Ancient China. Neolithic China. Yellow River Civilization. Neolithic Pottery. 3000 BCE to 2000 BCE. The 4 Old-World River Valley Cultures. Pan- Gu : Mythical Creator of the Universe. Xia Dynasty 2205-1027 BCE. Yu, the Great Founder of the Xia. “Huangdi” – Emperor.
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Neolithic Pottery 3000 BCE to2000 BCE
Xia Dynasty 2205-1027 BCE
“Huangdi” – Emperor • The “Yellow Emperor.” • Legend has it that he ruled for over 100 years. • Associated with the invention of wheeled vehicles, ships, armor, pottery, and silk-making.
Emperor Fuxi • Mythical Xia ruler. • Taught the Chinese how to read and write, according to legend.
Shang Dynasty 1766-1027 BCE
The Evolution of ChineseWriting during the Shang Pictographs Semantic-Phonetics
Zhou Dynasty 1027 - 256 BCE
“T’ien Ming” The Mandate of Heaven • The leader must lead by ability and virtue. • The dynasty's leadership must be justified by succeeding generations. • The mandate could be revoked by negligence and abuse; the will of the people was important.
A new dynasty comes to power. The emperorreforms the govt.& makes it moreefficient. Start here Emperor isdefeated !! Lives of common people improved;taxes reduced;farming encouraged. TheDynasticCycle Rebel bands findstrong leader whounites them.Attack the emperor. Problems begin(extensive wars,invasions, etc.) Poor loserespect for govt.They join rebels& attack landlords. Taxes increase;men forced towork for army.Farming neglected. Droughts,floods,famines occur. Govt. increasesspending; corruption.