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Chicago Volunteer Legal Services “Estate Planning for Medicaid”. Janna Dutton & Associates, P.C. One N. LaSalle Street, Suite 1700 Chicago, IL 60602 (T) 312-899-0950 (F) 312-899-0959 www.duttonelderlaw.com. Planning for Long Term Care Costs.

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Chicago Volunteer Legal Services “Estate Planning for Medicaid”

Janna Dutton & Associates, P.C.

One N. LaSalle Street, Suite 1700

Chicago, IL 60602

(T) 312-899-0950

(F) 312-899-0959

www.duttonelderlaw.com


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Planning for Long Term Care Costs

  • The cost of long term care - meaning either in home care or nursing home care for individuals requiring assistance with activities of daily living- is largely an uninsured health care cost for most individuals. Planning for possible exposure to these costs is necessary for effective retirement planning.


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Medicare Coverage of Long Term Care

1.Covers 100 days of skilled nursing care provided in a Medicare certified nursing facility following a hospitalization per spell of illness. Medicare pays the full cost of the first 20 days. There is a coinsurance payment of $133.50 per day for days 21 through 100 which most Medicare supplemental policies cover.

2.Medicare provides home care to those individuals needing intermittent skilled care, usually post hospitalization only, although long term part time skilled home care services are covered. Skilled care does not include custodial care, which is the type of long term care most individuals impaired by dementia require


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Funding Long Term Care Costs

  • Long Term Care Insurance

    Long Term Care Insurance is the only insurance which pays for ongoing nursing home, assisted living, or custodial home care.

  • Illinois Medical Assistance

    The Medicaid program in Illinois is a needs based program and covers custodial long term care expenses for the aged and disabled - covers nursing home, some assisted living (Supportive Living Facilities) and some home care – Community Care Program, In Home Services.


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Exempt Property

  • $2000 Asset Disregard

  • Homestead Property

  • Personal Effects and Household goods

  • Automobile worth $4500 or less (unless needed for Medical Transportation, modified, or for employment)

  • Burial Plot and Tangible Burial Merchandise

  • Exempt Prepaid Burial Arrangements

    • Revocable Burial Trust - $1500

    • Irrevocable Burial Trust - $5,210

    • Life Insurance Irrevocably Assigned to Funeral Home


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Income Eligibility – Spend Down

  • Illinois is an income “spend down” State: if an applicant’s countable income is $1 less than the private pay cost of care, the applicant is income eligible.

  • Countable income is the income left after certain deductions:

    • Personal Needs Allowance - $30;

    • Amounts need for Health Insurance premiums;

    • Community Spouse Maintenance Needs Allowance;

    • Amounts needs for medically necessary items and services not covered by Medicaid.


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Community Spouse’s Income Not Counted

  • Income of community spouse does not affect eligibility of nursing home spouse

  • If community spouse’s monthly income >$2,739:

    • Spousal contribution assessed by State

    • Paid directly to State (not nursing home)


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Deficit Reduction Act of 2005

  • The federal Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, Pub. L. No. 109-171 (DRA), signed into law by President Bush effective February 8, 2006, made substantial, and for the most part punitive, changes to the eligibility rules for long-term care coverage. Although the State of Illinois was required to implement the DRA in 2006, it has not done so. However, it is likely (unless DRA is amended by Congress) that Illinois will be implementing the DRA in the future.


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Transfer of Asset Penalties for Long Term Care Medicaid programs

  • Present Illinois Rule – look back period 36 months from month of application for Medicaid, except 60 months for transfers to irrevocable trusts or from revocable trusts

  • If nonallowable transfer occurs during the look back period, a penalty period of ineligibility is applied calculated by dividing the total transfers made in each month by the private pay cost of the nursing home, supportive living facility, CCP cost.


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Example of Penalty Period programs

  • Total gift/private pay cost of nursing home

    • Gift of $50,000 in 1/09

    • Private pay cost of $6000 ($200/day times 30);

      $50,000/$6000 = 8.33 (8 months)

      Penalty period beginning1/09 through 8/09


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Allowable Homestead Transfers programs

  • Medicaid applicants are allowed to transfer their homestead property to certain persons:

    • Community Spouse

    • Live -in Caregiver child (2 years)

    • Sibling with an equity interest who has lived in home for at least 1 year

    • Disabled or minor child


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Allowable Transfers programs

  • There are certain allowable transfers that will not affect eligibility for Medicaid:

    • Transfer to or for the benefit of a adult disabled child (SSA definitions of disabled)

    • Transfers to a trust for the benefit of a disabled person

    • Transfers made exclusively for reasons other than to become eligible for Medicaid

    • Transfers for fair market value

    • Where the imposition of a penalty period will cause a hardship


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Community Spouses programs

  • IL Community Spouse (CS) may refuse to disclose her assets

    • Will not affect nursing home spouse’s (NS) eligibility

    • BUT CS not eligible for Community Spouse Asset Allowance

    • AND Transfers from NS to CS during look back period will cause penalty period


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Community Spouse Income Allowance programs

The State of Illinois allows the Community Spouse of a Medicaid nursing home resident to receive a portion of the income of the nursing home resident, which is the Community Spouse Maintenance Needs Allowance (CSMNA). The CSMNA is calculated by subtracting the nursing home spouse’s income from the standard, which in 2009 is $2739. The State never directly subsidizes a CS.


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Exempt Trusts - OBRA programs

  • OBRA Trusts allow Medicaid recipients to set aside their nonexempt funds in an irrevocable trust which can be used for their benefit and remain eligible for Medicaid

    • Medicaid recipient must be disabled

    • Trust must be Irrevocable and for the exclusive benefit of disabled Medicaid recipient

    • Trust must contain a “pay back” provision to the State at the death of the beneficiary


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OBRA Trusts programs

  • Individual OBRA Trusts

    • Available to disabled persons under the age of 65

      Pooled OBRA Trust Subaccounts

      Presently available to disabled persons of any age

      Must be managed by a non for profit organization

      Illinois Pooled Trusts

      Illinois Disability Association Pooled Trust (contact Howard Berk at 312 332 4622)

      Options For Living Pooled OBRA Pay Back Trust (contact Jeffrey Schmidt at 630-443-2011)

      Life Plan, Inc. Pooled Trust (630 620 2222).


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Rules which may Change programs

  • Pooled OBRA Trust Subaccounts

    State may start penalizing transfers by persons over the age of 65 to Pooled OBRA Subaccounts

    Spouse Refusal to Disclose Assets

    State may discontinue practice of allowing community spouses to refuse to disclose assets

    Deficit Reduction Act of 2005

    State may implement the DRA: 60 month look back starting the month of eligibility for Medicaid coverage of nursing home care.


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Resources for Information programs

  • Illinois Program Manual

    Detailed policy and procedure relating to the Medicaid program is contained in the IDHS “Combined Policy Manual (PM) and Worker’s Action Guide(WAG)”. This manual is a necessity for anyone processing Medicaid applications and may be accessed online at http://163.191.134.21/pmwag/intranet.htmlhttp://www.dhs.state.il.us/ (Illinois Department of Human Services web site - search for Cash, Food Stamp and Medicaid Manual).


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Resources for Information, cont. programs

  • www.duttonelderlaw.com

  • A detailed explanation of Medicaid coverage of long term care in Illinois can be found on the website of Janna Dutton & Associates. It contains citations to the IDHS policy manual which will allow you to find the policy sections relevant to your issue which is otherwise a time-consuming search. You can find this material by clicking onto the “Speaking Engagements” Menu Option, then clicking onto the “Learn More…” hyperlink and finally downloading the “Medicaid Book Chapter” in the blue box. You can also use the following direct link:

  • www.duttonelderlaw.com/documents/2008_Medicaid_Chap_Draft.pdf


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