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Language Use and Understanding

Language Use and Understanding

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Language Use and Understanding

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  1. Language Use and Understanding BCS 261 LIN 241 PSY 261

  2. Introduction and organization • Drs. Jennifer Arnold and Duane Watson • What is the class about? • Class structure • Primary articles • Seminar-like discussion • Requirements • Prerequisites • BCS 152 (which requires BCS 110/111/112 or LIN 110).

  3. Room Change • Class will be held in Meliora 366 starting WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 28 • Next class is a week from today, Wed. Jan. 21, here in Gavet 310 • The next Monday, Jan. 26, also in Gavet 310 • Wed. 28 and after -- Meliora 366

  4. Hand out… • BCS student questionnaires

  5. Goals of the course • Why are you taking the course? • Learn about the cognitive mechanisms that let us use language • Learn about methods of inquiry • Gain experience with interpreting data • Gain experience with reading and interpreting primary articles • Work on analytical and communicative skills in writing

  6. How do people speak and understand? • What are the cognitive processes involved? • Cognitive Science approach • Information processing

  7. What do you think the language processing system might look like? • Sounds • Words Meaning • Phrases • Sentences

  8. Another view • Input • Knowledge of Language • Output

  9. Comprehension • Input: sounds • Knowledge of language • Output: interpretation

  10. Production • Input: Mental message • Knowledge of Language • Output: sounds

  11. Some questions… • What is the input like? • What is the architecture of the knowledge system like? • What *is* the output like? • Comprehension: What are mental representations like? • Production: what are the characteristics of the speech signal under different circumstances? (and thus, what is the input to the comprehension system)?

  12. Other questions • How do children develop the ability to speak and understand? • How do they acquire the structural knowledge of language? (BCS 172, 259) • How do the mechanisms of language use develop? • How can we characterize the structure of language? • I.e., what do we know when we know a language? (LIN 110, etc.)

  13. Assignment • Record and trasncribe a 3-minute conversation