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Lecture “0” (Self Study ). The Corporation Berk , De Marzo Chapter 1. Types of Firms. Sole Proprietorship : Business is owned and run by one person .

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lecture 0 self study

Lecture“0” (Self Study)

The Corporation

Berk, De Marzo


types of firms
Types of Firms
  • Sole Proprietorship: Business is owned and run by one person.
  • Partnership: Similar to a sole proprietorship, but with more than one owner. All partners are personally liable for all of the firm’s debts. A lender can require any partner to repay all of the firm’s outstanding debts. The partnership ends with the death or withdrawal of any single partner.
  • Limited Liability Company: All owners have limited liability but they can also run the business. Relatively new business form in the U.S.
  • Corporation:A legal entity separate from its owners.
    • Has many of the legal powers individuals have such as the ability to enter into contracts, own assets, and borrow money.
    • The corporation is solely responsible for its own obligations. Its owners are not liable for any obligation the corporation enters into.
ownership versus control of corporations
Ownership versus Control of Corporations
  • Financial Manager is responsible for: Investment Decisions, Financing Decisions and Cash Management
  • Goal of the Firm: Shareholders will agree that they are better off if management makes decisions that maximizes the value of their shares.
  • Agency Problems: Managers may act in their own interest rather than in the best interest of the shareholders. One potential solution is to tie management’s compensation to firm performance.
  • Primary Markets: When a corporation itself issues new shares of stock and sells them to investors, they do so on the primary market.
  • Secondary Markets: After the initial transaction in the primary market, the shares continue to trade in a secondary market between investors
  • Public Company: Stock is traded by the public on a stock exchange.
  • Private Company: Stock may be traded privately.
worldwide stock markets ranked
Worldwide Stock Markets Ranked

Source: www.world-exchanges.org