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Evaluation of Innovation Systems. Rigas Arvanitis ESTIME Coordinating team. Innovation is a complex economic and social process. Some countries are rapidly growing on the basis of more innovation and competitivity Innovations depend on a large array of enhancing factors

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evaluation of innovation systems

Evaluation of Innovation Systems

Rigas Arvanitis

ESTIME Coordinating team

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

innovation is a complex economic and social process
Innovation is a complex economic and social process
  • Some countries are rapidly growing on the basis of more innovation and competitivity
  • Innovations depend on a large array of enhancing factors
  • An evaluation of the innovation system needs to decribe strengths and weaknesses

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

basic concepts
Basic concepts
  • Innovation is linked to, but not limited to R&D
  • Innovation depends upon technological learning
  • Innovation depends upon an institutional environment

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

r d and learning
R&D and learning
  • Learning is rooted in entreprises and located in strategic activities of firms
  • Technology transfers depend more on who absorbs technology
  • Small and medium sized companies have different needs than large firms
  • R&D is an interactive process

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

interactive link chain model of research
Interactive link-chain model of research

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

an evaluation of the innovation system should
An evaluation of the innovation system should
  • Describe the institutionnal set-up
    • Central regulatory institutions
    • Specialized agencies
    • Corporate and private institutions that promote technology and innovations, and entrepreneurial activities
    • Universities, institutes, and technical centres that promote technologies
    • Technological initiatives and networks

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

an evaluation of the innovation system should 1
An evaluation of the innovation system should –1
  • Measure resources
    • Public resources (science, technology and innovations)
    • Privately managed resources
    • Sources of funding and venture capital

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

an evaluation of the innovation system should 2
An evaluation of the innovation system should – 2
  • Describe framework rules and policy
    • education and training
    • Patenting and intellectual property rights
    • competition
    • regulatory reform toward businesses
    • financial and fiscal measures toward small firms
    • labour market
    • communications measures
    • foreign investment and trade policy
    • regional policy

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

an evaluation of the innovation system should 3
An evaluation of the innovation system should – 3
  • Describe R&D performance
    • At public research centres
    • Universities
    • Technical centres supporting industry, agriculture, health, services
    • R&D in private and public companies

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

an evaluation of the innovation system should 4
An evaluation of the innovation system should – 4
  • Describe techno-economic networks
    • Technical collaborations
    • International cooperation
    • Technopoles, business incubators, specialized industrial zones and free-trade zones
    • Bridging institutions
    • Valorization of uses of research and experiences of successful innovations

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

an evaluation of the innovation system should 5
An evaluation of the innovation system should – 5
  • Describe infrastructure and technical services
    • Metrology and instrumentation
    • Design centres, technical centres
    • Facilities for R&D and technical developments
    • Basic infrastructures (energy, communications, and so on)

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

an evaluation of the innovation system should 6
An evaluation of the innovation system should – 6
  • Describe human capital and training
    • Universities
    • Technical and engineering training
    • Vocational education
    • Computer sciences
    • On the job training
    • Education as a system

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

an evaluation of the innovation system should finally
An evaluation of the innovation system should – finally
  • Give a view of the performance of the system
    • Economic specialization patterns
    • Competitiveness indicators
    • Firms and entrepreneurial activities

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

tools for evaluating the innovation system
Tools for evaluating the innovation system
  • Socio-economic description of institutions promoting innovation
  • Innovation surveys
  • Surveys of uses of research and valorisation
  • Reprocessing of innovation surveys, firm typologies
  • Economic and management evaluations of R&D performance and innovation
  • Sectoral descriptions of technological developments

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

example mexico innovation system
Example : Mexico innovation system
  • Coordinated by the S&T council
  • One coordinator
  • Nine sociological and economic teams
  • Large discussion seminars with scholars and stakeholders (main actors of the system)
    • See: Cimoli, M. Ed. (2000). Developing innovation systems: Mexico in a Global Context. London, Pinter.

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

example mexico innovation system topics of the evaluation
Example : Mexico innovation system – topics of the evaluation
  • Macro-economic setting and production system
  • Specialization and production patterns
  • Institutions of the Mexican NIS
  • Human resources and competencies
  • University-industry linkages
  • Sectoral patterns of industrial growth and technological developement:
    • Chemical sector, Biotechnology, Pharmaceuticals, Automobiles, SMEs and Large companies

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

depth and size of an evaluation
Depth and size of an evaluation
  • No evaluation of the innovation system can be exhaustive
    • Strategic areas and policy have to be defined
    • Structural aspects are usually covered by previous good socio-economic research
    • Focus on :
      • Promotion activities
      • Specific sectors

IRD/Savoirs et Développement

experience from other countries
Experience from other countries
  • High learning economies (South East Asia, China) have been good at :
    • Giving entreprises funds and structural support –not relying only on free trade
    • Suporting actively industrial activities by the State –engineering, training, technical support, infrastructure
    • Supporting entrepreneurial activities of small firms
    • Supporting specific companies

IRD/Savoirs et Développement