Political Parties. Chapter 5. Bell Ringer. 1. How does an unhappy passenger in a car Compare to a political party out of power ?. Learning Target. Students will learn the functions of political parties. What is a Political Party?. Political Parties
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Political Parties Chapter 5
Bell Ringer 1. How does an unhappy passenger in a car Compare to a political party out of power ?
Learning Target Students will learn the functions of political parties.
What is a Political Party? • Political Parties group of people who seek to control gov't thru winning elections & holding public office. 2. Major parties - Republicans & Democrats
Functions of Political Parties 1. Nominate candidates for public office & present these candidates to the voters to gather support for them. 2. Inform the people & inspire them to participate in public affairs. 3. Ensure that their candidates & office holders are qualified
Functions of Political Parties 4. Governing responsibility. US & State legislatures are organized along party lines. Why? partisanship - firm allegiance to a PP 5. Watchdogs over the conduct of gov't. Why? PP out of pwr keeps a close eye on the policies & behavior of the PP in power.
Two Party System • Two major political parties dominate the minor parties. • 1st political parties Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. 3. Tradition to have a two party system. 4. Electoral system favors a 2-party system.
Pluralistic Society • US is made up of various ethnic, racial, religious, & other social groups compete for political power in this co. • Americans still generally agree on basic political issues. • Both parties seek same prize majority votes 4. Each party takes policy positions that do not differ a great deal…dif. How to go about it.
Bell Work 1. How does the saying “2 is company & 3 is a crowd” apply to a 2 political party system ?
Only Use Yesterdays Notes • Daily Grade: • 1-Define a political party • 2-List 5 functions of a political party • 3-List first 2 “original” political parties • 4-List 5 party types discussed
Alternative Political Systems • One Party System - dictatorships - only one political party is allowed • Multi Party System -several major & lesser PP exist and compete for public office. (European Democracies)
Answer: The election of 1796 was the first time that two parties each fielded candidates for the presidency, and so was the first real struggle between parties for power. It also marked the first peaceful transfer of power from one party to another.
One-Party Systems Types of One-Party Systems Modified One-Party Systems where one party regularly wins most elections One Party Systems where only one party is allowed. Example: Dictatorships such as Stalinist Russia Example: Republican North and Democratic South until the 1950s.
Advantages Provides broader representation of the people. More responsive to the will of the people. Give voters more choices at the polls. Disadvantages Cause parties to form coalitions, which can dissolve easily. Failure of coalitions can cause instability in government. Multiparty Systems
Democrat or Republican? 1. Party allegiance of their parents. 2. Major events influence party affiliation 3. Economic status influences party choice: Higher income - Republicans Lower income groups are Democrats. 4. Place of residence 5. Work environment
How did the Dem Party begin ? 1827 - Andrew Jackson left the Dem-Rep Party because he wanted the common people to be more active in making government decisions. - AJ started the Democratic Party
Party Identity: Past and Present • Cartoonist Thomas Nast has been credited with creating the party symbols in is 1874 cartoon for the magazine Harper’s Weekly. • Originally, neither party adopted his ideas. Over time, each party assumed and revised the symbols, which havebecome synonymous with party identity.
Era's of Party Dominated Politics 1. 1800-1860: Dem (a.k.a.- Federalists) 2. 1860-1932: Rep mostly because of the Civil War 3. 1932-1968: Dem due to the Rep actions during the Great Depression. 4. 1968 election of Rep President Richard Nixon. Since then, neither party has dominated politics. If one held the White House, then the other party controlled Congress.
2 Major Parties Republican Democrat
Assignment 1 1. Name the 8 Republican US Presidents.
Ronald Reagan George W. Bush Gerald Ford Mystery??? George H. Bush Teddy Roosevelt Abraham Lincoln Richard Nixon
Assignment 2 1. Name the 8 Democratic US Presidents.
Bill Clinton Jimmy Carter John F. Kennedy Lyndon B. Johnson Harry S. Truman Woodrow Wilson Andrew Jackson Franklin Roosevelt
Last Independent Presidential candidate to be considered serious 1992
Hamilton & Jefferson Video • A. Hamilton • http://youtu.be/2stq8ouDSr0 • A. Hamilton 9 • http://youtu.be/_UR4_8pISIA • A. Hamilton 12 • http://youtu.be/FNWENpVd7M8 • T. Jefferson • http://youtu.be/53n3iNtqP30 • A. Hamilton vs T. Jefferson • http://youtu.be/Vy7FJJ_ud84
Joseph Stalin Video • Joseph Stalin • http://youtu.be/QF_fOHjWJMo
Assignment 3 • Create a timeline starting with the Original political parties to the major political parties we have today
Assignment 4 1. Each student will create an illustrated timeline of the presidential elections since 1900 (Who/PP vs Who/PP) 2. Use logos to show which party has been in power. 3. List the names of the Presidents who were elected at each point on their timelines.
Assignment 5 Democrats / Republicans Write 3 words or ideas that you associate with each of these labels.
Bell Ringer 1. Can a political party who wants to win an election be true to ideals & philosophy ?
Bell Ringer List three current issues or causes that interest you. Rank them in order of importance to American society.
Learning Target Students will learn the types of minor political parties.
Types of Minor Parties • Ideological Parties - Focus on certain political ideas social, economic, or political ideas. (Libertarian) 2. Single-Issue Parties - Focus on one public policy matter. Fade away after the issue has been resolved or people lose interest. (Free Soil Party)
Types of Minor Parties 3. Economic Protest Parties - Appear during tough financial times criticizing the economic actions & plans of the major parties (Populist Party) 4. Splinter Parties - Most important of the minor parties - Broken away from major parties. (T R Bull Moose Progressive Party)
Elements of Party Structure 1. Nat’l convention that nominates the candidates 2. Nat’l committee that runs the party's affairs between conventions 3. National chairperson heads the nat’l committee 4. Congressional campaign committees that work to elect party members to Congress
State & Local Level Party Structure 1. State/local levels the party structure is largely set by State Law. 2. State level the central committee is headed by a chairperson. 3. Local level party structure varies widely with a party unit for each district in which elections are held.
Components of the Party 1. Party Organization consists of the party machinery's leaders. • Party in the Electorate followers who vote for the party's candid. • Party in Gov't describes the party's officeholders.
Party Components The Party Organization: Those who run and control the party machinery. The Party in the Electorate Those who always or almost always vote for party candidates. The Party in Government Those who hold office in the government.
Future of Parties • Political parties have been in decline since the 1960's. • More and more voters regard themselves as independents. • Split-ticket voting voting for candidates of different parties in the same
Assignment 6 • Create a timeline charting the minor political parties to the minor political parties we have today
Assignment 7 1. Students will work in pairs to create advertising jingles or slogans for one of the minor parties listed in the text. 2. Remember people who join and support minor parties usually feel passionately about the predominant party issues and this passion should be reflected in their slogans or jingles. **Prezi or Power Point
Assignment 8 Create your own minor political party Name Reason for creation PP symbol Ideas / Beliefs Philosophy