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Sport Chapter 15
The Nature of Sport Section 1
The Nature of Sport • Sport • A set of competitive activities in which winners and losers are determined by physical performance within established rules • What is the difference between a sport and a game? • Do Americans overvalue winning? • Does the statement, “It’s not whether you win or lose, but how you play the game,” really something Americans believe in?
Does it matter • Name the last five Heisman trophy winners • Name the last five World Series Winners • Name the last five Super Bowl Winners • Name five influential teachers • Name five good friends • Name five people you enjoy being with Which is easier and why?
Sport Subcultures • A group with distinct roles, values, norms, and beliefs that is organized around a sport activity
Theoretical Perspectives and Sport Section 2
Theoretical Perspectives • Functionalism • Has a concept of social integration • Athletics teams promote togetherness and belonging in a community • Conflict Theory • Demonstrates the concept of social conflict • Exists within a community and persists despite widespread attachment to athletic teams • Symbolic Interactionism • Social concept • Participation in a team sport may promote or harm self-esteem depending upon factors
Social Issues in Sport Section 3
Sport and Social Mobility • What characteristics to most star athletes share? • Does ones socioeconomic background affect being able to be a professional athlete?
Sport and Racism • Stacking • Assignment of players to less central positions on the basis of race or ethnicity • No consensus as to the causes of staking • Is salary fair in professional sports? • Are there other areas of discrimination? • 1946, Jackie Robinson became the first African-American to paly professional baseball for the Dodgers
Sexism in Sports • What are some of the consequences of sexism? • Ex; discouraging females from playing certain sports • Are women represented at the national level? • Compliance with Title IX (9) • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C4klR1FVbaI
Girls and Women in Sport • Media • Trivialization of females’ accomplishments • Lack of coverage • Reinforcement of traditional stereotypes • Myths • Participation leads to complications in childbearing • Women more likely to be insured • Participation threatens one’s femininity
What sport does for people • Offers Emotional Release • Affirmation of identity • Social Control • Socialization • Agent for change • Collective conscious • Success