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  1. Coach Target Engagement With the Service Rifle or Carbine at Unknown Distance CMC 0933-FALT-2018

  2. Overview • Point of aim techniques with iron sights and RCO • Range estimation techniques • Factors affecting range estimation • Prioritizing targets

  3. Learning Objectives

  4. Method/Media • Evaluation • Safety/Cease training • Admin

  5. Point of Aim Techniques with Iron Sights and RCO • Iron sights • When the distance to a target is beyond the BZO capability of the rifle and there is no time to adjust the sights, offset aiming techniques can be used.

  6. Point of Aim Techniques with Iron Sights and RCO • Point targets • Man sized target • 300 to 400m hold the tip of the front sight post at the neck • Past 400m apply a hasty sight adjustment

  7. Point of Aim Techniques with Iron Sights and RCO • RCO points of aim • Utilize the bullet drop compensator to determine hold and range estimation

  8. Range Estimation Techniques • Unit of measure method • Limitation • Proficiency

  9. Range Estimation Techniques • Appearance of Objects Method • 100 yds/m: Facial features can be distinguished • 200 yds/m: Skin color and equipment is identifiable • 300 yds/m: Clear body outline, skin color remains accurate remaining details are blurred

  10. Range Estimation Techniques • Appearance of Objects Method • 400 yds/m: Body outline is clear, remaining details are blurred • 500 yds/m: Body shape tapers at the ends, head becomes indistinct from shoulders • 600 yds/m: Body appears wedge shaped, with no appearance of head

  11. Range Estimation Techniques • Rifle front sight post method • Establish reference points at known distances • More then 300 yds/m: Cover width of a man’s chest • Less then 300 yds/m: Width of a man’s chest is wider

  12. Less than 300m Greater than 300m

  13. Range Estimation Techniques • Combination of methods • Multiple methods • Multiple shooters • Average of distances

  14. Range Estimation Techniques • Bracketing • Measure shortest possible distance and measure greatest possible distance • Halving • Find halfway point then double the distance

  15. Factors Affecting Range Estimation • Nature of target • Contrasting targets • Partially exposed • Larger objects

  16. Factors Affecting Range Estimation • Nature of terrain • Upward sloping terrain • Downward slopping terrain • Dead space • Smooth terrain • Firing position

  17. Factors Affecting Range Estimation • Light conditions • Clear day • Visibility of the target • Position of the sun

  18. Prioritizing Targets • Range estimation • Limitation of shooter • Limitation of enemy

  19. QUESTIONS

  20. Summary • Point of aim techniques with iron sights and RCO • Range estimation techniques • Factors affecting range estimation • Prioritizing targets