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United Arab Emirates University Collage of Engineering Mechanical Engineering Department Graduation Project II. Solar Chimney for Harvesting Fresh Water and Power Generation. Khaled Moustafa Fouda 200540937 Saeed Ali Al Suwaidi 200505973 Sultan Mohammed Al Hosani 200507333

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United Arab Emirates UniversityCollage of EngineeringMechanical Engineering DepartmentGraduation Project II

Solar Chimney for HarvestingFresh Water and Power Generation

Khaled Moustafa Fouda 200540937

Saeed Ali Al Suwaidi 200505973

Sultan Mohammed Al Hosani 200507333

Supervised By Dr. Mohammad Hamdan

Examination Committee: Dr. Khaleel Al-Hosani Dr. Salah Al-Omari Dr. EmadElnajjar

outlines
Outlines
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
  • Conceptual Design
  • Consideration
  • Experimental Setup
  • Test and Measurements
  • Prototype in UAE
  • Thermodynamics Analysis
  • Conclusion
introduction

Introduction

Problem Statement

Needs

Objectives

problem statement
Problem Statement
  • Energy Consumption.
  • Global Warming.
needs
Needs
  • Renewable Sources of Energy.
  • Green Energy.
  • Affordable and Sustainable.
  • Availability.
objectives
Objectives
  • Study
  • Design
  • Comparison
  • Build
  • Test
  • Experiments setup
  • Comparing the experimentally with the theoretically results
solar chimney power plant

Solar Chimney Power Plant

Principle and Components

History

principle and components
Principle and Components
  • SCPP Components:
    • Chimney
    • Turbine
    • Collector
scpp history
SCPP History
  • Spain, 80’s
  • Dimensions
  • Power output
  • 7 years
  • Corrosion
comparison

Comparison

Specifications

Comparison between Solar Chimney, Windmill, and PV

conceptual design

Conceptual Design

Specifications

Quality Function Diagram Morphological Chart

considerations

Considerations

Relevance to Environment

Relevance to UAE

Others

relevance to environment
Relevance to Environment
  • Zero CO2 emission.
  • No pollution.
  • Ability to growth:
    • Fruits.
    • Vegetables.
    • Fish farm.
relevance to uae
Relevance to UAE
  • Social:
  • Reducing the emigrations of money.
  • Aiding for increasing the tourism.
  • Cultural:
  • Increasing the awareness.
  • Political:
  • Attempting to reduce the emissions.
  • Independent source of energy.
others
Others
  • Construction’s location:
    • Far away from airports.
    • Avoiding earthquakes places.
  • Protection against terrorist.
relevant codes of ethics
Relevant Codes of Ethics
  • 1st Canon:
    • "Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health and welfare of the public in the performance of their professional duties“.
  •  3rd Canon:
    • “Engineers shall continue their professional development throughout their careers".
  •  5th Canon
    • "Engineers shall respect the proprietary information and intellectual property rights of others”.
relevant codes of ethics1
Relevant Codes of Ethics
  • 6th Canon
    • "Engineers shall associate only with reputable persons or organizations".
  •  8th Canon
    • "Engineers shall consider environmental impact and sustainable development in the performance of their professional duties".
test and measurements

Test and Measurements

Speedometer

Velocity

prototype in uae

Prototype in UAE

Parameters

Heat flux

thermodynamics

Thermodynamics

Assumption

And

Analysis

assumptions analysis
Assumptions & Analysis
  • State 1 to 2:
    • Assumptions for the collector:
      • Isobaric.
      • All irradiance is absorbed by the working fluid.
        • Equations:
assumptions analysis1
Assumptions & Analysis
  • State 2 to 3:
    • Assumptions for the turbine:
      • Adiabatic.
      • Isentropic.
        • Equations:
assumptions analysis2
Assumptions & Analysis
  • State 3 to 4:
    • Assumptions for the tower:
      • Incompressible flow.
      • Isolated.
        • Equations:
assumptions analysis3
Assumptions & Analysis
  • State 4 to 1:
    • Fact:
      • As the elevation increases above the sea level,

the temperature and pressure decrease.

        • Equations:
ees modeling
EES Modeling
  • EES.
  • Known and variables.
  • T2 to get ht:
    • Turbine head, to select the turbine.
  • ht to get m and Wt.
    • Calculate the work output.
  • Harvesting water.
t 2 to calculate h t
T2 to calculate ht.
  • Assume the value of T2=65o
  • SCPP parameters effect:
    • Area of the collector.
    • Diameter of the chimney.
    • Height of the chimney.
h t to get m w t
ht to Get m & Wt
  • Fixing some readings.
  • Solve the other variable (Z).
  • (Z) is a variable.
    • (z) value’s limitation.
  • Dimensions:
    • P=10 m
    • D=0.5 m
    • Z=10 m
the code for harvesting water
The Code for Harvesting Water
  • Assuming RH=70%
  • W = SH = mw (g)/ma (kg)
  • Depends on the value of ma.
  • Solve for mw. (L/day).
conclusion

Conclusion

Plan for GP II

New Skills Learnt