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Seminar One. Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology and Organ Systems of the Body. Tracy N. Abram, MAIS, BS. Welcome to Anatomy & Physiology I. I am excited to be with you this term. Please stay focused , motivated, and you will be successful. Let’s have an awesome 1201A January term!

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Seminar one

Seminar One

Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology and Organ Systems of the Body.

Tracy N. Abram, MAIS, BS

Welcome to anatomy physiology i
Welcome to Anatomy & Physiology I

I am excited to be with you this term. Please stay focused , motivated, and you will be successful. Let’s have an awesome 1201A January term!

Professor Abram

Instructor contact information
Instructor Contact Information

  • Professor Tracy Abram

  • [email protected]

  • AIM: tnabram13

  • Fax Number: 817-346-8669

  • Cell: 682-472-5161…..Leave a message and I will return your call.

  • Skype: tracyabram

Children disclaimer
Children Disclaimer

  • Have two small children ( ages 5 and 2)

  • If noise occurs, the microphone will be muted; however, I will still be in seminar.


  • Access the course site often.

  • Study all materials

  • Seminar-review transcripts and ppt.

  • Discussion posts will be substantial and thought provoking

  • Familiar with KU’s plagiarism and late policies

  • Software: Microsoft Word 97-2010

  • Complete all assignments on time.

  • Please refer to me as Professor Abram


  • Your responsibility to make sure that assignments are uploaded properly.

  • Double check

  • Problems with uploading: Contact Technical Support and provide ticket number.

A p i course information
A & P I Course Information

  • This course is time-consuming.

  • The course units have a mix of DB, Seminar, & Diagram quiz

  • Unit 5: Introduction to Final Project and Midterm Exam.

  • Unit 9: Final project paper due.

  • There is a comprehensive final exam (Unit 10:100 questions).

A p i course information1
A & P I Course Information

  • Course topics: Integumentary, Skeletal, Endocrine, Muscular, Nervous, and the Senses Only

  • Research must be on one of the above mentioned topics only.

  • Unit 9 final project: PowerPoint with a maximum of 15 slides.

  • The title page and reference page are separate.

Unit 9 final project
Unit 9 Final Project

Introduced in Unit 5:

  • Select a disease or condition that has been covered in one of the systems discussed in this course (Chapters 1-10).

  • Develop presentation that describes the anatomy of the organs, physiology, pathology, and biochemistry involved in their diagnosis.

  • Include information about how other organ systems are affected by the condition

Unit 9 final project continued
Unit 9 Final Project Continued:

  • Use Microsoft PowerPoint.

  • Demonstrate excellent content, organization, style and mechanics within the speaker notes and slide content. Your communication should be highly ordered, logical and unified.

  • PowerPoint presentation should not exceed 15 slides. Correct grammar and punctuation are required.

  • Be sure to visit Kaplan’s Writing Center for help on creating PowerPoint Presentations.

Cla rubric
CLA Rubric

  • Please be sure to review the CLA rubric

  • Located in Doc sharing

  • Unit 9 Final Project will be graded using the CLA Rubric


  • Unit 1: Human Anatomy and Physiology

  • Unit 2: Chemistry of Life, Cells and Tissues

  • Unit 3: Integumentary System, Body

  • Membranes

  • Unit 4: The Skeletal System

  • Unit 5: Intro to Final Project & Midterm Exam

  • Unit 6: Muscular System

Units continued
Units Continued:

  • Unit 7: Nervous System

  • Unit 8: Senses

  • Unit 9: Endocrine System

  • Unit 10: Comprehensive Exam-100 Questions

Grading timetable
Grading Timetable

  • All course projects will be graded within 5 days of their due date (Sunday).

  • Pay close attention to end dates of units in the grade book and Grade book assess dates.

Late policy
Late Policy

  • Kaplan’s new policy: NO LATE WORK

  • Extenuating Circumstances: Contact Instructor Immediately

  • Granting of late work is at the discretion of the instructor.

  • Requires Documentation for Verification

  • Professor Abram’s Fax Number: 817-346-8669

Late work
Late Work

  • If late work submission is granted, then the Instructor will establish new due dates.

  • Verification must be submitted via fax or email within 48 hours.

  • Once verification is received and approved, instructor will establish new due dates.

Late policy continued
Late Policy Continued:

  • Extenuating Circumstances

  • Death in Immediate family (not close friends)

  • Serious personal and/or family illness/Hospitalization

  • Weather-related Evacuation/emergencies

Not extenuating circumstances
Not Extenuating Circumstances

  • Personal computer issues

  • Software Issues

  • Internet Connectivity Issues

  • Course Blocks

Incomplete deadline
Incomplete Deadline

  • January 1201A Term is

  • Monday, March 5, 2012.

  • Incomplete work due date:

  • March 23, 2012.


  • Seminar Option 1: Live Discussion

  • Must post 20 times for 20 points.

  • Seminar Option 2: Listed on seminar page of each unit.

  • ****If you are late to seminar, you must complete option 2.

Seminar yellow icon
Seminar: Yellow Icon

  • On the main Kaplan page, click on "My seminars" and this will take you to the seminar schedules. Once you reach this page, then on the left side of the grid, you will notice "Calendar view" and "Table view" on "Table View and this will show all seminars that are scheduled. You will always click on the seminar tab with my name in it. "TAbram"


  • Be considerate!

  • Be respectful!

  • Threaded discussion are used for constructive exchanges.

  • Please do not send “nasty grams”


  • Subject of Message: Your name_Course number and Section

  • Example: Tracy Abram_HS120-Section 4

  • When sending emails, please be mindful of netiquette.

  • 24 hour response time on weekdays (M-T)

  • 48 hour response on weekends (Friday-Sunday)

Discussion board requirements
Discussion Board Requirements

  • One post to Unit Discussion Question (at least 150 words) by Saturday

  • Two responses to classmates or me (50 words) by Tuesday, end of unit.

Medical assisting program
Medical Assisting Program

  • Competencies must be passed with a score of at least 73%.

Structural levels of organization
Structural levels of organization

  • Organization is an outstanding characteristic of body structure

  • The body is a unit made up of the following smaller units:

  • Cells-the smallest structural units; organizations of various chemicals

  • Tissues-organizations of similar cells

  • Organs-organizations of different kinds of tissue

  • Systems- organizations of many different kinds of organs

Anatomical position
Anatomical Position

  • Standing erect with the feet slightly apart and arms at the sides with the palms turned forward

  • See figure 1-2 on page 4 of the text.

Anatomical directions
Anatomical Directions

  • Superior-toward the head, upper, and above

  • Inferior-toward the feet, lower, below

  • See page 6 of the text.

Anatomical directions1
Anatomical Directions

  • Anterior-front, in front of (same as ventral in humans)

  • Posterior-back, in back of (same as dorsal in humans)

Anatomical directions2
Anatomical directions

  • Medial-toward the midline of a structure

  • Lateral-away from the midline or toward the side of a structure

  • See Figure 1-3 on page 9

Anatomical directions3
Anatomical directions

  • Proximal-toward or nearest the trunk, or nearest the point of origin of a structure

  • Distal- away from or farthest from the trunk, or farthest from a structures’ point of origin

Planes or body sections
Planes or Body Sections

  • Sagittal plane-lengthwise plane that divides a structure into right of left sections

  • Midsagittal-sagittal plane that divides the body into two equal halves

  • Frontal (coronal) plane lengthwise plane that divides a structure into anterior and posterior sections

  • Transverse plane-horizontal plane that divides a structure into upper and lower sections

Body cavities
Body cavities

  • Ventral cavity

  • Thoracic cavity

  • Mediastinum--midportion of thoracic cavity; heart and trachea located in mediastinum

  • Pleural cavities—right lung located in right pleural cavity, left lung in left pleural cavity

Body cavities1
Body Cavities

  • Ventral cavity

  • Abdominopelvic cavity contains stomach, intestines, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, and spleen

  • Pelvic cavity contains reproductive organs, urinary bladder, and lowest part of intestine

  • Dorsal cavity

  • Cranial cavity contains brain

  • Spinal cavity contains spinal cord

  • Table 1-1 Body Cavities on page 10.

Body regions
Body Regions

  • Axial region—head, neck, and torso or trunk

  • Appendicular region—upper and lower extremities such as legs and arms

  • See Figure 1-6 page 13 of the text


  • The body’s ability to maintain an internal environment for proper function.

  • All organs function to maintain homeostasis

  • If homeostasis is lost at any level, then the whole body is affected.

  • Body functions are related to age; peak efficiency is during young adulthood, diminishing efficiency occurs after young adulthood

  • Ultimate loss of homeostasis=DEATH

Question what would happen to the body or a system not in homeostasis
Question????What would happen to the body or a system NOT in homeostasis?

Organ systems of the body
Organ Systems of the Body

  • Integumentary System (See Figure 4-2)

  • Structure—organs include:

  • Skin, Hair, Nails, Sense receptors, Sweat glands, Oil glands

  • What are the functions????

Organ systems
Organ Systems

  • Skeletal System (Figure 4-3)

  • Structures include:

  • Bones and Joints

  • What are the functions????

Organ systems1
Organ systems

  • Muscular System (Figure 4-4)

  • Structures include:

  • 3 types of muscle

  • Voluntary or striated

  • Involuntary or smooth

  • Cardiac

  • What are the functions?????

Organ systems2
Organ Systems

  • Nervous system (Figure 4-5)

  • Structures include:

  • Brain, Spinal cord, Nerves, Sense organs

  • What are the functions?????

Organ systems endocrine system
Organ systems-Endocrine system

  • Structures include:

  • Pituitary gland

  • Pineal gland

  • Hypothalamus

  • Thyroid gland

  • Parathyroid gland

  • Thymus gland

  • Adrenal gland

  • Pancreas

  • Ovaries (female)

  • Testes (male)

  • See Figure 4-6

  • What are the functions?


  • Survival of the individual is the body’s most important business

  • Survival depends on the maintenance or restoration of homeostasis (relative constancy of the internal environment; Figure 1-9); the body uses negative feedback loops and, less often, positive feedback loops to maintain or restore homeostasis

Questions ????

  • We have had a marvelous first seminar!

  • Let’s keep the momentum going!

  • “See” you in the discussion boards!

Unit 1 what s due
Unit 1: What’s Due?

  • Read assigned sections Chapters 1 and 4

  • Participate in Discussion Boards

  • Participate in Seminar option 1 or complete seminar option 2

  • Complete Post-quiz exam