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Community Assessment City Of Westminster Carlos Jaen Frostburg State University. City of Westminster. City of Westminster. Geographic Information Land Area – 2010 Square Miles 6.3829 Gross Acres 4,085.0445 Climate Yearly Precipitation 42.0 inches
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Boundaries and Topography
Treated Water Storage
1.0-million-gallon finished water reservoir
1.5-million-gallon stand pipe
0.5-million-gallon elevated water tank
2.0-million-gallon high-zone water tank
2.0-million-gallon stand pipe ( http://www.westgov.)
Type of Housing and Overall Condition
Housing Type – 2000
Single Family Detached 1,994 29.7%
Single Family Attached 1,889 28.2%
Multi-Family Unit 2,811 42.0%
Mobile Home 10 .1%
Housing Occupancy - 2000
Owner-occupied housing units
Renter-occupied housing units 46.3%
Major Non-Governmental Employers within 3 miles of the City of Westminster – 2010.
Identify the People of the Community
Population (excludes on-campus students)
Total % Change
1980 Population 8,808 -
1990 Population 13,068 +48.36%
2000 Population 16,731 +28.03%
2010 Population 18,590 +11.1%
Median Age 2000 32.7 years
Population of Primary Trade Area of Westminster – 2005
Age Distribution - 2000
Total % Population
Under 5 years of age 1,127 6.7%
5-19 years of age 3,745 22.4%
20-44 years of age 6,842 40.9%
45-64 years of age 2,814 16.8%
65+ years of age 2,203 13.2%
Racial Composition - 2010
Total % Population race and ethnicity
White 15,990 86.01%
Black or African-American 1303 7.01%
American Indian & Alaska Native 65 35%
Asian 415 2.23%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 5 .04%
Some other race 352 1.89%
For population 15 years and over in Westminster city:
Never married: 36.9%
Now married: 41.2%
987 residents are foreign born (2.6% Latin America, 1.3% Europe, 1.2% Asia).
This city: 5.3% Maryland: 12.8%
Read more: http://www.city-data.com/city/Westminster-Maryland.html#ixzz30f0i96Gl
City of Westminster Population by Age and Sex, 2000
Under 5 1,127 554 573
Source: U.S. Census, 2000.
Births & Deaths Rates
Birth Rate Death Rate
Total White Other Races Total White Total Other Races
6 Year Average 12.7 12.7 9.6 7.1 7.2 5.0
Source: Carroll County Demographics & Data Manual, 2003.
The city has a two year accredited college, Carroll Community College and a four year institution, McDaniel College.
The 2000 Census also reported the level of educational attainment for all persons 25 years of age and older (Table 3.12) in the City of Westminster. More than 82% of residents in the City had received a high school diploma, and 24.4% of the population had completed the requirements for a college or professional degree. A comparison between 1990 and 2000 reveals that the actual number of persons age 25 and over without a high school diploma dropped significantly during the 1990s.
Table 3.12 Educational Attainment of Persons 25 Years and Older, 2000
Highest Level of Education 1990 2000
Number of Persons Percent Number of Persons Percent
Total 7812 100 10152 100
Source: U.S. Census, 2000
The neighborhood around Main Street does not seem to thrive economically as its counterpart in downtown, and there’s a clear
economic disparity as you move away from Main Street into the outskirts of the city neighborhood, it appears as though the economic wealth that seems to be present in Downtown has not reached the neighborhoods around Main Street.
such as book rental, movies, video games, literacy programs for children and adults, internet and computer access, and e-books.
The recreational facilities are not located on Main street, but outside of the city, there are soccer fields, track fields, skate parks,
tennis & basketball courts and playgrounds available to the community. There are many churches of different affiliations and
denominations in the city of Westminster, I only found one on Main Street during my windshield survey;
Grace Lutheran Church was the church. There are many other churches, Baptist, Catholic, Presbyterian, and Episcopal churches
right outside of Main Street, this demonstrates the importance of having a place to worship in this community. All of these
churches are tied with the community because many programs such as the soup kitchen, blood drives, community outreach and
gatherings are done here. “The Culture and religion influence the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of people about what they
think will kill them or make them sick, will help them function or make decisions, or will affect their financial status” (Allender,
Rector, & Warner, 2012, p.504).
Carroll County Hospital Center is located in Westminster and it’s the county’s major health institution, this hospital provides all the
necessary services to keep a community healthy; these services include: Mental health, substance abuse, primary, secondary and
tertiary care along with nursing home facilities throughout the county and they work in collaboration with other organizations in the
Collaboration among health care workers, other professionals and organizations, and clients is essential for
establishing effective services and Programs (Allender, Rector, & Warner, 2012).
The type of social services that the county provides include: mental health, substance abuse, government and public assistance,
social workers, and shelter. The community has access to all of these services are available in one location in downtown
Westminster. Downtown Westminster felt safe as I drove and walked the large police presence patrolling the area contributed to this
feeling of safety. There is also a plaza and a court yard on main street in which people gather for lunch and spend time with their
co-workers, friends and family. On the other hand the neighborhood on the outskirt of main street reveals a different picture from
downtown, because there were little businesses around except for small car dealerships and auto shop places. There were stop
signs on the roads and traffic lights at the main interceptions.
Playgrounds - I saw one or two and they look as though they are in good shape and safe for the kids to play. There were a lot of
political activities, signs of different candidates running for county commissioner, county sheriff, and district attorney and state
delegates. This part of the community does not look safe because there wasn’t a lot of activity in the area, I just walked a couple
of blocks and went back to my car because I did not feel safe there.
Based on my previously gathered data about the city of Westminster, and my windshield survey, I believe that the city of
Westminster is not a healthier community because it does not meet The Healthy people 2020, the national health promotion
and disease prevention agenda published by the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (USDHHS). The
goals for the nation proposed by the (USDHHS) are: 1) To attain high quality, longer lives, free of preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature death. 2) To achieve health equity, eliminate disparity, and improve the health of all groups, 3) To create social and physical environments that promote good health for all. 4)To promote quality of life, healthy development, and healthy behaviors across all life stages, (Allender, Rector, & Warner, 2012p.504).
The city of Westminster has not achieved any of these goals because there is still health disparities in the community, drug
addiction, problems, lack of reliable public transportation to facilitate access to health care services.
Identify the Community as a social system
Educational - The Carroll County Public School System consistently ranks as one of the top-performing school systems in the state of Maryland. Numerous awards, at both the state and national level, have been bestowed upon Carroll's instructional staff and students. The educational programs developed in the Carroll County Public School system are also recognized statewide and nationally for their high standards and innovative approaches. A comparison between 1990 and 2000 reveals that the actual number of persons age 25 and over without a high school diploma dropped significantly during the 1990s. Sources: http://www.westgov.com/233/Schools. Research has shown that people with higher occupational level generally have higher income and education and exert greater political influence (Allender, Rector, & Warner, 2012).
Recreational – The Park and Recreation of the City of Westminster views recreational activities, that includes physical activities as an important ingredient for the health of a community. That’s the reason they provide activities for the entire community year-round, at the city’s 14 parks. During the summer people can watch movies at the park, listen to concerts and participate in other events. During the summer there is a children’s camps for ages 3-12. This types of interaction between the community and the county government create partnerships that forms relationships among the people in the community and most importantly cultural exchanges takes place. The City of Westminster can use these events to find out more about the needs in the community, and to promote health awareness, and to inform the public about programs and services that are available in the community. Clients' cultural background, experience in collaboration and partnership building, perspective, and expression of need provide important information for the planning and delivery of services (Allender, Rector, & Warner, 2012).
Daycare – Studies have demonstrated that children in quality child care environments had better cognitive and language development and school readiness at 4.5 years than those child that do not go to a daycare center ( Allender, Rector, & Warner, 2012 pg. 684). The city knows that the children of its community are important so they want to invest in their future. There are approximately 31 registered daycares in Westminster’s data base.
Transportation- Public transportation is available in Carroll County but is not a very reliable transportation system because the
shuttle buses do not run frequently, have a very limited route and stop running about 5:00pm. Public transportation in Carroll
County is provided by two local companies, Trail Blazer and Carroll Area Transit System (CATS) which are private non-profit
organizations that provide public transportation services to certain parts of the county. I see a need for a more efficient transit
system in this county because not everyone owns a vehicle and during my clinical practicum at Access Carroll in Westminster, I
talked to many patients about access to health services and how they come to the clinic or the hospital and many said that they
depend on friends, or family members to take them to their appointments. The CARROLL COUNTY TRANSIT DEVELOPMENT
STUDY 2012 and proposed action plan found several of these concerns: No access to jobs that start early in the morning or end
in the evening (2nd and 3rd shifts), Growing demand on the demand-response service is unsustainable, Underserved areas in
Hampstead and Mount Airy, Patients discharged from Carroll Hospital have no way of getting home – particularly in the evening,
Other than Medicaid transportation, there aren’t any transportation connections to regional medical facilities, Limited Saturday service , limited alternative transportation options, large number of denials during the peak times of the day.
My healthy people 2020 goal for the City of Westminster is the following: To eliminate transportation disparity in the community.
Objectives: Through a town hall meeting, community members will learn about the benefits and importance of having a more effective mass transit system. A Panel will be available to answer questions. By the close of the meeting attendees will have filled out a transit system need survey. Interested people will be given petition forms to obtain signatures from the community to be turned in within a week of the meeting.
health status, Prevention of disease and disability, Detection and treatment of health conditions, Quality of Preventable death, Life
Disparities in access to health services affect individuals and society. Limited access to health care impacts people's ability to
reach their full potential, negatively affecting their quality of life. Barriers to services include:1)Lack of availability 2)High cost
3)Lack of insurance coverage.
These barriers to accessing health services lead to:
1)Unmet health needs, 2) Delays in receiving appropriate care, 3)Inability to get preventive services and hospitalizations that could have been prevented
for the county because the current system is not accessible to the whole community, especially in the neighborhood of
Westminster. My recommendation for the county commissioner is the creation of a plan with the help of the Maryland
Transportation System (MTA) and come up with new routes, bigger buses, longer operation hours that include weekend and
enforcement services to the community, in this manner they provide protection to the city aggregates.
The fire department is a volunteer force that relies on donations from its members, local government
organizations and the community. Safety can involve many things, such as pedestrian and driving
issues, crime and fear of crime (Allender, Rector, & Warner, 2012).
Health care services – In the city of Westminster there is adequate health services but access to
these health care services is an issue. The CARROLL COUNTY TRANSIT DEVELOPMENT STUDY 2012 and proposed
action plan found the following problem: Patients discharged from Carroll Hospital have no way of getting
home, particularly in the evening, other than Medicaid transportation, there are no transportation connections
to regional medical facilities.
Health care Facilities- There are many health care facilities and satellite clinics affiliated with Carroll County Hospital, people in
the community have many choices of where to get their health care. Carroll county offers excellent medical health care facilities,
both locally and regionally, are very accessible for the residents of Westminster. with the Carroll Hospital Center serving as the
cornerstone, there are numerous medical practitioners, offices and facilities in the Westminster area to keep you in good health.
Healthcare Providers – The Carroll county Hospital is staffed by more than 400 physicians representing 38medical
specialties, this expanding medical institution is a 218-bed. In 2003, the hospital center completed construction of a new 5-
story, inpatient "bed tower" that aids in the hospital's mission of bringing nurses closer to the bedside than
ever before and resulting in more time for them to care for patients.
Allender,J.A., Rector, C., & Warner, K.D. (2012). Community health nursing: Promoting and
protecting the public’s health (8th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins.