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Opportunities to Work in Scotland. Dr. Patrick Watt Futureskills Scotland 25 th November 2008. New Horizons – Responding to the Challenges of the 21 st Century. Social Cohesion - Benefits to the wider community of having more graduates Graduates have:

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Opportunities to work in scotland

Opportunities to Work in Scotland

Dr. Patrick Watt

Futureskills Scotland

25th November 2008


New horizons responding to the challenges of the 21 st century
New Horizons – Responding to the Challenges of the 21st Century

Social Cohesion - Benefits to the wider community of having more graduates

Graduates have:

  • More awareness of, and interest in, politics and environmental issues;

  • A higher tolerance for racial, sexual and cultural diversity; and

  • A greater likelihood to volunteer.

    All well and good. But there is a question you may wish to ask yourself

    …what’s in it for me?


Some key questions
Some Key Questions

  • What jobs are out there for graduates?

  • How many graduates now compared to the past?

  • What’s the benefit of having a degree?

    • Participation effects (having and keeping a job)

    • Wage premium (earning more)

  • What do employers think of graduates?

  • What are employers looking for?

  • What makes a good job?


What is a graduate job
What Is A ‘Graduate’ Job?

  • Traditional

    e.g. solicitors and medical practitioners

  • Modern

    e.g. software professionals, computer programming and journalism

  • New

    e.g. occupational therapy, management and accountancy

  • Niche

    e.g. leisure and sports managers, hospitality, retail management and nursing


Graduate labour market in scotland
Graduate Labour Market in Scotland

  • ‘The graduate debate’

  • The value of qualifications

  • qualifications pay

  • ..also helps in finding and sustaining work

  • graduates continue to earn more than non-graduates

  • the wage premium has been maintained

  • education and training makes the difference


The labour market of the future
The Labour Market of the Future?

  • Longer-term view (10 year)

  • Based on trends (last 20 years)

  • Key Messages

    • Modest jobs growth

    • Ageing workforce

    • More higher-qualified people

    • Growth in higher-skilled occupations

    • Replacement demand means

    • Opportunities in all sectors

    • Opportunities in all occupations


Employer perception of new recruits

Scotland 2006

100%

Well prepared

Poorly prepared

80%

60%

81%

40%

75%

61%

20%

0%

-13%

-21%

-34%

-20%

-40%

School leavers

FE College leavers

HE graduates

Employer Perception of New Recruits


Recruitment and employer expectations

Most employers understood the nature of HE provision

Are usually recruited onto specialist training schemes or positions where a degree is required

No quality issues in terms of graduates recruited

Some quantity issues – nature of job/organisation

Higher expectations of graduate recruits

Formal training provided, including specific graduate trainee programmes

..key expectations

progress at faster pace

need less support

innovate and

take on more responsibility

Recruitment and employer expectations


What do we mean by well prepared
What do we mean by ‘well-prepared’?

  • What does ‘well-prepared’ mean to employers?

    • Good technical/job-related skills

    • Good communication skills

    • Strong work ethic

  • Work-preparedness affects

    • The strength of the contribution that the recruit can make

    • The time taken from recruitment to making this positive contribution


What makes a good job
What Makes a Good Job..

  • The ’average’ response (Work Skills in Scotland – all workers)

    • work that you like doing

    • a secure job

    • good pay

    • friendly people to work with

    • good relationship with supervisor or manager

    • the opportunity to use your abilities

    • a job where you can use your initiative

  • Personal preferences

    • What interests you? What skills and abilities do you have?

    • What’s important to you? Where can you seek career advice?

    • …the role of Lifelong Learning and Career Planning?


Opportunities to work in scotland1

Opportunities to Work in Scotland

Dr. Patrick Watt

Futureskills Scotland

25th November 2008