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The Renaissance. “Rebirth” 1300-1500s-ish Move from medieval to modern. Why did it begin in Italy? 1. Location. Legacy of Ancient Rome Catholic Church. Why did it begin in Italy? 2. Trade Revival. Mediterranean Sea & many ports City-states Powerful family Wealthy merchant class.

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The Renaissance


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    1. The Renaissance “Rebirth” 1300-1500s-ish Move from medieval to modern

    2. Why did it begin in Italy?1. Location • Legacy of Ancient Rome • Catholic Church

    3. Why did it begin in Italy?2. Trade Revival • Mediterranean Sea & many ports • City-states • Powerful family • Wealthy merchant class

    4. Why did it begin in Italy?3. Patrons • Florence & the Medici • Bankers • “Uncrowned Kings” • Patron—supporter of arts • Learn from Classical (Roman) art—what are the characteristics of Roman art?

    5. What was the Renaissance? Time of cultural creativity and political change

    6. New World View: • Influenced by Greece & Rome • Middle Ages seen as “backwards” • Focus on eternal, religion • Focus on the individual & human experience (here and now) • “Man can do all things, if they will” –Leon Battista Alberti • Adventure and Exploration • The Prince by Machiavelli • Describes the perfect prince • “The end justifies the means,” “It is better to be feared than loved,” “Force and prudence, then, are the might of all the governments that ever have been or will be in the world” • “Renaissance Man”—talent in everything • The Courtier (1528) by Castiglione

    7. The Courtier • A true man should be: • Charming, witty, & well-educated in the classics • Skilled in sword-fighting, wrestling, & horse riding • Dance, sing, play music, write poetry • Above all, have self-control and be well-mannered

    8. Humanism • Response to Medieval scholasticism • Classical (Grk-Rmn) Studies • worldly subjects > religious studies • Find fulfillment in daily life • Education fuels creativity • Grammar, rhetoric, poetry, history • “Father of Humanism”: Petrarch

    9. New Techniques in Art • Religious topics, famous people • Realistic • Perspective—try to paint 3D • Shading & Reflection of Light

    10. Renaissance Artists

    11. Leonardo da Vinci • The Essential Renaissance Man • Artist, musician, scientist, inventor, engineer….. • Most famous artist: Mona Lisa, The Last Supper

    12. Michelangelo • Sculptor • Pieta, David • Artist • Sistine Chapel in Rome • Four years • Most done standing on a platform • Architect • Designed St. Peter’s Basilica Dome • Never finishes

    13. Raphael • Artist • Blends Christian and Classical • Modannas (mother of Christ) • School of Athens

    14. Donatello • Sculptor • Realism and natural (Greek)

    15. Albrecht Dürer • “German Leonardo” • Studies in Italy & brings ideas back to Germany • Engravings, religious themes, details • Uses math and science in art

    16. Other Artists • Jan & Hubert van Eyck • Everyday life • Rich detail • Pieter Bruegel • Vibrant colors • Peasant life • Hans Holbein the Younger • German • Portraits • Realistic & Symbolic

    17. Northern Writers • Erasmus: Dutch Priest, Christian Humanist • Classical knowledge in Christian studies • Spreads ideas to wider public • Called for church reform & Bible in vernacular • Thomas More • English • Social Reform • Utopia—ideal society

    18. William Shakespeare • English poet and playwright • Common themes in everyday settings • Used common language • Very popular • favorite of Queen Elizabeth I

    19. The Globe Theatre

    20. Gutenberg • First printing press with moveable type • Printed Bible • Books are now: • Easy to produce • Cheap • Available to all • Ideas spread quickly