Poetry & Poetic Devices. 6 th Grade ELA Mr. Roe Room 19. A Poem. A poem is a portrait sketched in words. It is a synonym for the soul, a sermon From the stars. It is a song of mockingbirds Who mimic men; the fragrance of a forgotten Rose. It is the grammar of the soul
6th Grade ELA
A poem is a portrait sketched in words.
It is a synonym for the soul, a sermon
From the stars. It is a song of mockingbirds
Who mimic men; the fragrance of a forgotten
Rose. It is the grammar of the soul
And the language of the heart. It is a dream
That comes to those who are awake; a stroll
Upon the boulevard of time; a scheme
To conquer death. It is the romance of France
In a triolet or it is the power of Rome
In a sonnet. It is a waltz for words, a dance
Of the pen to the time of a mental metronome.
A poem is a mental prayer and a breath
From the soul which says that life is more than death.
- Roger Bates Kronmann
How do you define poetry?
What kind of language is used in poetry?
And what IS the poet’s purpose?
How then, do you respond to a poem?
With words, the writer creates “visual” images that make the reader “see” what is being described with the mind’s eye.
Not just a moon…but…“The soft yellow glow of the moon peeked out behind the blanket of dark clouds.”
With words, the writer creates a clear and definite sound that the reader can relate to and “hear” with his or her imagination.
Not just a cricket’s sound…but…”The sharp, melodious trill of the chirping cricket on a hot summer’s night.”
With words, the writer describes a clear smell that the reader can relate and respond to with his or her imagination. (This is one of the strongest senses; yet, it is rarely used in writing).
Not just pie…but…”Opening Grandma’s kitchen door, I was warmly greeted by the cinnamon sweet aroma of her ‘just baked’ apple pie.”
With words, the writer creates a “taste” so clear and defined that the reader can actually taste what is being described by using one’s imagination.
Not just lemonade…but…”The unexpected tart of the freshly squeezed lemonade caused my lips to pucker as I drank it all down.”
With words, the writer describes a “touch” so clear that the reader can actually “feel” what is being described by using one’s imagination. (Touch can be both texture and temperature).
Not just sand…but…”The wet gritty sand squished between my toes as I walked along the beach.”
(discuss the use of imagery in the following lines of poetry)
#1 By…Samuel Hazo
“I threw and threw until my shirtback clung
adhesively and cold against my spine.
It was no more a case of having fun.
I swore I would keep throwing till I won.”
#2 By…Thomas J. Lyon
“Little lady of wrinkled potato skin
Clutching a five and dime shopping bag
I try to stop to take your hand
To tell you you are there.”
“A violet by a mossy stone
Half hidden from the eye!
- Fair as a star when only one
Is shining in the sky.”
(work on creative imagery one-liners for the following…)
Take a moment to write about a favorite place. Focus on the sights and sounds found there.
As you read the following poems, pay careful attention to the sight and sound imagery. After completing the reading, we will share your findings and discuss your reactions to the speaker’s fantasy.
Exercise A: Shakespeare once wrote…
“All the world’s a stage
And all the men and women merely players.”
Expand this metaphor by continuing these lines and composing some of your own comparisons of elements of acting to aspects of our lives.
1) Life is a football game.
2) My little brother is a grasshopper.
3) School is a carnival.
4) Getting into college is a marathon.
5) Shopping for new clothes is a battle.
If time allows, discuss the (type of) metaphor on the following slide.
Discuss the personification in the following poems and discuss the “effect” it creates.
Slowly, silently, now the moon
Walks the night in her silver shoon;
This way, and that, she peers, and sees
Silver fruit upon silver trees;
One by one the casements catch
Her beams beneath the silvery thatch;
Couched in his kennel, like a log,
With paws of silver sleeps the dog;
From their shadowy cote the white breasts peep
Of doves in a silver-feathered sleep;
A harvest mouse goes scampering by,
With silver claws and a silver eye;
And moveless fish in the water gleam,
By silver reeds in a silver stream.
Discuss the “effect” created by the examples of onomatopoeia given above.
Create 4 sentences: 2 sentences containing non-original hyperboles and 2 sentences containing original hyperboles.
(Read the following short poem and decipher the speaker).
“I try to have patience;
but it’s too much to expect from me.
I want my needs met now;
I need to rest…to nap…to plan.
The window is the place where all my needs are met.
Sun beams help me think…help me sleep.
Who is at my window? Little wren…not so wise.
Licking my lips, I creep closer,
a full belly helps me think as well.
Look at you fluttering your wings;
you tempt; you delight.
I slowly gaze at the clock;
dinner is not until ten,
but a “not-so-wise” winged wren will do fine until then.”
Think of your favorite songs’ refrains. Now focus on one song that has a particularly effective and memorable refrain. What is the refrain? What is it about that particular refrain that makes it effective and memorable?
Have you ever heard the wolf cry to the blue corn moonOr asked the grinning bobcat why he grinnedCan you sing with all the voices of the mountainCan you paint with all the colors of the wind?Can you paint with all the colors of the wind?
Describe the tone in the following popular sonnet (Sonnet 130)
Tone = _______________
My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun,
Coral is far more red than her lips’ red.
If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.
I have seen roses damask’d, red and white,
But no such roses see I in her cheeks.
And in some perfumes is there more delight
Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.
I love to hear her speak, yet well I know
That music hath a far more pleasing sound.
I grant I never saw a goddess go,
My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground.
And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare
As any she belied with false compare.
Whose woods these are I think I know,
His house is in the village, though;
He will not see me stopping here
To watch his woods fill up with snow.
I am the daughter of Earth and Water,
And the nursling of the Sky;
I pass through the pores of the ocean and shores;
I change, but I cannot die.
The Purple Cow
Reflections on a Mythic Beast,
Who’s Quite Remarkable, at Least.
I never saw a Purple Cow;
I never Hope to See One;
But I can Tell you, Anyhow,
I’d rather See than Be One.
- by…Gelett Burgess
and Unstressed Syllables
seasons = human “seasons” of birth
(such as youth, maturity, and old age)
spring = rebirth
dove = peace
flag = patriotism
“I have a date with Aphrodite tonight!”
(1) verbal irony
(2) dramatic irony
(3) irony of situation
or it can be as short as a popular…
Now start writing poetry!