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A web browser or Internet browser is a software application for retrieving, presenting, and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web. An information resource is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) and may be a web page, image, video, or other piece of content. Hyperlinks present in resources enable users to easily navigate their browsers to related resources.
Although browsers are primarily intended to access the World Wide Web, they can also be used to access information provided by Web servers in private networks or files in file systems. Some browsers can also be used to save information resources to file systems.
Tim Berners-Lee developed it in December of 1990. It was released in March, 1991.
Interview with Tim berners-lee: Why did you invent the WWW?
“Well, I found it frustrating that in those days, there was different information on different computers, but you had to log on to different computers to get at it. Also, sometimes you had to learn a different program on each computer.” said Tim Berners-Lee.
People at CERN came from universities all over all types of computers.
Instead of just working on Netscape's next browser, people started creating a variety of browsers, development tools and a range of other projects.
In ten years the community has shown that commercial companies can benefit by collaborating in open source projects and that great end user products can be produced as open source software.
A sustainable organization has been created that uses market mechanisms to support a public benefit mission and this model has been reused by others to create open, transparent and collaborative organizations in a broad range of areas.
WebKit is a layout engine designed to allow web browsers to render web pages.
It powers Google Chrome and Safari.
The WebKit engine provides a set of classes to display web content in windows, and implements browser features such as following links when clicked by the user, managing a back-forward list, and managing a history of pages recently visited.
For years, the Web browser was a technology that seemed frozen in time. While the Web itself exploded with new types of content and virtual communities, the way users accessed that material changed hardly at all from 1997 to 2004.