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Literary Genres. Standards & Benchmarks. CNMI 7 th grade Language Arts STANDARD 1: Reading STANDARD 4: Literature. OBJECTIVES. SWBAT identify the characteristics of 13 literary genres SWBAT participate in class discussion about each literary genre

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slide2

Standards&Benchmarks

  • CNMI 7th grade Language Arts
  • STANDARD 1: Reading
  • STANDARD 4: Literature
objectives
OBJECTIVES
  • SWBAT identify the characteristics of 13 literary genres
  • SWBAT participate in class discussion about each literary genre
  • SWBAT ask questions about each literary genre to gain a better understanding of it
  • SWBAT complete a summary sheet based on the examples of the Literary Genres taught (analyzing each story’s elements and overall plot as well as its theme or moral lesson, if any.
  • SWBAT, create a personal genre reference guide
slide4

Essential Question

How do I identify a genre by its characteristics?

what is a literary genre

What is a literary genre?

A genre is a particular style or type of writing or story

major genres
Major Genres

Non-Fiction

Writing or a story that tells about real people and events

Martin Luther King, Jr.

  • Fiction
    • Writing or a story that tells about imaginary people and events

Edward Cullen

biography
Biography
  • Non-fiction (Not Fake)
  • Bio- life, Graphy- write
  • story of a real person’s life written by another person
    • Ex. Jack writes about Jill’s life
  • can cover the person’s aka subject’s :
    • whole life
    • part of the life
    • a single incident in life
  • the author collects the facts about the subject’s life through:
    • Interviews with the subject or subject’s family
    • Reading diaries or journals
  • written from the third person point of view (he or she)

Helen Keller

Annie Sullivan

autobiography
Autobiography
  • Non-fiction (Not Fake)
  • Auto- self, Bio- life Graphy- write
  • a story of a real person’s life written by his or her self

Ex. Jill writes about her childhood

  • usually covers the subject’s entire life span (birth to death)
  • a memoir is a subclass
    • journals, diaries, or logs kept
    • Memoirists were politicians and military persons to account public events with focus on other people
  • written from the first person point of view (I or me)

Anne Frank

Monica

Sone

slide9

Realistic Fiction

  • Fiction (made up story)
  • Realistic setting
  • Characters are believable
  • Describes real-life problems and events
  • Stories can be:
    • Adventures
    • Dramas
    • Comedies
    • Mysteries

Home Alone

historical fiction
Historical Fiction
  • Fiction (made up)
  • Settings are of times and places well known in history
  • Some of the characters are well known people who had lived long ago
  • Includes fictitious (made up) characters and circumstances relating to important people and events in history
science fiction
Science Fiction
  • Fiction (made up)
  • Settings are of times and places usually in the future or outer space
  • Characters may include aliens, people with supernatural powers, futuristic beings (ex. Robots)
  • Story includes science and known facts, but takes them to another level where things aren’t possible yet, (ex. medicine that doesn’t exist
fantasy
Fantasy
  • Fiction (made up)
  • Settings are timeless places that do not exist
  • Characters are usually beings that are not real
  • Story includes impossible situations that can’t take place in the real world
  • Subclasses or types of Fantasies:
    • Ghost Stories or Supernatural Fiction (The Eye)
    • Time Fantasy (A Wrinkle in Time)
    • Fables or Fantasy Animal Fiction (Tortoise and the Hare)
    • High Fantasy (Harry Potter Series, Spiderwick Chronicles)
    • Science Fiction is also a type of fantasy
fairytale
Fairytale
  • Fiction (made up)
  • Settings include castles, meadows, or enchanted forests in a faraway land
  • Characters often include royalty (“Charming Prince) and enchanted creatures like dragons, witches, fairies, etc.
  • Magic is a key characteristic
  • Usual theme is good versus evil
  • Often starts with “Once upon a time...” and ends with, “…and they lived happily ever after. The End.”

Castles

Princesses

Witches

Gnomes

Fairies

Mermaid

slide14

Fable

  • Fiction (made up)
  • Setting is usually a timeless place
  • Characters are usually animals that behave as humans do: talk, use clothes, and walk upright
  • Characters may also act in ways which represent a human trait: sneaky fox, gentle lamb, wise owl, etc.
  • Story usually has a life lesson or moral to teach

Little Red Riding Hood

  • The Tortoise and the
  • Hare

The 3Little Pigs

folk tale
Folk Tale
  • Fiction (made up)
  • Original storyteller is unknown
  • Story is passed down from generation to generation
  • Story is usually about the people’s culture, customs, and beliefs
  • Told to teach children morals, values, or truths
  • Told in many different versions by many different people
  • Referred to as Folklore

White Lady

slide16
Myth

Medusa

  • Fiction (made up)
  • Characters often encounter gods and goddesses
  • Story explains how things came to exist or answers questions about the meaning of life
  • Related to folktales, legends, and aspects of tall tales

Tonga Creation

Hilitai’s Spots

Pele

legend
Legend

Robin Hood

Taga

  • Fiction (made up)
  • Story involves a hero or heroine who may have lived long ago
  • Story may have started with facts, but other details have been added, making it unreal
  • Story tells of character overcoming great challenges
  • Related to folktales, myths, and tall tales

King Arthur

Flame tree

tall tale
Tall Tale
  • Fiction (made up)
  • American folklore, that involves a person who may have lived long ago with extraordinary abilities
  • Storytellers (pioneer age) may have started with facts, but exaggerated details (hyperbole “LARGER THAN LIFE”) have been added—making it beyond belief
  • Usually humorous and witty
  • Related to folktales, myths, and legends

Molly

Pitcher

Johnny Appleseed

Paul Bunyan

poetry

Ballad

Haiku

Tanka

Onomatopoeia

Acrostic

Couplet

Limerick

Cinquain

Diamanté

Quatrain

Sonnet

Epic

Elegy

Ode

Lyric

Poetry

Shakespeare

  • Can be fiction or non-fiction
  • Can rhyme or not
  • Has many types of rhyme schemes, meters, styles
  • Uses literary devices: repetition, choosing words for sound, alliteration, assonance, consonance, etc.
  • Often expresses thoughts and emotions

Emily

Dickenson

Edgar Alan Poe

Mary Howitt

Masaoka

Shiki

references
References
  • www.images.google.com
  • http://www.fantasticfiction.co.uk/images/n5/n26750.jpg
  • http://www.personal.psu.edu/ser5092/blogs/lled_402_blog/pecos%20bill.jpg
  • http://www.voanews.com/specialenglish/images/johnny-appleseed-w-19may07_.jpg
  • http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/notable/pitcherm/
  • http://42explore.com/talltale.htm
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tall_tale
  • http://www.iwatchstuff.com/2007/11/06/beowulf-final-poster.jpg
  • http://lighthousepatriotjournal.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/king_arthur_4.jpg
  • http://image.guardian.co.uk/sys-images/Arts/Arts_/Pictures/2007/06/07/robin460.jpg
  • http://bestoflegends.org/
  • http://www.pennsylvania-mountains-of-attractions.com/images/wopsywhitelady.jpg
  • http://www.greatnorthroad.org/bboard/images/0509/flame_tree1.jpg
  • http://media.photobucket.com/image/Chamorro%20warrior/lerome03/1.jpg
  • http://www.mythweb.com/encyc/images/medusa.html
  • http://www.worldfolktales.com/Resources/ordern5.jpeg
  • http://tasithoughts.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/dancers.jpg
  • http://www.movietrimmer.com/content/default/english/images/movies/115201_3.jpg
  • www.cspaworkshop.org/.../edward%20cullen.jpg
  • http://www.disneyshorts.org/years/1935/graphics/tortoiseandthehare/tortoiseandthehare5.html
  • http://www.zahradka-art.com/images/artwork/Little%20Red%20Riding%20Hood.jpg
  • http://www.greenwichworkshop.com/media/images/ThreeLittlePigs.jpg
  • http://media.photobucket.com/image/fairy%20dust/Enchanted_Ways/Leanin%20Tree/CRDFairyDust.jpg
  • http://www.teachnet-lab.org/fklane/pmaslow/macbeth/Colin.Witches.jpg
  • http://www.indianchieftravel.com/files/u1/GermanCastle.png
  • http://tinypic.com/view.php?pic=2q19pqu&s=5
  • http://images.contentreserve.com/ImageType-100/0591-1/%7B484C7B36-EBF0-4C8D-A64B-930C52F45F6D%7DImg100.jpg
  • http://z.about.com/d/goscandinavia/1/0/p/0/-/-/mermaid.jpg
  • http://buildingthelifeyouwant.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/the_tortoise_and_the_hare.jpg
  • http://buildingthelifeyouwant.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/the_tortoise_and_the_hare.jpg
  • http://www.hotspots.hawaii.com/wrinkleintime/2000.gif
  • http://www.filmfodder.com/reviews/archives/the_eye.jpg
  • http://www.canmag.com/images/front/transformers/transformers47.jpg
  • http://www.ssmpl.ca/uploads/Children/harry-potter.jpg
  • http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=I+am+Legend&form=QBIR&qs=n#focal=b304bc7cdba8a8d679de9f54a5bf07c1&furl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.impawards.com%2F2007%2Fposters%2Fi_am_legend_ver4.jpg
  • http://www.winds.org/~arren/backgrounds/new/star-trek-enterprise-d-rings.jpg
  • http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_R4kHvzHdMTk/R3JThj7PSUI/AAAAAAAAEyw/hg9a_0EPzps/s200/War+of+the+Worlds+(2005)+DVDRip.jpg
  • http://www.turbogadgets.com/2007/02/03/iward-next-generation-caregivers/
  • http://i41.photobucket.com/albums/e252/Skygirl666/journeytothecenteroftheearth.jpg
  • http://www.canmag.com/images/front/movies2006/transformers1.jpg
  • http://images.bestwebbuys.com/muze/books/27/9780316807227.jpg
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masaoka_Shiki
  • http://nottinghamchurches.org/images/maryhowitt.jpg
  • http://bc.edu/schools/cas/english/meta-elements/jpg/Poe.jpg
  • http://www.massbook.org/dickinson.jpg
  • http://www.sonoma.edu/users/b/babula/shakescombo.gif
  • http://www.christiancinema.com/catalog/images/littlewomen_dvd_md.jpg
  • http://images.movie-gazette.com/revimg/forrest-gump.jpg
  • http://images.movie-gazette.com/revimg/forrest-gump.jpg
  • http://www.the-reel-mccoy.com/movies/2001/images/PearlHarborPoster.jpg
  • http://www.kimball.k12.sd.us/FIRE/home%20alone.jpg
  • http://profile.ak.facebook.com/object3/1779/61/n63192040661_1917.jpg
  • http://i23.photobucket.com/albums/b382/Tresaqwe2/iCarly.jpg
  • http://media.ask.com/Movies/amgmov/dvd/cov150/drt100/t199/t19978ev3b4.jpg
  • http://bigdaddyseashell.files.wordpress.com/2008/04/martin-luther-king-jr.jpg
  • www.microsoftoffice.com
  • http://www.trickfilmwelt.de/Spongebob.gif
  • Scott Foresman Reading – grade 3