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Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga. Organisation of local services in rural areas with a declining population - Example of a municipality in Saxony-Anhalt -. Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

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slide1

Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga

Organisation of local services in rural areas with a declining population

- Example of a municipality in Saxony-Anhalt -

Lothar Finzelberg, County Councillor of the Jerichower Land Region and Deputy Member of the Board of the County Council Association of Saxony-Anhalt

slide2

Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga

Structure:

Population trends in Saxony-Anhalt

Municipal structure in Saxony-Anhalt

The role of administrative districts in rural areas

Demographic change: an opportunity and a challenge

Recommended courses of action

Lothar Finzelberg, County Councillor of the Jerichower Land Region and Deputy Member of the Board of the County Council Association of Saxony-Anhalt

slide3

Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga

1. Population trends in Saxony-Anhalt

1989: 2,964,971 inhabitants

2007: 2,412,472

Admin. districts: 1,858,103 Self-admin. towns: 554,369

Forecast for 2025: 1,976,237

Admin. districts: 1,483,164 Self-admin. towns: 493,073

(- 20.2 %) (- 11.1 %)

Lothar Finzelberg, County Councillor of the Jerichower Land Region and Deputy Member of the Board of the County Council Association of Saxony-Anhalt

slide4

Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga

2. Municipal structure in Saxony-Anhalt (as per 01.11.2008)

11 administrative districts

(up to 1994: 37 admin. districts; up to 2007: 21 admin. districts)

1,013 communities belonging to an administrative district, 130

with full-time staffing

3 self-administering towns

Lothar Finzelberg, County Councillor of the Jerichower Land Region and Deputy Member of the Board of the County Council Association of Saxony-Anhalt

slide5

Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga

3. The role of administrative districts in rural areas

To fulfil public functions which are of regional importance, or the proper

fulfilment of which is beyond the administrative and financial scope of

local communities.

Examples: Youth services and social welfare

Schools (excl. primary schools)

Local public transport

Waste disposal

Music schools and adult education centres

Lothar Finzelberg, County Councillor of the Jerichower Land Region and Deputy Member of the Board of the County Council Association of Saxony-Anhalt

slide6

Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga

4. Demographic change: an opportunity and a challenge

Administrative districts in Germany all essentially face the same

challenges, but have different population densities:

- Recklinghausen: 850 inhabs./km2

- Region of Hanover: 510 inhabs./km2

- Admin. dists. in S.-A.: 96 inhabs./km2

 heterogeneous financial and administrative power

Lothar Finzelberg, County Councillor of the Jerichower Land Region and Deputy Member of the Board of the County Council Association of Saxony-Anhalt

slide7

Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga

4. Demographic change: an opportunity and a challenge

Greater economic power in rural areas

Reversing the trend of young people migrating from the villages

Improving municipal public services

Hub towns to counteract rural erosion

Lothar Finzelberg, County Councillor of the Jerichower Land Region and Deputy Member of the Board of the County Council Association of Saxony-Anhalt

slide8

Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga

The example of local public transport

Administrative districts secure local public passenger transport by road, including school transport.

Specification: max. 50 km within an hour (basic offer)

Demand and reality

Costs met from fares and public funding (reduction in subsidies!)

Flexible operating forms

Road construction – an important infrastructural measure for local public

passenger transport and

business

Passenger numbers in decline – rising costs

Lothar Finzelberg, County Councillor of the Jerichower Land Region and Deputy Member of the Board of the County Council Association of Saxony-Anhalt

slide9

Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga

The example of schools

Adaptation of the school landscape

falling school rolls

yet the same concentration of schools

higher technical specifications increase the costs of equipping

schools

the number of pupils has halved within 10 years

National targets for class sizes and class numbers should be

applied flexibly – approval for small schools in residential areas

Lothar Finzelberg, County Councillor of the Jerichower Land Region and Deputy Member of the Board of the County Council Association of Saxony-Anhalt

slide10

Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga

The example of medical care

Rural doctors caring for twice as many patients as their urban

counterparts; specialists in particularly short supply

Administrative districts financially responsible for hospitals

Improved dovetailing of in-patient and out-patient care required

Creation of incentives to encourage doctors to settle in rural areas

(loans, grants, links to county hospitals)

Lothar Finzelberg, County Councillor of the Jerichower Land Region and Deputy Member of the Board of the County Council Association of Saxony-Anhalt

slide11

Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga

The example of integrated rural development concepts

Administrative districts have devised concepts for economic and

social development with rural area stakeholders

Involvement of agriculture, communities, associations and business

EU grants funding key projects

Sustainability

Lothar Finzelberg, County Councillor of the Jerichower Land Region and Deputy Member of the Board of the County Council Association of Saxony-Anhalt

slide12

Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga

5. Recommended courses of action

Support for entrepreneurial development

- Entrepreneurial independence: essential for dynamic growth in

employment

- Support for start-ups – provision of technology and start-up centres

– cooperation with institutes of higher education

- Learning opportunities

- Funding advice

Advice – rapid licensing – the administration as service provider

Lothar Finzelberg, County Councillor of the Jerichower Land Region and Deputy Member of the Board of the County Council Association of Saxony-Anhalt

slide13

Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga

5. Recommended courses of action

Structural measures

- Municipal cooperation for joint fulfilment of tasks

- Integration of special authorities in municipalities as consolidated

authorities

- Regional planning – hub towns as service centres with special

cohesive power to meet the needs of the population

- Availability of sufficient funding for the fulfilment of duties

Lothar Finzelberg, County Councillor of the Jerichower Land Region and Deputy Member of the Board of the County Council Association of Saxony-Anhalt

thank you for your attention

Conference on ‘EU funds for the improvement of services

provided by the municipalities’, 20.11.2008, Riga

Thank you for your attention!

Lothar Finzelberg, County Councillor of the Jerichower Land Region and Deputy Member of the Board of the County Council Association of Saxony-Anhalt