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Types of Flooring. Interior Design. Flooring Types. Hard Flooring Wood Stone Tile. Soft Flooring Carpet Rugs Resilient . Wood - Most popular . Strip Flooring Tongue and groove Nailed to sub floor Pre-finished or unfinished Random Plank Wider than strips

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types of flooring

Types of Flooring

Interior Design

flooring types
Flooring Types

Hard Flooring

Wood

Stone

Tile

Soft Flooring

Carpet

Rugs

Resilient

wood most popular
Wood - Most popular
  • Strip Flooring
    • Tongue and groove
    • Nailed to sub floor
    • Pre-finished or unfinished
  • Random Plank
    • Wider than strips
    • Screwed to sub floor, covered with wood plugs
  • Parquet
    • Small pieces arranged in different designs
    • Pre-finished squares for easy installation
stone
Stone
  • Marble
    • Various colors depending on origin
    • Verdigris (vər-də-grēs) : marbles that have a green color
  • Limestone: most common, usually white but may have cloudy streaks
  • Onyx: may have layers of colors or banding
stone1
Stone
  • Terrazzo formed using marble or chipped stones embedded in full concrete.
    • artistic and very reliable
    • best for outdoor spaces such as verandas or patios.
    • strong but 50% chance of breakage at quarry
stone2
Stone
  • Travertine: porous limestone used on floors or walls
    • Comes from mineral springs
    • Holes from escaping gas
    • Holes filled with resin which may or may not be same color
ceramic tile
Ceramic Tile
  • Bathrooms, kitchens, entryways
  • Made from baked clay
  • Durable, moisture resistant, easy to clean
  • Can crack if not installed on even surface
other tiles
Other Tiles
  • Ceramic Mosaic
    • Individual tiles mounted together to keep together and make installation easier
    • More often on walls
  • Mexican
    • Made from clay
    • Shaped by hand
    • Dried in sun
  • Quarry
    • Fired Earth/Clay
    • Warm brown to beige
resilient floor coverings
Resilient Floor Coverings
  • Flooring with a semi-hard surface that returns to its original shape after stress
  • Warmer and quieter to walk on
  • Not quite as durable
  • Vinyl and plastic laminate
vinyl
Vinyl
  • Resists stains, affordable
  • Sheet Vinyl
    • 6, 9, 12 foot sheets
    • Rotogravure (rō-tə-grə-vyu̇r)
      • Top layer covered with clear coating
      • Thin, tears easily
    • Inlaid
      • Colored chips make designs (heat, pressure)
      • Design all the way to backing
      • Most durable of the vinyl
vinyl1
Vinyl
  • Vinyl Tiles
    • 12 in. X 12 in.
    • Sticky backing
    • Place together like a puzzle
carpet
Carpet
  • Insulates against drafts
  • Decreases noise
  • More comforting feel
  • Quality
    • Pile (nap): visible surface of carpet
    • Density: how close the tufts are made together, more important than depth
    • Heat setting
    • Twist
    • Depth
carpet fibers
Carpet Fibers

95% made of manufactured fibers

Nylon:

  • most popular,
  • durable,
  • easy to maintain,
  • limited colors

Polypropylene(olefin):

  • strong,
  • nonabsorbent,
  • resists stains and static,
  • colorfast,
  • cheap,
  • crushes easily,
  • limited colors,
  • heat sensitive
slide15

Carpet Fibers Cont.

Polyester blend (PET)

  • made from recycled plastics,
  • resists stains and fading

Acrylic:

  • feels and looks like wool,
  • low static level,
  • resists mildew,
  • subject to pilling
carpet fibers cont
Carpet FibersCont.

Wool:

  • soft
  • durable
  • long lasting
  • expensive
  • moth sensitive
  • shrinkage
  • allergies
  • hard to clean
carpeting textures categories
Carpeting Textures / Categories
  • Cut Pile
    • Formal looking plush, velvet, smooth, may flatten
  • Saxony
    • Similar to cut but yarns have been twisted more giving less formal appearance
  • Frieze
    • Informal, curly texture, shows minimal marks
carpeting textures categories1
Carpeting Textures / Categories
  • Level Loop
    • Loops are all same height, may have flecks of darker color, durable
  • Multi-level Loop
    • Two or three loop heights, sculpted or embossed effect, good in high traffic areas
  • Cut and Loop Pile
    • Sculptured effect from some looks cut and some braided, very durable
backing or cushion
Backing or Cushion
  • Extends life of carpet
  • Shock absorber
  • Less than ½” thick
slide20
Laws
  • Flammable Fabrics Act- Federal Govt. protects consumers with regulations. Must follow standards for fabrics, rugs, carpets, mattresses
  • Label must include:
    • Fiber content and percentage
    • Manufacturer
    • Country of origin
    • Care information