Urban Public Transport in Europe - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Urban Public Transport in Europe

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  1. Urban Public Transport in Europe Market potential and future development? Bård Norheim

  2. Market potential for Public Transport in European cities • UITP Millennium Cities Database II: • 44 Cities in Europe • UITP-conference in Turku 2006: Comparing Scandinavian and European cities: • Urban Structure • Framework for car use • Public Transport Service • Analysed the demand for Public Transport and car use in these cities • Best seminar Berlin 2007: • Updated figures for 5 cities(Helsinki, Stockholm, Oslo, Berlin and Prague)

  3. The effect on Public Transport Market Share

  4. Public Transport Market ShareMechanised trips 2001

  5. Car/Mc share 2001

  6. Bicycle Market Share 2001

  7. PT service level Fare level Frequency Urban environment Population density Population Share of working places in CBD Framework for car use Parking density in CBD Car density Car user cost Economic activity Income level Total trip frequency Demand for car and PT useSignificant effects of:

  8. Big Metropolis and Rural Areas!

  9. Low density in Scandinavian cities

  10. The effect of urban densityCompared to the average of European cities • Scandinavia: 50% lower density : • 15 % higher car trips/person • 24 % lower PT trips/person • Vienna and Barcelona: 50% higher density • 8 % lower car trips/person • 17 % higher PT trips/person

  11. ”It is cheap to go by Public Transport in Greece!”

  12. The BigMac index 2005

  13. Adjusted Fare Level 2001Per cent deviation from average • Fare Box Revenue per passenger km • Adjusted for Purchasing Power Parities

  14. Isolated effect on demand for Car and Public Transport • Fare elasticity (-0,31) • Cross elasticity (0,23)

  15. Adjusted Petrol Prices 2006Deviation from Western European Average

  16. The effect of petrol level on PT travel demand in BEST countries

  17. Parking Density and Public Transport Share (2001)

  18. Revenue /passkm Vehicle km/capita Urban density Population Fuel cost Share of work places in CBD Car/mc density The total effect on PT transport demand in BEST citiesCompared to average level 2001

  19. The total effect on car and PT use in BEST citiesCompared to average level 2001

  20. Future development? • Economic growth? • Urban sprawl or concentration? • Parking density and car user cost? • Financial framework and long term planning