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Coach Target Engagement With the Service Rifle or Carbine at Unknown Distance CMC 0933-FALT-2018
Overview • Point of aim techniques with iron sights and RCO • Range estimation techniques • Factors affecting range estimation • Prioritizing targets
Method/Media • Evaluation • Safety/Cease training • Admin
Point of Aim Techniques with Iron Sights and RCO • Iron sights • When the distance to a target is beyond the BZO capability of the rifle and there is no time to adjust the sights, offset aiming techniques can be used.
Point of Aim Techniques with Iron Sights and RCO • Point targets • Man sized target • 300 to 400m hold the tip of the front sight post at the neck • Past 400m apply a hasty sight adjustment
Point of Aim Techniques with Iron Sights and RCO • RCO points of aim • Utilize the bullet drop compensator to determine hold and range estimation
Range Estimation Techniques • Unit of measure method • Limitation • Proficiency
Range Estimation Techniques • Appearance of Objects Method • 100 yds/m: Facial features can be distinguished • 200 yds/m: Skin color and equipment is identifiable • 300 yds/m: Clear body outline, skin color remains accurate remaining details are blurred
Range Estimation Techniques • Appearance of Objects Method • 400 yds/m: Body outline is clear, remaining details are blurred • 500 yds/m: Body shape tapers at the ends, head becomes indistinct from shoulders • 600 yds/m: Body appears wedge shaped, with no appearance of head
Range Estimation Techniques • Rifle front sight post method • Establish reference points at known distances • More then 300 yds/m: Cover width of a man’s chest • Less then 300 yds/m: Width of a man’s chest is wider
Less than 300m Greater than 300m
Range Estimation Techniques • Combination of methods • Multiple methods • Multiple shooters • Average of distances
Range Estimation Techniques • Bracketing • Measure shortest possible distance and measure greatest possible distance • Halving • Find halfway point then double the distance
Factors Affecting Range Estimation • Nature of target • Contrasting targets • Partially exposed • Larger objects
Factors Affecting Range Estimation • Nature of terrain • Upward sloping terrain • Downward slopping terrain • Dead space • Smooth terrain • Firing position
Factors Affecting Range Estimation • Light conditions • Clear day • Visibility of the target • Position of the sun
Prioritizing Targets • Range estimation • Limitation of shooter • Limitation of enemy
Summary • Point of aim techniques with iron sights and RCO • Range estimation techniques • Factors affecting range estimation • Prioritizing targets