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Conference on Housing: An Engine for Inclusive Growth. April 11-12, 2013 Hotel Imperial , New Delhi, India. This year’s conference….

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conference on housing an engine for inclusive growth

Conference onHousing: An Engine for Inclusive Growth

April 11-12, 2013

Hotel Imperial , New Delhi, India

this year s conference
This year’s conference….
  • Participation of delegates from over 12 developed and emerging countries including Bangladesh, Indonesia, Iraq, Japan, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Nigeria and Yemen. The Conference saw representation from Central Banks of various countries, Policy Makers, Planners, Banks, Financial Institutions, Multilateral Agencies and Academia.
  • 02 days conference – 09 technical sessions
about apuhf
About APUHF….
  • Asia Pacific Union For Housing Finance, APUHF acts as a platform for knowledge sharing and networking. The forum intends to promote coalition and coordination among the Asia Pacific Countries in exchanging experiences and models on housing and housing finance
  • APUHF tracks the events and happenings in the housing markets globally
  • The users of the platform include member country institutions engaged in housing and housing finance
  • APUHF has entered into collaboration with APMCHUD (Asia Pacific Ministers’ Conference on Housing and Urban Development)
  • http://www.apuhf.info
inaugural session
Inaugural Session

Salient Features

  • Social Indicator
  • Multiple linkages
  • Spurs growth and generates employment
  • Housing shortage in most of the developing countries.

Recommendations

  • Active participation of stakeholders – enablers, promoters, executors
  • Adoption of a multipronged strategy, encompassing the demand and supply side initiatives
  • Market infrastructure building
  • Risk mitigation measures
  • Awareness building and consumer protection measures
session i theme presentations cross country experiences
Session I: Theme Presentations - Cross Country Experiences

Salient Features

  • The participating countries shared the status of housing sector in their respective countries along with initiatives taken / recommended for the sector.

Recommendations

  • Micro Finance is seen as a plausible solution for inclusive housing
  • Development of Innovative yet simple products
  • Securitization
  • Regulatory Framework required
  • Rental cum ownership housing
  • Need for sound long term housing policy
  • Land and infrastructure – need efficient management
session ii urbanization and attendant challenges
Session II : Urbanization and Attendant Challenges

Salient features

  • Urbanization - rapidly growing phenomenon being witnessed by developing countries
  • New and unprecedented challenges
  • Policy makers and planners looking for innovative models

Recommendations

  • Single window clearances
  • Encouragement to PPPs so that the project is not abandoned in the last stages due to financial constraint
  • Clear and valid titles
  • Proper infrastructure planning
session iii inclusive housing regulatory and policy framework
Session III: Inclusive Housing - Regulatory and Policy Framework

Salient features

  • 02 important aspects – land & finance
  • Limited growth of Micro housing finance
  • Incremental lending and incremental construction

Recommendations

  • Compact cities - effective and efficient land usage
  • Improving security of tenure
  • Attract more housing finance as the market is highly under penetrated
session iv housing challenges international financial institutions perspective
Session IV: Housing Challenges: International Financial Institutions’ Perspective

Salient features

  • Affordability and accessibility – land & finance
  • Affordability is impacted by increase in property costs, increase in cost of building materials, lack of availability of mortgage finance and no access to credit
  • Different models for slum upgrading, subsidies, housing, microfinance, public rental housing

Recommendations

  • Focus on LIG, EWS as well as lower MIG
  • Infrastructure to be planned sustainably to solve the urban housing shortage in the long run
session v government policies and initiatives
Session V: Government Policies and Initiatives

Salient features

  • Room for various players including government, private players, development institutions and financial institutions.
  • Policies that are meant to stimulate demand for housing have both price and quantity effect.
  • Risks and returns associated with housing sector

Recommendations

  • Prudent policies so as not to generate asset bubble in the housing market
  • Policy design is very important but flexibility in the policy architecture is equally important
  • Risks can’t be eliminated but can be mitigated
session vi funding housing
Session VI: Funding Housing

Salient features

  • Two instruments being used in various parts of the world are Covered Bonds and Mortgage Insurance
  • Benefits of Covered Bonds and Mortgage Insurance
  • Mortgage insurance is used at higher LTV (70-80 per cent)

Recommendations

  • To continue with pre-crisis growth in a sustainable manner the markets need to evolve not only in regulation but also in product development
  • Need to be adapted and tested before being implemented in other countries
session vii housing finance post sub prime
Session VII: Housing Finance Post Sub-prime

Salient features

  • Lenders to know the borrowers
  • Self-certification of documentation is not sufficient
  • Market discipline is not enough
  • Maturity mismatch

Recommendations

  • Macro-economic stability – concern as well as responsibility of Policy Makers
  • Build in checks and balances and monitoring mechanisms
  • Healthy LTV ratios which are dynamic and not static
  • Risk weights should be decided taking into account trends in loan quality and the environment.
session viii low income housing developing a sustainable supply ecosystem
Session VIII: Low Income Housing - Developing a Sustainable Supply Ecosystem

Salient features

The following impediments in developing a sustainable supply ecosystem need to be addressed :

  • Delay in approvals
  • Rising costs of labour and material
  • High concentration of housing construction

Recommendations

  • Simple construction and hand over of housing units is not sufficient - construction has to be carried out keeping in view the sustainability of the unit.
  • Use innovative and new products and technology
  • Government should launch schemes which benefit LIG and EWS categories
session ix data statistics and consumer related issues
Session IX: Data & Statistics and Consumer Related Issues

Salient features

  • Availability, timeliness, accessible, completeness, and accurate data
  • Credit history is important for borrowers as well as lenders
  • Challenges exist in data collection and verification – Scale, Registration price is not always reflected of the actual price & Informality

Recommendations

  • Technology penetration
  • Information Verification – the information being collected should be verified so as to minimize probability of default.
valedictory session and closing remarks
Valedictory Session and closing Remarks

SUMMARY:

  • Demand for housing due to rising population and increasing urbanisation
  • Perceptible housing shortage in most of the developing countries
  • Strong need for stability in the sector
  • Liability and asset mismatch of the FIs catering to the sector to be tracked down.
  • Need for confidence building among the stakeholders
recommendations
Recommendations

Housing:

  • Stakeholders to work in tandem
  • Need for real estate regulator
  • Single window clearances - need for IT Platform
  • Clarity and simplification of related laws.
  • Fiscal measures - taxes, incentives etc. Waiving VAT, stamp duty and registration fees for low-income customers
  • Specific Incentives for Affordable Housing Projects
  • Encouraging “Rent to own” models
  • Long term funds and technical assistance from the international institutions
recommendations contd
Recommendations…contd

Housing Finance:

  • Credit to the poor and directed subsidy for the poor, since they have limited affordability.
  • Domestic savings to be mobilized for innovative schemes.
  • Underwriting measures and risk diversification.
  • Regulatory environment to encourage innovation in financial products and also ensure checks and balances.
  • Need for customized loan Schemes
  • Micro finance for LIGs
  • Incremental building
  • Integration of housing market with housing finance , primary mortgage and capital markets.