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  1. Grammar Review Sentence Structure and Type, Phrases, and Clauses Write the correct answer on your white board; keep a tally of your points.

  2. What type of sentence is this? • There are two kinds of travel. Simple, compound, complex, compound-complex

  3. simple

  4. Not long from now, in the Atomic Age, it is easy to imagine travel that will be tremendously fast. Simple, compound, complex, compound-complex

  5. complex


  6. These ideas on travel went through the head of a rather nice old professor who was named William Waterman Sherman. Simple, compound, complex, compound-complex

  7. complex

  8. It also tells about every kind of known free balloon travel and of a few unknown balloon inventions. Simple, compound, complex, compound-complex

  9. simple

  10. When he was sighted and rescued in the middle of the wreckage of twenty balloons in the Atlantic by the Captain of the S.S. Cunningham, en route to New York City, he was immediately put to bed, for he was sick and weary, suffering from cold and shock. Simple, compound, complex, compound-complex

  11. Compound-complex

  12. This tale of mine shall first be heard in the auditorium of the Western American Explorers’ Club in San Francisco. Simple, compound, complex, compound-complex

  13. simple

  14. The reporters were quite disgusted by this, but they made the most of the information in the Captain’s log. Simple, compound, complex, compound-complex

  15. compound

  16. The black cloud of ejected material darkened an area with a radius of one hundred and fifty miles from the eruption. Phrase(s) or Clause(s)?

  17. Phrases

  18. The part about the Pacific Island of Krakatoais true. Phrase(s) or Clause(s)?

  19. Clause (main clause to be exact)

  20. The Western American Explorers’ Club, in the city of San Francisco, was honored as it had never been honored before in the first week of October 1883 by being promised to be first to hear the details of an unexplained, extraordinary adventure. Phrase(s) or Clause(s)?

  21. Clause (subordinate/dependent)

  22. In the middle of all of this flotsam there appeared a large furnace, painted red with gold trim. Phrase(s) or Clause(s)?

  23. Clause (main)

  24. What type of phrase, adjective or adverb, is the underlined prepositional phrase? • They made the most of the information in Captain Simon’s log and printed whatever story they could make of it on the front page. Adverb Phrase or Adjective Phrase

  25. adjective

  26. Orders were given to treat Professor Sherman with the normal care given a regular passenger of this ship. Adverb Phrase or Adjective Phrase

  27. adverb

  28. He then went to his ship, picked up his ship’s log which he took to the offices of the New York tribune. Adverb Phrase or Adjective Phrase

  29. adverb

  30. PROFESSOR SHERMAN FOUND IN ATLANTIC WITH WRECKAGE OF TWENTY BALLOONS: Refuses to Explain How or Why Adverb Phrase or Adjective Phrase

  31. Adverb (How was he found?)

  32. What type of clause, adjective or adverb, is the underlined subordinate clause AND what is the subordinating conjunction that signals this clause? • Clinging to the beam which was part of a balustrade we found a man, near exhaustion and suffering from cold and shock. Adverb Clause or Adjective Clause

  33. Adjective - which

  34. Clause type and signal word… • But he only seemed to become more and more firm as he exclaimed as loudly as his strength could permit, “This tale of mine shall first be heard in the auditorium of the Western American Explorers’ Club in San Francisco. Adverb Clause or Adjective Clause

  35. Adverb - as

  36. While the rest of the world calmed down a bit, San Francisco became wild with excitement. Adverb Clause or Adjective Clause

  37. Adverb - while

  38. The workmen (1)who were attaching the balloons were followed (2)wherever they went by bands of curious children (3)who asked questions about he balloons. • Explain all three clauses in the order in which they are written and underlined. Do not forget to include the signal word in your answers. Adverb Clause or Adjective Clause

  39. 1. adjective – who • 2. adverb – wherever • 3. adjective - who

  40. A. The workmen who were attaching the balloons were followed everywhere they went by bands of curious children. • B. Balloons were the decorative scheme in all stores since Sherman was returning home. • C. He gave the contract for this big job to the Higgins Balloon Factory which built Professor Sherman’s original giant balloon. Which of the following sentences does not contain both an adjective phrase and adjective clause?