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Persuasive Writing. Planning, Drafting, Composing, Editing, Revising, Finalizing, Presenting. Selecting Topics for Persuasive Speech. Find an Arguable Topic: Not all topics are suitable for argument Brainstorm possible topics Two kinds of argument – Position & Proposal.

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persuasive writing

Persuasive Writing

Planning, Drafting, Composing, Editing, Revising, Finalizing, Presenting

selecting topics for persuasive speech
Selecting Topics for Persuasive Speech

Find an Arguable Topic:

  • Not all topics are suitable for argument
  • Brainstorm possible topics
  • Two kinds of argument –

Position & Proposal

selecting topics for persuasive speech1
Selecting Topics for Persuasive Speech

Position:

  • Define the issue
  • Take a clear position
  • Make a convincing argument
  • Acknowledge opposing views
selecting topics for persuasive speech2
Selecting Topics for Persuasive Speech

Proposal:

  • Define the problem
  • Propose a solution or solutions
  • Explain why the solution will work and is feasible
selecting topics for persuasive speech3
Selecting Topics for Persuasive Speech

Topics not easily argued and to avoid:

  • Statements of fact
  • Personal taste
  • Claims of belief or faith
make an arguable claim
Make an arguable claim
  • Slogan – short with no arguable claim

Vote for candidate X

  • Arguable claim – includes a reason, typically linked to the slogan by “because”

Vote for candidate X because she will lower taxes and improve schools.

possible topics
Adoption

Public smoking

Graduation requirements

Neutrality vs. involvement

Homelessness/ poverty

Community service as criteria for graduation

Racial profiling

Pollution/ environmental concerns

Sweat shops

Over population

Olympics in Houston

Student’s rights

Immigration

Animal testing

Public shaming

School security

Banned books

Political issues

Underpaid civil workers (police, firemen, etc.)

Community service v. jail time

Hate crimes

Assisted suicide

Genetic engineering/cloning

Stem Cell research

Drug testing in sports, work place, etc.

School vouchers

Parental advisories – video games, movies, TV

Gun control

Animal Cruelty

Censorship

Violence in films, video games, TV

College admissions

Automatic admissions for top 10%

Nuclear weapons bans

Capitol punishment

Prayer in school

Punishment v. abuse

Aliens: fact or fiction

International Space Station, NASA

SAT issues

Possible Topics:

TO DO: Select a topic and create an arguable claim statement

claims must be specific and contestable
Claims must be specific and contestable:

Specific:

  • Avoid broad generalities
  • Specificity restricts your claim and makes it manageable

Contestable:

  • Must have more than one side to the argument
  • Sides must be addressed and rebutted
  • Sides must be reasonable
slide9
Think about your audience:

Who am I writing for?

What does my audience already know about the topic?

What is my audience’s point of view about the subject?

Does my audience already agree or disagree with my position?

What are the chances of changing the opinions and behavior of my audience?

Are there any sensitive issues I should be aware of?

If my audience disagrees with me, why do they disagree?

Possible lines of argument:

Can you argue by definition – from “the nature of the thing”?

Can you argue from value?

Can you compare or contrast?

Can you argue from consequence?

Can you counter objections to your position?

Develop and Organize Good ReasonsThink of reasons to support your claim.Think of how to relay the support to your audience.
think about your organization
Think about your organization:
  • Introduction: Captures the reader’s attention, defines the issue or problem, and expresses the writer’s thesis or indicates the writer’s stance.
  • Body: Supports the writer’s thesis in paragraphs that present reasons, facts, examples, and expert opinions. Opposing views are raised and discussed.
  • Conclusion: Presents summary or strong conclusive evidence – logically drawn from the arguments – that underscores the writer’s thesis.
persuasive outline
Persuasive Outline

5 paragraphs – 750 – 1000 words

I. Introduction

a. clarifies topic

b. capture’s audience’s attention

c. states emphatically your position – Arguable Claim.

II. Body paragraphs [8.2] (3 reasons –1 paragraph per reason)

a. state reason

b. one example of reason

c. explanation of example’s relations to reason (2 sentences)

d. second example of reason

e. explanation of example’s relations to reason (2 sentences)

f. transition sentence to next reason/conclusion

III. Conclusion

a. must not simply restate other paragraphs

b. reminds reader of important reasons and examples

c. asks reader to act upon the topic to solve this problem

label one copy of your final draft
Label one copy of your final draft

Create a key which clearly identifies each of the following:

  • Label your arguable claim or thesis statement.
  • Label your reasons (3) in the body of the essay
  • Label your examples for each reason (2 per reason)
  • Label your opposition’s stance and your refutation.

Highlight, underline, mark, color code, whatever, so that it is clear what’s what.

grading rubric product final draft major grade
Expectations

I. Introduction (10 points)

A. Arguable Claim/Thesis Statement

B. Introduces & Explains Topic

II. Reason #1 (20 points)

A. Clearly identifies reason

B. 2 supporting examples

C. Clarifies relation to thesis

III. Reason #2 (20 points)

A. Clearly identifies reason

B. 2 supporting examples

C. Clarifies relation to thesis

IV. Reason #3 (20 points)

A. Clearly identifies reason

B. 2 supporting examples

C. Clarifies relation to thesis

[At least one paragraph must deal with the opposition.]

V. Conclusion (10 points)

A. Reinforces thesis

B. Reminds reader of important reasons and examples

C. Asks reader to act upon the topic to solve this problem

VI. Mechanics [Grammar, spelling, punctuation, etc.](20 points)

Total Points - 100

Grading Rubric – Product – Final Draft Major Grade
grading rubric process double daily grade
Final draft formatted correctly

Rough draft

typed

Lexicon Labels – nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, jargon, ultimate words

Sentence marks – arguable claim/thesis, reasons, examples, opposition

Notes & Arguable claim statement

Any other stuff from this assignment (optional)

25 points

10 points

10 points

25 points

20 points

10 points

Total – 100

Grading Rubric – Process – Double Daily Grade
persuasive essay reading
Persuasive Essay Reading
  • For each essay read to the class identify the following:
    • The author’s name
    • The topic
    • The author’s stance
    • Two of the three reasons given
    • Two of the examples given in support of these reasons
    • Your position on this topic and why.
    • These are to be identified through listening only. The audience must not ask for clarification or repetition of information in the essay.