u ug]{sf] ;+Vof *) k|ltzt k/\ofPsf] . • ;DkGg k'jf{wf/sf] cj:yf emlNsg] kmf]6f]x?nfO{ e'QmfgL ;+u cfj4 ul/ ;fdflhs n]vfkl/If0f / of]hgf :yndf xf]l8Ëjf]8{ clgjfo{ /fVg nufO{ kfb{lz{tf sfod ul/Psf] • pkef]Qmf ;ldlt / ;/f]sf/jfnfnfO{ tflnd, :yflgo ;~rf/ dfWod, kl/kq tyf cg'lzIf0f dfkm{t ;hu u/fO{ lh lj ; leqsf clwsf+; of]hgfx? ;dod} ;DkGg ug{ ;kmntf k|fKt . • of]hgfx?df dd{t ;Def/ sf]if lgdf{0f / kl/rfngnfO{ k|efjsf/L kfl/Psf] . • ljleGg lqmofsnfkx? th{‘'df, sfof{Gjog / Ifdtf ljsf;df nlIft ;d'xsf] pNn]Vo ;xeflutf .

    38. hnjfo'' kl/jt{gsf] b[li6n] pRrhf]lvddf /x]sf % uf=lj=;= sf] :yfgLohnjfo' cg's'ng of]hgf, !! j6f uf=lj=;= sf] cfjlws of]hgf !# uf=lj=;= sf] hnpkof]u u'? of]hgf / % uf=lj=;=sf] :yfgLoljktJoj:yfkg of]hgfsf] sfof{Gjog e}/x]sf] / yk @ j6f uflj ; dfhnpkof]u u'? of]hgftof/ e}/sf] • lhNnfoftfoftu'?of]hgf jdf]lhdsf;8sx?nfO{ k|fyfldstflbO{ sfof{GjogdfNofO{Psf] / lgld{t ;8snfO{ ;j{ofd ;Grfng of]Uojgfpgkxnul/Psf] . • of]hgf :yndf b]lvPsf ;d:of ;dfwfgug{ / lgdf{0f sfo{ ;dod} ;DkGg u/fpgsf] nfluuf=lj=;= ;lrj / ;fdflhskl/rfnsnfO{ ;d]t kl/rfngul/Psf] . • 6'qm] of]hgfdfnufgLgul/ 7f]; sfo{ ug{ hf]8 lbOPsf] . • ljsf; lgdf{0f k|lqmofdf >dd"nsk|ljlw :yfkgfug{ k|of; ul/Psf] .

    39. d'Vo r'gf}tLx? • ;dljsf;, lbuf] ljsf;, ljsf;df ;fdflhs Gofo, ljsf; lgdf{0fdf k|efjsf/Ltf hg;+nUgtf, ;Gt'lnt ljsf; h:tf ljsf;sf gljg df]8]n k|of]u ul/ ljsf; lgdf{0f k|lqmofnfO{ al9 u'0f:tl/o, >dd"ns / pTkfbg d'ns agfpg . • dxTjk'0f{ ;8s lgdf{0fsf] sfo{ lhNnfjf;Lsf] ck]Iff jdf]lhd ;dod} ;DkGg ug{ ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfo, sfof{nox? ljr ;dGjo ug{ sl7gfO{ ePsf] . • Xfd|f ljleGg lsl;dsf ;Defjgf -hl8j'6L, k'/ftflGjs ;Dkbf, k|fs[lts >f]t, o'jf zlQm _ x?sf] ;+/If0f, ;Djw{g / kl/rfng ul/ pTkfbg If]qdf of]ubfg a9fpg . • lhNnfsf] cfGtl/s cfo j[l4df bL3{sflng >f]t Joj:yfkg / kl/rfng ug{ . • lhNnfleq ljsf; lgdf{0f ;DjlGw lqmoflzn ;Dk"0f ;+3 ;:yf, ljifout sfo{fno ljr k|efjsf/L ;dGjo sfod ul/ sfo{ ;Dkfbgdf bf]xf]/f]kgf x6fpg] . • ;DkGg of]hgfx?sf] lbuf]kgfsf] nflu pkef]Stfx?sf] ckGjTj dx;'; u/fpg cem} r'gf}tL /x]sf] .

    40. lg:sif{ • cf=j= )&).)&! df o; lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltjf6 ;Dkflbt sfo{x? hg OR5f cg'?k g} ;Dkfbg ePsf] ljZjf; ul/Psf] 5 h:df ljlQo k|ult *^ k|ltzt / ef}lts k|ult () k|ltzt eO{, xfd|f] sfo{;Dkfbgdf b]lvPsf ;d:of / r'gf}ltnfO{ cj;/sf] ?kdf kl/0ft ub}{ ljsf; lgdf{0f;+u ;/f]sf/ /fVg] ;Dk'0f{ ;+3 ;:yf, ljifout sfof{no, /fhg}lts bn / gful/s ;dfhsf] ;xsfo{ / ;dGjodf cfufdL lbgdf ;dGjofTds sfo{ ug{ ;s] o; lhNnfsf] eljZo pHhn /xg] s'/fdf b'O{ dt 5}g\ .

    41. l;rfO{ s'nf] lgdf{0f

    42. l6k]/Lvf]nf ;8s k'n

    43. l6k]/Lvf]nf ;8s k'n

    44. ;8ssf] gof+ 6\o|fs vf]Ng] sfo{ -bf}8]jf/L vfnL8f+8f_

    45. RAP s]f b]zLuf8] dxfa' ;8s

    46. Vffg]kfgL of]hgf lgdf{0f