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Outlining the U.S. Constitution. Articles I-III Three Branches of Government. Preamble. Unite people Liberty to all Justice to all Defense Domestic peace Promote general welfare to people to better themselves. Legislative Branch (Congress) (Article I). QUALIFICATIONS FOR HOUSE OF REPS:

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outlining the u s constitution

Outlining the U.S. Constitution

Articles I-III

Three Branches of Government

  • Unite people
  • Liberty to all
  • Justice to all
  • Defense
  • Domestic peace
  • Promote general welfare to people to better themselves
legislative branch congress article i
Legislative Branch (Congress) (Article I)
  • 25 years old
  • 7-year residency in U.S.
  • Must live in the state you represent
  • 2-year terms
  • Unlimited
  • Based on population of state (census every 10 years)
  • 435 total (1/519,000)
qualifications for senate
Qualifications for Senate
  • 30 years old
  • 9-year residency in U.S.
  • Must live in the state you represent
  • 6-year term
  • Unlimited
  • 2 per state
  • 100 total
powers delegated to congress
Powers Delegated to Congress
  • Officially write and pass laws
  • Approve cabinet and supreme court Judges (Senate)
  • Declare war
  • Coin money
  • Borrow money
  • Impose taxes
  • Regulate trade
  • Override/approve presidential vetoes
  • ELASTIC CLAUSE: make decisions that are “necessary and proper” to change with the times (Living Document)
powers denied to congress
Powers Denied to Congress
  • Cannot suspend habeas corpus rights: have to bring possible convict to a trial in order that he/she can hear what charges are against them
  • Cannot punish without a trial (bill of attainder)
  • Cannot punish for an act that was legal at time but is now illegal (ex post facto law)
  • Cannot tax exported goods from U.S.
  • No preference that favors one state over another
executive branch article ii
Executive Branch (Article II)
  • 35 years old
  • Natural Born
  • 14-year residency
  • 4-year term
  • 2-term maximum
  • Originally, VP was second place vote getter for president
  • Cabinet all have to fit these qualifications as well because they are legally in line for the presidency
powers of president
Powers of President
  • Enforce laws
  • Veto power
  • Appoint cabinet and supreme court judges (approval from Senate)
  • Ask Congress for war to be declared
  • Command troops in times of war
  • Make treaties
  • State of Union Address every year
  • Write a yearly budget (approval from Congress)
judicial branch article iii
Judicial Branch (Article III)
  • NO official age or residency requirements
  • Lifetime appointment until they step down on own or impeached
  • 9 judges on Supreme Court
  • Head judge is “Chief Justice”
  • 3 Levels of Courts:
  • Initial court hearings
  • Court of Appeals
  • Supreme Court
5 types of cases heard by f ederal courts
5 Types of Cases Heard by Federal Courts
  • Checks constitutionality of laws (Judicial Review)
  • Involving governmental positions/employees
  • Representatives from foreign countries
  • Authorized appealed cases
  • Cases involving treason